ACES: Animals in Curriculum Based Ecosystems

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ACES: Animals in Curriculum Based Ecosystems by Mind Map: ACES: Animals in Curriculum Based Ecosystems

1. Student Lessons

1.1. Ecosystems

1.1.1. Water Open Ocean Deep Sea Polar Sea

1.1.2. Coral reef

1.1.3. Forests Kelp Mangrove

1.1.4. Rocky Shore

1.1.5. Salt Marsh

1.1.6. National Marine Sanctuaries

1.2. Ocean Through Time

1.2.1. Provides food 1700-1800 Seaweed used as fertilizer in Ireland to grow fertilizer

1.2.2. Provides Products 100 BCE Greeks use seaweed as medicine

1.2.3. Recreation 1975 Jaws hits the box office

1.2.4. Trade and navigation 1914 Panama Canal conencts Atlantic and Pacific Oceans completed

1.2.5. Scientific Exploration & Research 1837 Diving suit is redesigned

1.2.6. National Security 1941 Attack of Pearl Harbor

1.2.7. Ecosystem Protection & Management 1972 National Marine Sanctauries Act established

1.3. Humans & The Ocean

1.3.1. Human Impacts Run-off and Phytoplankton Phytoplankton Blooms Eutrophication Upstream Impacts Point Source Pollution Non-Point Source Pollution

1.3.2. Timeline Analysis Recognize the value of ocean

1.4. Bathymetry

1.4.1. Ocean floor is mapped by depth

1.4.2. Students create model

1.4.3. Students analyze bathymetry imagery

1.4.4. Students relate bathymetry to animal movement

1.5. Seasons

1.5.1. Solar intensity changes Tilt of Earth

1.5.2. NOTHING to do with distance from sun

1.5.3. Students label model of earth's revolution around Sun

1.6. Sea Surface Temperature

1.6.1. Students interpret SST imagery Isotherms Currents Warm Cold Prevailing Winds Gyres

1.6.2. Heat is transfered in Oceans

1.6.3. Stored heat in Ocean makes life hospitable

1.7. Deep Ocean Environment

1.7.1. Pressure Increases with Depth

1.7.2. Temperature Decreases with Depth

1.7.3. Light Decreases with Depth

1.7.4. Submersibles allow research

1.7.5. Animals require adaptations

1.8. Photosynthesis

1.8.1. Phytoplankton Major source of oxygen in atmsophere Producer Found in photic zone

1.8.2. Requires Carbon dioxide Sunlight affected by solar intensity & season Nutrients Chlorophyll Analyze Chlorophyll Concentration imagery Water Enzymes

1.8.3. Products Oxygen Glucose - sugar Water Used by Consumers

1.9. Biodiversity

1.9.1. Cells Plant cell Examples Cell wall Chloroplasts Animal cell

1.9.2. Groups Fungus Protists True Bacteria Plants Animals

1.9.3. Adaptations Lucky Gene Enhance Survival Enhance Reproductive Success Behavioral Adaptations How organisms move, repsond to danger How organisms get energy, reproduce Structural Adaptations Body structures

1.9.4. Food webs Producers Consumers

1.10. Animal Tracking

1.10.1. Related to Needs Water Temperature Upwellings Dissolved Oxygen Food source Phytoplankton Imagery

1.11. Watersheds

1.11.1. Topographic Maps Contour Lines

1.11.2. All land is connected to oceans

1.11.3. Local Water Sampling Project Turbidity Elements Nitrogen Phosphorus pH Temperature Dissolved Oxygen Measurements

1.11.4. Ocean is salty due to run-off from land!

1.12. Tides

1.12.1. Spring Tides

1.12.2. Neap Tides

1.12.3. Marine animal Reproduction Sea turtles eggs on beaches

2. Student Expert Research

2.1. Learning to Research

2.1.1. Introduce to ACES Website

2.1.2. Using Search Engines

2.1.3. Animals & Issues

2.2. Split class into 4 Expert Groups

2.2.1. Species - Marine Experts Chart Research for Wall Display Habitat Food Obstacles for Survival Adaptations Consider each stage of Life Cycle

2.2.2. Bathymetry Experts Chart Research for Wall Display Define Normal Habitat Effect of Changes in Continental Shelf Migrating Patterns - Ocean depth

2.2.3. Phytoplankton Experts Analyze Chlorophyll Imagery Consider Seasonal Changes Coast versus Open Ocean El Nino anomolies

2.2.4. Sea Surface Temperature Experts Analyze Sea Surface Temperature Imagery Consider Seasonal Changes Consider Currents Identify Eddies Consider Winds Consider Sea Heights

3. Student Expert Analysis

3.1. Wall Display

3.1.1. Shared observations

3.2. Student Journals

3.2.1. On-line at ACES website

3.2.2. Write at least every week or two

3.2.3. Observations Data from maps Supporting Images

3.2.4. Justifications Analysis from data Opinions supported by evidence

3.2.5. May be read by scientists

3.3. Marine Species Expert

3.3.1. Report on Movement of Animal

3.3.2. Resource for other Expert Groups

3.4. Bathymetry Expert

3.4.1. Investigate how bathymetry affects movements

3.4.2. Investigate how coastlines affect movements

3.5. Phytoplankton Expert

3.5.1. Investigate how concentration affects movements

3.6. Sea Surface Expert

3.6.1. Investigate how characteristics of sea affect movements

4. Investigations

4.1. Real World Applications of ACES

4.2. Opportunity to Debate Issues

4.2.1. Endangered Species Protection Black Footed Albatross Sea Turtles

4.3. Develop a Sense of Stewardship

4.4. Currently in development