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SCENARIOS OF GLOBALIZATION by Mind Map: SCENARIOS OF
GLOBALIZATION
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SCENARIOS OF GLOBALIZATION

Institutions

WTO

Enhances standards of living in member countries

Lowering trade barriers

WTO agreement (frame of other agreements, trading goods & services)

ITO agreement (1948 finalized, USA didn't ratify)

AD

DSU (rule book, how resolve disputes under the WTO agreement)

Banana

Rounds (longer than previous)

ANCDAD

Global europe competing in the world (2006)

NT & NFN (third party, same conditions)

Spaghetti Ball (everybody lateral)

WTO (multi lateral)

DOHA (2001)

CRT (regional trading blocks, EU, GOLF,..) compatible with the WTO)

SSM ("Getting to yes")

Protests

June 18, 1999

December, 1999

April 2000

September 2000

January 2001

April 2001

June 2001

July 2001

September 11, 2001

IMF

Gold Standard

Promote international monetary cooperation

Established 1944 at Bretton Woods

Main headquarters in Washington

Members undertake to keep the IMF informed about economic and financial policies

World Bank

Gold Standard

Members must buy shares of the capital stock of the bank

United States is the largest shareholder, followed by Japan, Germany, the United Kingdom, and France

Grants loans only to member nations

Established 1944 at Bretton Woods

History of Globalization

Romans (roads, global power)

Venice (levante)

Columbus & Co (gold, slavery)

Steam machines

Telegraphs

19th century

Europe (colonialism, imperialism)

World War I

World War II

70's & 80's

Protests

Globalization & Cultures

Technology

Historical overview

Steam Engine and Cotton

Railway & Steel

Electronical Engineering & Chemistry

Petrochemicals & Automobiles

Information Technology

Infotech

Usage of IT today, IT as strategical tool, Businesses and human activity depends on technological innovation, Entire planet and business world is organized around telecommunicated networks, Internet- used by about 100million people (doubling every year)

Future issues of IT, Green IT, Video telepresence, Social networking, Micro blogging, Distance (Cultural, Economic, Geographic), No Face to Face ever, High costs

Milestones, 1950 some universities and laboratories begin to work with computers, 1970 the first microprocessors were built by Intel allowing IBM & Co. to build the first PCs, 1989 the WWW emerges making the network for experts to a network for everyone, Dotcom boom and crash financed many technologies we are using today like Voice over IP

Global Markets

USA

Facts, GDP growth 2007: 1.8 %, GDP growth 1986-2010: 2.7%, GDP development 1986-2010: 16.150 bn

The US denominated reserves of the developing world

USA, Mexico, Brazil, Canada: 25% of global electronics output

In 2007: 19% of world electronics production

1.3 million employees

U.S. electronics industry focused on high-end products (computers&microchips)

Silicon Valley (concentration of integrated circuit, software &computer firms)

Europe

Facts

Global electronics production transfers from Western Europe to Eastern Europe

Germany is Europe largest electronics production nation (183bn $)

ELECTRA 2010

Czech Republic & Hungary most important countries (electronics)

Better infrastructure than in China & India

Russia

Facts, GDP growth 2007: 7.2%

Energy delivery for Europe

Russian investors are investing in european companies

Russia looses quarter of population until 2050

Africa

Facts

Patents kill

Poverty rate 50% (500 million Africans still subsist on less than $2/day)

25 million people in Sub Saharan Africa faced a food crisis

In 8 African countries, less than 50% of the population have access to safe water

8 out of the 10 most vulnerable & weak states are in Sub-Saharan Africa

1⁄2 of all young people (15-24) can read a simple sentence after 3 years of primary school

50% - 60% deaths of diseases

World Economic Forum

Asia

China, Facts, GDP growth 2007: 11.5%, Population: 1.31 bn, Capital: Beijing, Density: 137 inhabitants / km2, Area: 9.6 m sqm, GDP growth 1986-2010: 8.1%, GDP development 1986-2010: 15.367 bn, Global GDP sharing four times higher than GER, China will displace "Exportweltmeister" GER next year, Hub for RaD- activities for international companies, Market holds beside big chances risks for international investors

India, Facts, GDP growth 2007: 8%, Population: 1.12 bn, Capital: Neu Delhi, Density: 338 inhabitants / km2, Area: 3.29 m sqm, GDP growth 1986-2010: 7.1%, GDP development 1986-2010: 6398 bn, 2050 India will get third largest national economic in the world, Quarter of 500 biggest global corporations researches & develops in India, Work-intensive industries claims poverty life, Market holds beside big chances risks for international investors

Education standard still below the standard – but they catch up quickly

Indias bank- and finance system works better than Chinas

India invests in services while China invests in capital-intensive production processes

Chinas and Indias growing demand for energy is a big challenge for the industrializes countries

RaD-costs in China higher than in India – Scientists more available

China has excess of exports, India is an import-nation and hardly integrated in global trade

Chinas and Indias growing demand for energy is a big challenge for the industrializes countries

Labor costs are not the crucial criteria in investment decisions

Some corporate frameworks are strongly improvable in both countries

USA, Germany and GB are the most important western trade partners for China and India

Keywords

Trade versus Aid

Accountability

Brands

Capitalism

Communication

Culture

Environment

Equality/Inequality

Exploitation

Free Trade?

Growth

Integration of Economies

Monopoly Power

Outsourcing

Poverty

Recognition

Shrinking World

Technology/ The Internet

Terrorism