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Literary Devices used in Satire by Mind Map: Literary Devices used in Satire
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Literary Devices used in Satire

Allusion

'You are right,' said Pangloss, 'for when man was placed in the garden of Eden, he was put there ut operaretur eum, so that he might work: which proves that man was not born for rest.' (p.93)

"Candide, observing a Milton, asked whether he did not look upon this author as a great man." (pg.72)

Hyperbole

But even were she in China, I would fly to her; let us leave now!" (p. 79)

"Wintess Eglon, Kin gof the Moabites, who was assassinated by Ehud; Absalom was hanged by his hair and stabbed in the heart with three spears; King Nadab, son of Joroboam, was killed by Baasha, King Elah by Zimri;Johoram by Jehu; Athaliah by Jehoiada; and the Kings of Jehoiakim, Johiachin, and Zdekiah were all sold into captivity. And you will recall in what manner death came for Croesus, Astyages, Darius, Dionysius of Syracuse, Pyrrhus, Perseus, Hannibal, Jugurtha, Ariovistus, Caesar, Pompey, Nero, Otho, Vitellius, Dominitian, Richard II of England ... and the Emperor Henry IV." (p. 93)

Irony

'A mere commoner who is in a position to give a hundred times as much as each of us, and who moreover gives it?' (p. 82)

"He was about to continue, but words failed him when he saw the two girls throw their arms lovingly around the two apes and collapse in tears over their corpses, filling the air with the most pitiful lamentations." (p. 40)

Parody

"but Pangloss consoled them, assuring everyone that things could not be otherwise: 'This is all for the best,' he said. 'For if there is a volcano beneath Lisbon, then it cannot be anywhere else; for it is impossible for things to be elsewhere than where they are. For all is well. ' (p.15)

"He sound like another Pangloss" (p. 64)

Oxymoron

"They entered a very modest house, for the door was merely of silver and the panelling in the apartments merely of gold, though so tastefully fashioned that the most opulent of workmanship could not have surpassed it. To be sure, the antechamber was encrusted with mere rubies and emeralds; but the skill with which everything was arranged more than justified its bare simplicity. " (p. 46)

"Never was anything so gallant, so well accoutred, so dashing, so well drilled as those two armies. Trumpets, fifes, hautboys drums and cannon produced a harmony such as was never heard in hell." (p. 7)

Understatement

'What a lot of plays there are!' said Candide. 'In Italian, Spanish, French!' - 'Yes,' said the Senator, 'three thousand of them, and not three dozen decent ones.' (p.77 )

"Yet when my mother sold me for ten patagons on the coast of Guinea, she said to me"(pg.49)

Definition of each literary terms

Allusion: Having reference on people, event, place, etc.

Hyperbole: Showing exaggeration

Irony:Some unexpected events happening and some sarcasm in the meaning.

Parody: It is a imitated copy of the original copy, showing comic effects with exaggeration.

Oxymoron: It's the sentence with contradictory terms and meaning.

Understatement: To exaggerate the meaning of the terms negatively. To make it sound obvious and less important.