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Ebola by Mind Map: Ebola
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Ebola

Sources

How the Ebola Outbreak Became Deadliest in History

What Happens to Your Body When You Get Ebola?

Ten Things You Really Should Know About Ebola

2014 Outbreak

This is the biggest and deadliest outbreak so far

Why has it grown so large? Why now?

Due to..., travel patterns of bats across Africa, weather patterns in the region, + other factors

Why is this outbreak so severe?

The virus causing this outbreak is the deadliest type of Ebola virus.

Where Is it Happening?

West Africa, Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Until now, none of these three West African countries had ever experienced an Ebola outbreak.

Course of Disease

Initial infection

Through contact of bodily fluids (including semen)

Incubation period

=The time from the moment of inoculation (exposure) to the development of the clinical manifestations (symptoms and signs) of a particular infectious disease.

Between 2 and 21 days

Actual disease

Day 1, Ebola is attacking immune system, wiping out T-lymphocyte cells, Patient is now infectious himself, Symptoms, No appetite, head is aching, throat is sore, slightly feverish

Next 2 to 7 days, Symptoms, Body aches all over, chronic abdominal pain, fever intensifies, vomitting and diarrhoea

Crisis Point: Symptoms will either gradually recede or will progress to “cytokine storm”, Recovery, Cytokine Storm, =Convulsion of ravaged immune system that will plunge patient into the terminal phase of Ebola virus disease known as haemorrhagic fever, Releases inflammatory molecules into circulatory system; immune system attacks every organ in body, Tiny blood vessels burst everywhere and patient begins slowly to bleed to death, Death

Treatment

There is currently no vaxine against EVD.

There is currently no cure for EVD.

Current treatments and therapies

Giving patient support

Preventing dehydration

Keeping patient cool to mitigate the effects of the fever

Giving pain relievers

Monitoring oxygen levels & blood pressure

Some Facts

Ebola virus disease (EVD) is an acute viral illness that is caused by three of the five species within the Ebolavirus genus.

Zaire Ebola, The species that is causing the current outbreak, Deadliest type, Has killed up to 90 percent of those it infected in previous outbreaks

Ebola virus was discovered in 1976.

In the 24 Ebola virus outbreaks prior to the present one, a cumulative total of 1,590 people, two-thirds of all cases, have died.

The virus can be sexually transmitted, especially by man, up to 40 days after recovery

Ebola virus is about as infectious as influenza or very slightly more so – each infected person will probably infect two to four others.