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Criticisms of the Teleological Argument by Mind Map: Criticisms of the Teleological
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Criticisms of the Teleological Argument


Nothing in the universe to which a universe could be compared

Any argument from analogy is weak as it relies on experience

We have no experience of any other universe so we can't compare ours to anything

You can't compare two things like for like

Can't compare human circulatory systems with the way sap circulates in a tree.

A machine is no comparison to a tree, this links to Paley's argument - but remember he wrote AFTER Hume

Unless there is a perfect similarity between the two objects you can not draw a conclusion about their design

Possible that there could be more than one designer

Ship analogy: Many designs, trial and error

Ship anaolgy: Not just one person that builds the ship

A house buider has an architecht, does the universe?

No comarison between a house and the universe

If the house is faulty, what does that say about the designer?

PALEY rejected this: Not concerned with quality in the design

Random activity can lead to orderliness

In this situation the tendancy is for things to go from disorder to order

Subsequently backed up by natural selection - order coming out of apparent randomness.



All living things are related

We have evolved over billions of years from a common ancestor

No evidence of design


DARWINISM not Darwin

Natural Selection

Explains the emergence of complex living organisms without design or purpose

Survival of the fitest

Those that develop the skills to survive are the ones that do and manage to reproduce

J.S. Mill

Inspired by Darwinism

Nature is apparently cruel

If designed, it imples a flawed design and designer

If God is the designer then God is not necessarily good