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ACES: Animals in Curriculum Based Ecosystems by Mind Map: ACES: Animals in Curriculum Based Ecosystems
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ACES: Animals in Curriculum Based Ecosystems

Student Lessons


Water, Open Ocean, Deep Sea, Polar Sea

Coral reef

Forests, Kelp, Mangrove

Rocky Shore

Salt Marsh

National Marine Sanctuaries

Ocean Through Time

Provides food, 1700-1800 Seaweed used as fertilizer in Ireland to grow fertilizer

Provides Products, 100 BCE Greeks use seaweed as medicine

Recreation, 1975 Jaws hits the box office

Trade and navigation, 1914 Panama Canal conencts Atlantic and Pacific Oceans completed

Scientific Exploration & Research, 1837 Diving suit is redesigned

National Security, 1941 Attack of Pearl Harbor

Ecosystem Protection & Management, 1972 National Marine Sanctauries Act established

Humans & The Ocean

Human Impacts, Run-off and Phytoplankton, Phytoplankton Blooms, Eutrophication, Upstream Impacts, Point Source Pollution, Non-Point Source Pollution

Timeline Analysis, Recognize the value of ocean


Ocean floor is mapped by depth

Students create model

Students analyze bathymetry imagery

Students relate bathymetry to animal movement


Solar intensity changes, Tilt of Earth

NOTHING to do with distance from sun

Students label model of earth's revolution around Sun

Sea Surface Temperature

Students interpret SST imagery, Isotherms, Currents, Warm, Cold, Prevailing Winds, Gyres

Heat is transfered in Oceans

Stored heat in Ocean makes life hospitable

Deep Ocean Environment

Pressure Increases with Depth

Temperature Decreases with Depth

Light Decreases with Depth

Submersibles allow research

Animals require adaptations


Phytoplankton, Major source of oxygen in atmsophere, Producer, Found in photic zone

Requires, Carbon dioxide, Sunlight, affected by solar intensity & season, Nutrients, Chlorophyll, Analyze Chlorophyll Concentration imagery, Water, Enzymes

Products, Oxygen, Glucose - sugar, Water, Used by Consumers


Cells, Plant cell, Examples, Diatoms, Cyanobacteria, Cell wall, Chloroplasts, Animal cell

Groups, Fungus, Protists, True Bacteria, Plants, Animals

Adaptations, Lucky Gene, Enhance Survival, Enhance Reproductive Success, Behavioral Adaptations, How organisms move, repsond to danger, How organisms get energy, reproduce, Structural Adaptations, Body structures, Spines on a diatom, Clear cell walls

Food webs, Producers, Consumers

Animal Tracking

Related to Needs, Water Temperature, Upwellings, Winds, Currents, Eddies, Bathymetry, Dissolved Oxygen, Food source, Phytoplankton Imagery, Eddies


Topographic Maps, Contour Lines

All land is connected to oceans

Local Water Sampling Project, Turbidity, Elements, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, pH, Temperature, Dissolved Oxygen, Measurements

Ocean is salty due to run-off from land!


Spring Tides

Neap Tides

Marine animal Reproduction, Sea turtles eggs on beaches

Student Expert Research

Learning to Research

Introduce to ACES Website

Using Search Engines

Animals & Issues

Split class into 4 Expert Groups

Species - Marine Experts, Chart Research for Wall Display, Habitat, Food, Obstacles for Survival, Adaptations, Consider each stage of Life Cycle

Bathymetry Experts, Chart Research for Wall Display, Define Normal Habitat, Effect of Changes in Continental Shelf, Migrating Patterns - Ocean depth

Phytoplankton Experts, Analyze Chlorophyll Imagery, Consider Seasonal Changes, Coast versus Open Ocean, El Nino anomolies

Sea Surface Temperature Experts, Analyze Sea Surface Temperature Imagery, Consider Seasonal Changes, Identify Ice, Consider Currents, Warm, Gulf Stream, Cold, California Current, Idenitify Gyres, Identify Eddies, Cold Core, Warm Core, Consider Winds, Consider Sea Heights

Student Expert Analysis

Wall Display

Shared observations

Student Journals

On-line at ACES website

Write at least every week or two

Observations, Data from maps, Supporting Images

Justifications, Analysis from data, Opinions supported by evidence

May be read by scientists

Marine Species Expert

Report on Movement of Animal

Resource for other Expert Groups

Bathymetry Expert

Investigate how bathymetry affects movements

Investigate how coastlines affect movements

Phytoplankton Expert

Investigate how concentration affects movements

Sea Surface Expert

Investigate how characteristics of sea affect movements


Real World Applications of ACES

Opportunity to Debate Issues

Endangered Species Protection, Black Footed Albatross, Sea Turtles

Develop a Sense of Stewardship

Currently in development