Some facts on cancer. Cancer is the leading cause of death in Austraila more than 43,000 people are expected to die from cancer in 2010. An estimated 114,000 new cases will be diagnosed in Australia in 2010 1 in 2 men will be diagnosed with cancer before they are 85. 1 in 3 women will be diagnosed with cancer berfoe they are 85. More than 60% of patients will survive more than five years. Cancer cost $3.8 billion in direct health system costs. $378 million was spent on cancer research in 2000-01, 22% of all health research expenditure in Australia.