Patient with Anorexia

Mind map for a patient with anorexia

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Patient with Anorexia by Mind Map: Patient with Anorexia

1. Age: 18

1.1. Female

2. Causes

2.1. Psychological

2.1.1. complex eating disorder refusal to maintain a healthy body weight Intense fear of gaining weight a distorted body image

2.1.2. low self esteem concerned with opinions people pleaser

2.1.3. impulsive or obsessive behaviour perfectionists competitive

2.1.4. Depression/anxiety

2.2. Biological

2.2.1. imbalance of chemicals in the brain high level of cortisol in brain

2.2.2. adolescence and associated hormonal, physical and neural changes

2.2.3. Genetic- exposure to family members associated with disorder

3. Symptoms

3.1. Severe mood swings

3.2. Depression

3.3. Sudden or rapid weight loss

3.3.1. frequet weight changes

3.4. Sensitivity to the cold

3.5. Fainting/dizziness

3.6. Fatigue

3.6.1. Slowed thinking Poor memory

3.6.2. Lack of energy

3.7. Constipation and bloating

3.8. Tooth decay, gum damage

3.9. Dry, yellow skin

4. Links Between Disorders and/or food

4.1. Low Blood pressure

4.2. Aneamia

4.3. Heart attack

4.4. Diabetes

4.4.1. Fluctuations in blood sugar levels mood swings anxiety loss of control

4.4.2. Preoccupation with food

4.4.3. Body Image issues after insulin therapy

5. Age and Gender most likely to occur in

5.1. Adolescents and young women

6. Treatment

6.1. Getting back to healthy weight

6.1.1. Stabilising health issues Medical Treatment Hospitalisation

6.2. Starting to eat more food

6.2.1. Healthy eating and proper nutrition Meal planning Nutitional counselling

6.3. Changing how you think about food

6.3.1. Identify negative thoughts and feelings Learn how to deal with difficult emotions Counselling

6.4. Admitting that there is a problem

6.4.1. Talk to someone Stay away from things that relate to body image Seek professional help

7. Strategies for Detection

7.1. 2 types of Anorexia

7.1.1. Restricting Low Calorie Count Eating only one meal a day Obsessive/ Rigid Eating Rules

7.1.2. Purging Vomiting or Diarrhea Using diet pills, laxatives, diuretic Throwing up after eating Compulsive Exercising

7.2. Food Behaviour

7.2.1. Dieting

7.2.2. Obsession with calories

7.2.3. Pretending to eat or lying

7.2.4. Preoccupation with food

7.2.5. Strange food rituals

7.2.6. Avoidance of social situations involving food

7.2.7. Denial of hunger

7.3. Appearance and Body Image

7.3.1. Dramatic weight loss

7.3.2. Feeling fat despite being underweight

7.3.3. Obsessed with body image

7.3.4. Critical of self appearance

7.3.5. Denial of being too thin

8. Social Implications

8.1. Culture and values about being thin

8.1.1. Media/TV Images of "Perfect Body" Celebreties

8.1.2. Valuing people according to appearance

8.1.3. Family Over controlling parents Pressure Troubled family relationships Divorce/separation

8.1.4. Stressful Life events Break ups Puberty Leaving home Sexual and physical abuse

8.1.5. Society Low socioeconomic Less resources Homosexual community

8.2. Pressures to succeed

8.3. Professions relating to body image/types

8.3.1. Fitness Instructor

8.3.2. Models/TV Person/Celebreties

8.4. Peer Pressure

8.4.1. Being bullied

8.5. Isolation/lonliness

9. Ethical Implications

9.1. Disorder controlled by the individual

9.2. Refusal of treatment

9.2.1. Force feeding Unethical

9.3. Severity of the symptoms

9.3.1. When or when not to treat?

10. Patient Profile: Health 4 Life