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Literary Devices used in Satire by Mind Map: Literary Devices used in Satire
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Literary Devices used in Satire


Allusion is another literary device when you write a statement without showing the real definition behind the sentence. (e.g. If I wanted to make an allusion of staying up late isn't good, I would write, 'I got such a bad grade on the test because I slept late last night.'

pg 51. This philosopher was an honest man; but he had been robbed by his wife, beaten by his son, and abandoned by his daughter who got a Portuguese to run away with her. // I count this as an allusion because though the sentence starts out with saying that this philosopher was an honest man, Voltaire tries to say his point of saying that though he was honest he wasn't very lucky.

pg 56. He entered Paris by the suburb of St. Marceau, and fancied that he was in the dirtiest village of Westphalia. // This is an allusion because he fancied that he was in Westphalia but he was actually meaning Westphalia in a bad way.


Hyperbole is another literary device you use when you try to exaggerate an object or a phase. (e.g. I was so hungry that I could have eaten a horse.)

Candide Examples


Irony is similar to sarcastic, but sarcasm changes its name to irony when the humor becomes mocking. (e.g. She said, "Thank you" when I told her, her room was a mess.")

pg 73. "Oh! what a superior man," said Candide below his breath. "What a great genius is this Pococurante! Nothing can please him." -> You can say that this is an ironical phrase because it Voltaire is mocking Pococurante.

pg 57. "Your tears are misplaced; that is a shocking actress; the actor who plays with her is yet worse; and the play is still worse than the actors." -> This dialogue is mocking tears which makes it an irony phrase.

pg 58. "It means nothing, for they complain of everything with great fits of laughter; they even do the most detestable things while laughing." This dialogue mocks the way Parisians laugh at everything.


pg 59. "There are very few good tragedies" -> Tragedies are 98% negative, but since Voltaire says that there are 'good tragedies', this is counted as an oxymoron.

pg 49. They embraced with tears. // This is an oxymoron because the word 'embrace' is commonly used when people are 'joined' or in an optimistic way

Oxymoron is a literary device you call when you use to opposite words/ phrases in the same sentence. (e.g. She made a happy tearing face when she was finished with the test.)


Parody is used when you want to imitate a story or an act ironically. (e.g. Eat It is a parody of Beat It.)

pg 54. "But do you believe," said Candide, "that the earth was originally a sea, as we find it asserted in that large book belonging to the captain?" -> This is a parody because Candide is disagreeing with that book.

pg 56-57. The priest swore that they would not bury Candide. Martin swore that he would bury the priest if he continued to be troublesome. -> This is also a parody because Martin is making a parody out of what the priest had said.


Understatement is the literary device when you speak of something better than it actually is. (e.g. The test was a really big test, but the person in the story says it's no big deal, only one test grade.)

Candide Examples