Digital Journalism

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Digital Journalism by Mind Map: Digital Journalism

1. New forms of Journalism

1.1. Data Journalism

1.1.1. The Data Journalism Handbook

1.1.2. Web scraping Twitter Scraping Floating Sheep Maps Wikipedia edits Data Driven Documents Data Maps Geolocate IP addresses Wikipedia Recent Changes feed The whole mashup on Github Wikistream Wikipedia edits create ambient music You could design a survey or create a program that surveys the available data WGET Is it legal

1.1.3. DIRT Directory

1.1.4. Challenges to Data Journalism

1.1.5. Geodata Geotaged maps Geofeedia Banjo Map of Racial distribution 2010 US Census Creating Google Maps Global Information Systems Nominatim Open source mapping RiskMap

1.1.6. Learn how School of Data Data for Dummies Yahoo Pipes Coding for Data Journalists Code Academy

1.1.7. Exemplars 13 Projects Pew Research Enter Fact Tank Worldometers Google Trends @gccaedits PanamaLeaks WikiLeaks searchable CJFE Snowden Archive

1.1.8. Data Sets Quandl Public Use Data Sets Canadian Office of the Conflict of Interest and Ethics Commissioner--Public Registry Alexa Twitter data base archive Census Data for Brandon Search for *.csv Salaries Electoral results DocumentCloud

1.1.9. Data Journalism Glossary

1.1.10. Content Curation Bakker, P. (2014). Mr. Gates Returns: Curation, community management and other new roles for journalists. Journalism Studies, 15(5), 596–606. many journalists are now more “harvesters”, “managers” and “curators” of information rather than producers of news

1.1.11. Data Visualization

1.1.12. How much data is produced every minute?

1.1.13. Sensor journalism A typology of sensor journalism

1.1.14. Google Fusion Tables

1.2. Citizen Journalism

1.2.1. Participatory Journalism Audience participation personal blogs Independent news and information websites Drudge Report Consumer Reports Reporters Without Borders Full fledged participatory newsites Digital Journal Wiki journalism Collaborative and contributory sites Slashdot Reddit Steemit Thin media newsletters email lists Google groups listservs Personal Broadcasting sites Community radio Blogtalk Radio Ustream Newsletters Zencastr Radio Activists' Guide to Archiving Video Backpack Journalism

1.2.2. Hacker Journalism Guerrilla Journalism Tallin Manual on the Internationlal Law Applicable to Cyber Warefare Activist/Journalist OWS Idlenomore AdBusters Hacktivism Hactivism vs Hacking Anonymous Coleman, G. (2014). Hacker, Hoaxer, Whistleblower, Spy: The Many Faces of Anonymous (1 edition). Verso. Teach yourself Code Academy W3Schools

1.2.3. Hyper local Journalism Metzgar, E. T., Kurpius, D. D., & Rowley, K. M. (2011). Defining hyperlocal media: Proposing a framework for discussion. New Media & Society, 1461444810385095. Hyperlocal media operations are geographically-based, community-oriented, original-newsreporting organizations indigenous to the web and intended to fill perceived gaps in coverage of an issue or region and to promote civic engagement.

1.2.4. Advocacy journalism All journalism may be considered advocacy. Considered on a continuum from subtle to overt. Social Marketing Adversarial journalism or sleazy opportunism

1.2.5. Indentities The Nonchalant, Self-fulfillment Seeker The Watchdog’s Watchdog Passionate Pro-hopeful

1.2.6. Gonzo Journalism NeoGonzo Journalism PandoDaily Hunter S. Thompson

1.3. Offshore (Stateless) Journalism

1.3.1. Placeless No newsroom, medium, country, or region Digital first, mobile first Process Journalism Aggregate, filter, distribute Ambient journalism examples Intercept Offshore Journalism Project Crisis reporting Wikileaks Jobless Precarity

1.3.2. As opposed to universalist understanding periphery/core The field Newsroom Identified roles journalist editor fact checker photographer Champion of democracy Stable core of elements, standards, and values Consumed with boundary work

1.4. Immersive Journalism

1.4.1. Storybench

1.4.2. Second Life

1.4.3. PhotoJournalism Flickr Instagram Snapchat yFrog Vine Picassa Creative Commons Steganography and WaterMarking OpenPuff Free Stock photos Iconic Photographs Periscope Drone Journalism

2. Skills, Tools and Applications

2.1. Digital Writing tools

2.1.1. Anonymouth

2.1.2. More digital journo tools Robin Goods tool list List of 75 Tools


2.2. Wiki monitoring code

2.3. Coding

2.3.1. W3SChools

2.4. QDASA

2.4.1. Voyant

2.4.2. Atlas.ti

2.5. Tools

2.5.1. Data visualization Google Fusion Tables create a map with fusion tables Tableau Public Infogram Ngram Viewer 30 tools for data visualization Animated infographic info-graphic generator Mapbox Googles Data GIF tool

2.5.2. Social Media

2.5.3. Collaborative documents Anonymous PasteBin ZeroBin CryptBin Riseup etherpad Others WikiMedia Etherpad Cryptopad

2.5.4. Video Video annotation quickQuote YouTube KeepVid

2.5.5. Photo and video verification Retro-photos Bellingcat

2.5.6. Nuix

2.5.7. Text verification NewsDifs

2.5.8. Audio Podcasting Vocarro Audacity Skype Speech to text

2.6. Tutorials

2.6.1. Poynter tool tutorials

2.6.2. Micha Lee, The Intercept

2.6.3. Make a Bot

2.7. Curation

2.7.1. Wakelet

2.8. Verification

2.8.1. FirstDraft

2.8.2. Hoaxy Visualize the spread of information on Twitter

3. Epistemology

3.1. Theories of Digital Journalism

3.1.1. Normative Concerned with what journalism ought to be and how journalists should do their jobs. Prescriptive low level of theoretical complexity

3.1.2. Empirical examining the form, content and effects of journalism. Middle range theories like Whites gatekeeper theory.

3.1.3. Constructivist Schudson's four approaches to the sociology of the news The economic organization of the news the political context of news making The social organization of news work cultural approaches

3.1.4. New Wave The Digital era Global comparison Disolution of borders No coherent theoretical perspective

3.1.5. Dichotomies Technological Determinism Trolley Problem a society's technology determines the development of its social structure and cultural values. Social Shaping of Technology technologies do not determine; rather, they operate and are operated upon, in a complex social field. technological innovations are born within a social context.

3.1.6. Andrew Feenberg Ten paradoxes of Technology 1. The paradox of the parts and the whole 2. The paradox of the obvious 3. Paradox of the origin 4. The paradox of the frame. 5. The paradox of action. 6. The paradox of the means. 7. The paradox of complexity. 8. The paradox of value and fact 9. The democratic paradox 10. The paradox of conquest. Critical Theory of Communication Technology

3.2. The Epistemological Lifeboat

3.2.1. Perspectives Sociology History philosopy Language cultural analysis Political science Economics law technology

4. Practices

4.1. Digital outlets

4.1.1. Vox

4.1.2. Intercept

4.1.3. PandoDaily

4.1.4. FiveThirtyEight

4.1.5. The Upshot


4.1.7. The Marshall Project

4.2. Schools

4.2.1. TOW Center for Digital Journalism

4.2.2. Poynter

4.2.3. Canada University of Regina May give you credit for this course Ryerson Recent student project Simon Fraser New Media Journalism Certificate

4.2.4. Knight MOOCS

4.2.5. Do Journalists need a degree? How will jschools need to change? Journalism of, by and for the Elite Egalitarian myth no formal training or licensing Judith Miller

4.2.6. Google News Lab Courses Tools

4.3. Self care for journalists

4.4. Infosec

4.4.1. Tor Maybe not so much

4.4.2. Invisible Internet Project

4.4.3. Freenet

4.4.4. Guide to Anonymity Online

4.4.5. Cryptoparty

4.4.6. Encrypted services ProtonMail Signal Ephemeral messaging One time notes WhatsApp Wickr Cryptocat

4.4.7. EFF Teaching Guide to Security Education

4.4.8. Wired Guide to Digital Security

5. Principles

5.1. Ethics

5.1.1. Who is protected Who is obligated

5.1.2. Copyright CJFE Digital Millennium Copyright Act Digital locks on applications Safe harbour To prevent "piracy" Take down notices Limitations of Copyright law Fair use EFF Copyright In Canada Journalists work is protected. The publisher owns it but the author must give permission for use 50 years Bell Coalition Service providers want extra-judicial powers to limit losses due to piracy Canada already has adequate anti-piracy provisions in copyright law

5.1.3. Censorship Government "The trouble with fighting for human freedom is that one spends most of one's time defending scoundrels. For it is against scoundrels that oppressive laws are first aimed, and oppression must be stopped at the beginning if it is to be stopped at all." H L Mencken Corporate Facebook, Twitter, Google Censorship is more dangerous than the censored material Manipulation of social media data Cambridge Analytica

5.1.4. Michael Geist Tech Law specialist Privacy Copyright Net neutrallity Surveillance

5.1.5. Many ethical issues are similar to legacy journalism

5.1.6. Authentication and Verification OSINT Poynter - using hacked material ill-gotten information false flags public interest ethics test Press bot ethics

5.1.7. Permissions Case of a Twitter feed Fox News tried to get permission to use. Denied! Chase producer Tracks down sources and gets them ready for interview

6. BU 30-240 Digital Journalism Syllabus

6.1. Class 1

6.1.1. Introduction to the principles and practices of digital journalism. Although the medium has changed dramatically, many of the traditional principles and practices of journalism still apply. Journalists must still be fair and accurate, think critically, protect sources, write effectively, inform the public and support the democratic process. Some older practices and strategies have been abandoned as new media applications have become available and as new economic realities have emerged. The class will survey the major changes and examine forecasts of changes yet to come. “How digital is digital journalism?” A familiar saying asserts that a person need not be an electrical engineer to turn on the lights. Digital platforms and services have developed to the point that digital journalists need not be computer programmers or web designers. Having those skills is an advantage in journalism as it is in many other areas of the digital humanities. but not a requisite. What is more important is an appreciation of the basic principles of computing and data analysis, as journalists interpret the world for their audience. Students will use and critically analyze a range of applications and practices common to the field of digital journalism

6.1.2. Why study Digital Journalism Liberal Arts mandate Use established academic methods to examine social phenomena. Develop and maintain a body of knowledge, episemology

6.2. Class 2

6.2.1. Basics of Journalistic writing ABC W5 News Values Verification Confidentiality of sources

6.2.2. Applications and practices Blogger

6.3. Class 3

6.3.1. Academic study of most disciplines is guided by the use of theoretical frameworks. This class will consider theories and models presented in works as varied as McLuhan’s (1965) Understanding Media;Herman and Chomksy’s(2001) Manufacturing Consent ; Shirky’s,(2008) Here Comes Everybody;McNair’s (2013) The Rise of the Fifth Estate. Other theories will be compared and contrasted. Steenman

6.3.2. Applications and Practices Concept mapping with mindmeister Google Docs

6.4. Class 4

6.4.1. Propaganda theory

6.4.2. Applications and Practices Zotero Storify Wikipedia WikiTribune Steemit W3Schools

6.5. Class 5

6.5.1. What is a journalist? Legacy Post-industrial AI Newsbots

6.5.2. Applications Google calendar annotation Skype

6.6. Class 6

6.6.1. Future of News Social media and the Overton Window.

6.6.2. Podcasting Audacity Internet Archive

6.7. Class 7

6.7.1. Digital Audio and Broadcast Journalism

6.7.2. Tech Audacity Internet Archive SoundCloud Screamer Radio Anchor

6.8. Class 8 Data Visualization

6.8.1. Geo-spatial data systems Google Maps Google Earth

6.8.2. Timelines

6.9. Class 9:

6.9.1. Ethics, codes of practice and the law

6.10. Class 10:

6.10.1. Secure communications Tor ProtonMail Cryptocat Signal

6.11. Class 11

6.11.1. Forms of Digital Journalism

6.11.2. Where to from here

7. Environments

7.1. Born Digital

7.1.1. Mobile iPhone Augmented Reality SMS Personal Archiving and Retrieving system (PARIS) Indexing geotagged pics

7.1.2. Terms Practices Astroturf Process Journalism Churnalism Veal pen Advertorial portmanteau agitprop samizdat People Griefers hackers lurkers Spin doctors Catfish Trolls Astroturfers

7.1.3. The epic clash Riptide

7.1.4. Curation

7.1.5. Augmented reality

7.1.6. Collaborative writing Google Docs Paste Bin Etherpad Framapad (French) Little Outliner Firepad

7.2. Web Applications

7.2.1. Google Reader Maps Google Docs Gmail Calendar Ngram Google Plus Google Media Tools Search Analytics

7.2.2. Web Video YouTube SnapChat DTube De-centrralized, runs on Steem

7.2.3. Streaming UStream LiveStream Google HangOuts On Air Google Connect Facebook Live Twitter Periscope Snapchat

7.2.4. eNewsletters Storify (defunkt) Wakelet NoozDesk

7.2.5. Social networking Zotero Facebook emotional Contagation theory Reddit Twitter Twitter search operators Tweetzup Storify Custom Timelines GeoChirp ZunZuneo USAID Subversive Weaponized social media

7.2.6. VOIP Google Voice Skype

7.2.7. Web pages Wikis Wikispaces PBWiki Google Sites WetPaint Mediawiki What is the difference between a blog and a wiki? Blogs Wordpress Blogger Twitter Tumblr Medium Steemit Interactive web pages Weebly Wix Disqus Slack Free HTML editor Ephemeral Brutally simple

7.2.8. Visualizations Chartbuilder Map a List ChartsBin Better World Flux Mindmeister Infogram Gapminder School of Data US Government such down visuallization. Periodic table of visualization tools Wikipedia edits in ambient music and visualization IBM News Explorer Image Hotspots H5P

7.2.9. RSS Aggregators Reader Feedly Roll your own Yahoo Pipes Spundge

7.2.10. Data collection Online survey tools LimeSurvey Survey Monkey Google Docs Google Consumer Surveys Google Trends Obtaining evidence

7.2.11. Security Cryptocat TruCrypt Now Veracrypt SecureDrop Aaron Schwartz Phone and text Signal WhatsApp Telegram Secure email ProtonMail

7.2.12. Search Google Besides Google DuckDuckGo Anewstip

7.2.13. Audio Podcasting SoundCloud Internet Archive Recording Vocaroo H5P AudioRecorder Editing Audacity Speech to text