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Ocean Literacy by Mind Map: Ocean Literacy
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Ocean Literacy

The Earth has one big ocean with many features.

Planet Earth is dominated by the ocean.

covers 70% of Earth, 97% of world's water is in the ocean., sea water versus fresh water differences, salt in the seawater sources

one ocean with many basins, Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Artic, ocean is connected to all major lakes and waterways

ocean's basin varies in size, shape, and features.

islands, trenches, ridges

Earth's highest peaks and deepest valleys are in the ocean.

lithosheric plates affect the ocean basin

ocean has interconnected circulation system which is affected by numerous factors



Earth's rotation

ocean basin and its connecting land

Sea level

definition (average height of ocean relative to the land)

affected by tides

changes with plate tectonics

changes as ice caps melt or grow

changes as oceanwater warms and cools

Ocean is extremely important in the water cycle.

evaporation of ocean

precipitation processes

The ocean shapes the features of the Earth.

It is responsible for numerous geochemical cycles.

It has changed over time thus changing the surface of land.

through erosion

definition (wearing away of rock and soil from wind, waves, ocean currents)

results in sand

It affects landforms of the coast.

influenced by tectonic activity

sea level changes

The ocean has a major influence on weather and climate.

ocean dominates Earth's energy, water

affects climate through absorbing heat

affects climate through storing heat

affects climate through moving heat and water

ocean absorbs much solar heat




carbon cyle

CO2 added to atmosphere

ocean circulation changes can cause abrupt changes in climate

Earth is habitable because of the ocean.

Most of the O2 originally came from organisms in the ocean.

First life likely started in the ocean.

The ocean is home to a variety of organisms.

diverse ecosystems

most living space on Earth is in the ocean

more diversity among organisms in ocean than on Earth

many ecosystems in ocean that are independant of sun's energy, hydrothermal vents, methane cold seeps, hot springs

ocean life varies from very small viruses to very large blue whales

most ocean life exists as microbes- primary producers

adaptations and relationships among these oceanic organisms, symbiosis, predator/prey

factors affect diversity of organisms




National Marine Sanctuaries are used to protect and preserve oceanic organisms.

ocean habitats are defined by environmental factors thus leaving it "patchy"






The ocean and humans are inextricably interconnected.

ocean supplies water, 02, moderates the climate, weather

foods, medicines, minerals, energy resources all come from the ocean

leads to jobs to support our economy

much of world's population lives in coastal areas

these lives are affected directly by the ocean, tsunamis, hurricanes, cyclones, storm surges

humans affect the ocean in a variety of positive and negative ways

physical modifications


National Marine Sanctuaries

we must sustain the ocean

ocean is a source for inspiration, recreation, discovery

The ocean is largely unexplored.

less than 5% of the ocean has been explored

New technologies, sensors, tools are expanding our ability to explore the ocean.

Inquiry and study are necessary to have with your curiousity to understand the ocean more fully.

future sustainability of ocean resources is directly related to our understanding of those resources

use of mathematical models is an essential part of ocean sciences

ocean exploration is truly interdisciplinary





computer programmers


ACES Signals of Spring curriculum guide as an aid in classroom studies of ocean literacy.

classroom activities


cell structures


data analysis


use of ACES website for satellite imagery

task focuses, bathymetry, marine species, sea surface, chlorophyll

inquiry based instruction

analysis, observe animal movements with satellite imagery, create justifications with online journaling

investigations, work as "investigators" in real world problems, interpret results, students can achieve to the highest level they are capable of

teaches students an understanding of the ocean's influence on them and their influence on the ocean.

to be "science literate" one must be "ocean literate"

rids students of common misconceptions about science

group projects allow for social interaction thus socially constructing knowledge

today's National Marine Sanctuaries are critical to the ocean and its organisms

we must protect this vast resource