Phytonutrients

Phytochemicals Mind Map: Full Listing of Phytochemicals That Have Protective Properties for Human Health. What are phytochemicals? Phytochemicals are plant chemicals that have protective properties for human health. Thousand of phytochemicals have been identified and have attracted much attention and researches recently due to its positive impact on human health. There are ample evidence by research that food from plants such as fruits, vegetables, grains and nuts provide much beneficial nu...

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Phytonutrients by Mind Map: Phytonutrients

1. Other Organic Acids

1.1. Oxalic Acids

1.2. Tartaric Acid

1.3. Anacardic Acid

2. Piperine

3. Pectin

4. Chlorophyll

5. Anthraquinones

6. Thiosulfonates

7. Phytosterols

7.1. Gama Sitosterol

7.2. Beta Sitosterol

7.3. Campesterol

7.4. Stigmasterol

8. Capsaicin

9. Resources

9.1. Phytochemicals.info

9.2. List of phytochemicals in food by Wikipedia

9.3. Listing of Foods and their Phytochemicals by Phytopia

9.4. Tips to Fortify Foods with Phytochemicals

9.5. Glossary of Phytochemicals

9.6. Phytochemicals as Nutraceuticals by Ben Best

9.7. Linus Pauling Institute: Micronutrient Research for Optimum Health.

9.8. What is the Special Nutritional Power found in Phytonutrients?

10. Polyphenolics

10.1. Natural Monophenols

10.1.1. Apiole

10.1.2. Carnosol

10.1.3. Carvacrol

10.1.4. Dillapiole

10.1.5. Rosemarinol

10.2. Flavonoids (Polyphenols)

10.2.1. Flavonoids

10.2.1.1. Proanthocyanidins

10.2.1.1.1. Olignomeric Catechins

10.2.1.2. Biflavones

10.2.1.2.1. Amentoflavone, Bilobetin

10.2.1.3. Flavanonoles

10.2.1.3.1. Taxifolin

10.2.1.4. Flavonolignans

10.2.1.4.1. Silymarin

10.2.1.5. Tannins

10.2.2. Flavonols

10.2.2.1. Quercetin

10.2.2.2. Rutin

10.2.2.3. Kaempferol

10.2.2.4. Myricetinn

10.2.2.5. Isorhamnetin

10.2.3. Flavanones

10.2.3.1. Hesperidin

10.2.3.2. Naringin

10.2.3.3. Silybin

10.2.3.4. Eriodictyol

10.2.4. Flavanones

10.2.4.1. Apigenin

10.2.4.2. Tangeritin

10.2.4.3. Luteolin

10.2.5. Flavanols

10.2.5.1. Catechins

10.2.5.2. Epicatechins

10.2.5.3. Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG)

10.2.5.4. Theaflavin

10.2.6. Anthocyanins (Flavonals), and Anthocyanidins,

10.2.6.1. Cyanidin, delphinidin, Malvidin, Petunidin

10.2.6.2. Pelargonidin

10.2.6.3. Peonidin

10.2.6.4. Cyanidin

10.2.6.5. Delphinidin

10.2.6.6. Malvidin

10.2.6.7. Petunidin

10.2.7. Isoflavones (Phytoestrogens)

10.2.7.1. Diadzein

10.2.7.2. Genistein

10.2.7.3. Glycitein

10.2.8. Punicalagins

10.3. Phenolic Acids

10.3.1. Hydroxycinnamic Acids

10.3.1.1. Chicoric Acid

10.3.1.2. Coumarin

10.3.1.3. Ferullic Acid

10.3.1.4. Scopoletin

10.3.2. Hydroxybenzoic Acids

10.3.3. Rosmarinic Acid

10.3.4. Ellagic Acid

10.3.5. Gallic Acids

10.3.6. Vanillin

10.3.7. Salicylic Acid

10.3.8. Tannic Acid

10.3.9. Capsaicin

10.3.10. Curcumin

10.3.11. Hydroxycinnamic Acids

10.3.11.1. Chicoric Acid

10.3.11.2. Coumarin

10.3.11.3. Scopoletin

10.3.11.4. Caffeic Acid

10.3.11.5. Chlorogenic Acid

10.3.11.6. Coumarin Acid

10.3.12. Phytic Acid

10.3.13. Cinnamic Acid

10.3.14. Ferulic Acid

10.4. Other Non-Flavonoid Polyphenolics

10.4.1. Chicoric Acid

10.4.2. Coumarin

10.4.3. Ferullic Acid

10.4.4. Scopoletin

10.4.5. Curcumin

10.4.6. Stilbenes

10.4.6.1. Resveratrol

10.4.6.2. Pterostilbene

10.4.6.3. Piceatannol

10.4.7. Lignans (Phytoestrogens)

10.4.7.1. Silymarin

10.4.7.2. Matairesinol

10.4.7.3. Secoisolariciresinol

10.4.7.4. Pinoresinol and Lariciresinol

10.5. Tyrosol Esters

10.5.1. Class Members

10.5.1.1. Tyrosol

10.5.1.2. Hydroxytyrosol

10.5.1.3. Oleocanthal

10.5.1.4. Oleuropein

10.6. Alkylresorcinols

11. Betalains

11.1. Betacyanins

11.1.1. Betanin

11.1.2. Isobetanin

11.1.3. Probetanin

11.1.4. NeobBetanin

12. Glucosinolates

12.1. Dithiolthiones (Isothiocyanates)

12.1.1. Sulphoraphane

12.1.1.1. Brassicates

12.2. Polysulfides (Allium Compounds)

12.2.1. Allyl Methyl Trisulfide

12.3. Indoles

12.3.1. Indole-3-carbinol

12.3.2. 3,3'-Diindolylmethane or DIM

12.3.3. Sinigrin

12.3.4. Allicin

12.3.5. Alliin

12.3.6. Allyl Isothiocyanate

12.3.7. Piperine

12.3.8. Syn-propanethial-S-oxide

12.4. Sulphides

12.4.1. Diallyl Sulfide

13. Terpenoids (isoprenoids)

13.1. Carotenoids Terpenoids

13.1.1. Carotenes

13.1.1.1. Beta Carotene

13.1.1.2. Alpha Carotene

13.1.1.3. Lycopene

13.1.1.4. Neurosporene

13.1.1.5. Phytofluene

13.1.1.6. Phytoene

13.1.2. Xanthophylls

13.1.2.1. Canthaxanthin

13.1.2.2. Beta Cryptoxanthin

13.1.2.3. Zeaxanthin

13.1.2.4. Astaxanthin

13.1.2.5. Lutein

13.1.2.6. Rubixanthin

13.2. Non-Carotenoid Terpenoids

13.2.1. Saponins

13.2.2. Triterpenoid

13.2.2.1. Oleanolic Acid

13.2.2.2. Ursolic Acid

13.2.3. Terpene Limonoids

13.2.3.1. Limonene

13.2.4. Perilly Alcohol

13.2.5. Terpeneol

14. Protein Inhibitors

14.1. Protease Inhibitors