Due to..., travel patterns of bats across Africa, weather patterns in the region, + other factors
The virus causing this outbreak is the deadliest type of Ebola virus.
West Africa, Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Until now, none of these three West African countries had ever experienced an Ebola outbreak.
Through contact of bodily fluids (including semen)
=The time from the moment of inoculation (exposure) to the development of the clinical manifestations (symptoms and signs) of a particular infectious disease.
Between 2 and 21 days
Day 1, Ebola is attacking immune system, wiping out T-lymphocyte cells, Patient is now infectious himself, Symptoms, No appetite, head is aching, throat is sore, slightly feverish
Next 2 to 7 days, Symptoms, Body aches all over, chronic abdominal pain, fever intensifies, vomitting and diarrhoea
Crisis Point: Symptoms will either gradually recede or will progress to “cytokine storm”, Recovery, Cytokine Storm, =Convulsion of ravaged immune system that will plunge patient into the terminal phase of Ebola virus disease known as haemorrhagic fever, Releases inflammatory molecules into circulatory system; immune system attacks every organ in body, Tiny blood vessels burst everywhere and patient begins slowly to bleed to death, Death
Giving patient support
Keeping patient cool to mitigate the effects of the fever
Giving pain relievers
Monitoring oxygen levels & blood pressure
Zaire Ebola, The species that is causing the current outbreak, Deadliest type, Has killed up to 90 percent of those it infected in previous outbreaks