It's allusion because, it's using garden of Eden, which is a place referenced from bible., Voltaire is satirizing people (men) are born to work and use their strength in their life, not just sit or rest.
It's a allusion, because Milton was the actually existing person. He was the historical figure and it had made an reference to it., It is satirizing the people who judges with what they know and heard. They should judge people with their insides and how their attitude is.
This is hyperbole because, it is exaggerated that Candide is going to fly to China if Cunégonde was there. However, human can't fly that it's exaggerated that he will go anywhere, where Cunégonde is., Voltaire is satirizing the love that how foolish human becomes when human falls in love that Candide say he will fly and get her.
This is hyperbole because, there are huge amount of people who will be resulted with bad lucks, misfortunes that some were killed and sold. However, it's very exxagerated of how they were resulted with misfortunes and there are so many people who were called., Voltaire is satirizing that unlike the usual rank, people with higher rank have worse result of their life. So the higher rank leads to misfortunes.
Even though they are the king, most powerful and richest people, they are talking about their misfortunes that they had., Voltaire is satirizing the kings that they shouldn't be talking about misfortunes. There are people who are so poor that their life is misfortune, however, they are born with authorities and wealth that they are enough with it.
It's irony because, the apes and women were lover, but they were killed by Candide, which wasn't meant. Candide thought apes were hurting the women, but they were actually lovers, which was shocking to him., This is satirized because, usually, people are expected to love the other human, which is the normal love. However, this satirizes that human loving the animal, which satirizes the love.
Everyone thinks that this world is the the best world of the possible, including Candide and Pangloss, but he thinks it's all for the best., This is satirized because, it's making fun of von Leibniz that it's not the best of all possible worlds. In addition, this is what the whole book talks about.
It's a parody because, it parodies how Pangloss talks and pangloss acts, which is similar to imitation., Voltaire is satirizing that many people were effected by the Pangloss' optimistic thoughts. However, Voltaire is sick and tired of being too optimistic. He puts Candide as a character who praises Pangloss because Candide is student of Pangloss.
This is oxymoron because the house was explained as a modest house, but it actually is the house full of luxury designs and some decorations that shows the wealth. Not normal wealth, but huge wealthiness., This is satirized because, it shows the rich people in society. Rich people, which shows their high social position should have to be the role models of the lower positioned people, not show off their wealthiness. So this tells that it shouldn't be like this.
This is oxymoron, because the context is contradictory. Description of harmony is used to show the beautiful sounds showing up together. So, harmony can't be the gallant and sound that is heard in hell., This is satirized because, it is showing how the war sounds like and how the sounds are together in the war.
It's understatement because, after it said it is explained in Italian, Spanish, and French, Senator tries to talk as it is obvious., It is satirized because, Candide is in low social stand and Senator is. So it shows the difference of education.
It's understatement because, it shows that Candide was sold because he was useless and careless to his mom. Making it "like" simple and obvious., It satirizes the parent's rights. Parents should take care of their own child. They should support their children and be with them, don't sell them like Candide's parents did.