Giovanni da Verrazzano discover what is today New York Harbor.
Jacques Cartier reached a gulf off the eastern coast of Canada that led to a broad river and named it St. Lawrence.
Samuel de Champlain found Quebec known as New France.
By 1760, population had grown to 65,000.
The French were less interested in occupying territories than they were in making money off the land.
First permanent settlement in North America. More interested in gold and seven out of ten people died in the first few years.
Pilgrims founded a second English colony, Plymouth. Puritans sought religious freedom from England's Anglican Church.
Henry Hudson explore three waterways- the Hudson River, Hudson Bay, Hudson Strait.
French and Dutch settlers developed a mostly cooperative relationship with the Native Americans because of the mutual benefits of the fur trade.
Metacom (King Philip) led an attack on colonial villages throughout Massachusetts.
Many people died from diseases. This led to severe shortage of labor in the colonists. Europeans turned to Africans in order to meet their growing labor needs.
The Duke of York drove the Dutch out and claimed the colony for England and renamed it New York.
The French and Indian War was between the British and French over the Ohio Valley. The British won.