Phytonutrients

Phytochemicals Mind Map: Full Listing of Phytochemicals That Have Protective Properties for Human Health. What are phytochemicals? Phytochemicals are plant chemicals that have protective properties for human health. Thousand of phytochemicals have been identified and have attracted much attention and researches recently due to its positive impact on human health. There are ample evidence by research that food from plants such as fruits, vegetables, grains and nuts provide much beneficial nu...

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Phytonutrients by Mind Map: Phytonutrients

1. Capsaicin

2. Resources

2.1. Phytochemicals.info

2.2. List of phytochemicals in food by Wikipedia

2.3. Listing of Foods and their Phytochemicals by Phytopia

2.4. Tips to Fortify Foods with Phytochemicals

2.5. Glossary of Phytochemicals

2.6. Phytochemicals as Nutraceuticals by Ben Best

2.7. Linus Pauling Institute: Micronutrient Research for Optimum Health.

2.8. What is the Special Nutritional Power found in Phytonutrients?

3. Polyphenolics

3.1. Natural Monophenols

3.1.1. Apiole

3.1.2. Carnosol

3.1.3. Carvacrol

3.1.4. Dillapiole

3.1.5. Rosemarinol

3.2. Flavonoids (Polyphenols)

3.2.1. Flavonoids

3.2.1.1. Proanthocyanidins

3.2.1.1.1. Olignomeric Catechins

3.2.1.2. Biflavones

3.2.1.2.1. Amentoflavone, Bilobetin

3.2.1.3. Flavanonoles

3.2.1.3.1. Taxifolin

3.2.1.4. Flavonolignans

3.2.1.4.1. Silymarin

3.2.1.5. Tannins

3.2.2. Flavonols

3.2.2.1. Quercetin

3.2.2.2. Rutin

3.2.2.3. Kaempferol

3.2.2.4. Myricetinn

3.2.2.5. Isorhamnetin

3.2.3. Flavanones

3.2.3.1. Hesperidin

3.2.3.2. Naringin

3.2.3.3. Silybin

3.2.3.4. Eriodictyol

3.2.4. Flavanones

3.2.4.1. Apigenin

3.2.4.2. Tangeritin

3.2.4.3. Luteolin

3.2.5. Flavanols

3.2.5.1. Catechins

3.2.5.2. Epicatechins

3.2.5.3. Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG)

3.2.5.4. Theaflavin

3.2.6. Anthocyanins (Flavonals), and Anthocyanidins,

3.2.6.1. Cyanidin, delphinidin, Malvidin, Petunidin

3.2.6.2. Pelargonidin

3.2.6.3. Peonidin

3.2.6.4. Cyanidin

3.2.6.5. Delphinidin

3.2.6.6. Malvidin

3.2.6.7. Petunidin

3.2.7. Isoflavones (Phytoestrogens)

3.2.7.1. Diadzein

3.2.7.2. Genistein

3.2.7.3. Glycitein

3.2.8. Punicalagins

3.3. Phenolic Acids

3.3.1. Hydroxycinnamic Acids

3.3.1.1. Chicoric Acid

3.3.1.2. Coumarin

3.3.1.3. Ferullic Acid

3.3.1.4. Scopoletin

3.3.2. Hydroxybenzoic Acids

3.3.3. Rosmarinic Acid

3.3.4. Ellagic Acid

3.3.5. Gallic Acids

3.3.6. Vanillin

3.3.7. Salicylic Acid

3.3.8. Tannic Acid

3.3.9. Capsaicin

3.3.10. Curcumin

3.3.11. Hydroxycinnamic Acids

3.3.11.1. Chicoric Acid

3.3.11.2. Coumarin

3.3.11.3. Scopoletin

3.3.11.4. Caffeic Acid

3.3.11.5. Chlorogenic Acid

3.3.11.6. Coumarin Acid

3.3.12. Phytic Acid

3.3.13. Cinnamic Acid

3.3.14. Ferulic Acid

3.4. Other Non-Flavonoid Polyphenolics

3.4.1. Chicoric Acid

3.4.2. Coumarin

3.4.3. Ferullic Acid

3.4.4. Scopoletin

3.4.5. Curcumin

3.4.6. Stilbenes

3.4.6.1. Resveratrol

3.4.6.2. Pterostilbene

3.4.6.3. Piceatannol

3.4.7. Lignans (Phytoestrogens)

3.4.7.1. Silymarin

3.4.7.2. Matairesinol

3.4.7.3. Secoisolariciresinol

3.4.7.4. Pinoresinol and Lariciresinol

3.5. Tyrosol Esters

3.5.1. Class Members

3.5.1.1. Tyrosol

3.5.1.2. Hydroxytyrosol

3.5.1.3. Oleocanthal

3.5.1.4. Oleuropein

3.6. Alkylresorcinols

4. Betalains

4.1. Betacyanins

4.1.1. Betanin

4.1.2. Isobetanin

4.1.3. Probetanin

4.1.4. NeobBetanin

5. Glucosinolates

5.1. Dithiolthiones (Isothiocyanates)

5.1.1. Sulphoraphane

5.1.1.1. Brassicates

5.2. Polysulfides (Allium Compounds)

5.2.1. Allyl Methyl Trisulfide

5.3. Indoles

5.3.1. Indole-3-carbinol

5.3.2. 3,3'-Diindolylmethane or DIM

5.3.3. Sinigrin

5.3.4. Allicin

5.3.5. Alliin

5.3.6. Allyl Isothiocyanate

5.3.7. Piperine

5.3.8. Syn-propanethial-S-oxide

5.4. Sulphides

5.4.1. Diallyl Sulfide

6. Terpenoids (isoprenoids)

6.1. Carotenoids Terpenoids

6.1.1. Carotenes

6.1.1.1. Beta Carotene

6.1.1.2. Alpha Carotene

6.1.1.3. Lycopene

6.1.1.4. Neurosporene

6.1.1.5. Phytofluene

6.1.1.6. Phytoene

6.1.2. Xanthophylls

6.1.2.1. Canthaxanthin

6.1.2.2. Beta Cryptoxanthin

6.1.2.3. Zeaxanthin

6.1.2.4. Astaxanthin

6.1.2.5. Lutein

6.1.2.6. Rubixanthin

6.2. Non-Carotenoid Terpenoids

6.2.1. Saponins

6.2.2. Triterpenoid

6.2.2.1. Oleanolic Acid

6.2.2.2. Ursolic Acid

6.2.3. Terpene Limonoids

6.2.3.1. Limonene

6.2.4. Perilly Alcohol

6.2.5. Terpeneol

7. Protein Inhibitors

7.1. Protease Inhibitors

8. Other Organic Acids

8.1. Oxalic Acids

8.2. Tartaric Acid

8.3. Anacardic Acid

9. Piperine

10. Pectin

11. Chlorophyll

12. Anthraquinones

13. Thiosulfonates

14. Phytosterols

14.1. Gama Sitosterol

14.2. Beta Sitosterol

14.3. Campesterol

14.4. Stigmasterol