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Biodiversity by Mind Map: Biodiversity

1. Reproduction

1.1. Lytic cycle

1.2. Lysogenic cycle

1.2.1. Becomes part of host's DNA

2. Classifying Organisms

2.1. Taxonomy

2.1.1. Polynomial System Genus name followed by description of organism

2.1.2. Common Classification System Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species

2.1.3. Binomial Nomenclature Genus name followed by species. It also makes up the scientific name of organism

2.1.4. Family Name Genus or Generic name

2.1.5. Personal Name Specific name for organism

2.2. 3 Domains of Life

2.2.1. Bacteria Prokaryotic organisms that are microscopic

2.2.2. Archae Prokaryotic organism

2.2.3. Eukarya Eukaryotic organism

2.3. The Six Kingdoms

2.3.1. Archae Characteristics Prokaryotic Can survive in extreme environments Genetically differs from Eubacteria Types Methanogens Halophiles Thermophiles Psychrophiles

2.3.2. Eubacteria Characteristics Prokaryotic Has ribosomes, flagella, pili, plasmids and cell walls that contain peptidoglycan and a capsule sometimes Shape can be caucus, bacillus, spirilium Can be grouped as diplococcic, streptococci and staphylococci. Types Pathogens Mutualistic Commercial Composition Gram Positive Gram Negative Metabolism Autotrophic Heterotrophic Can be obligate aerobes, facultative anaerobes or obligate anaerobes. Reproduction Binary Fission Conjunction Transformation Endospore formation

2.3.3. Protista Characteristics Heterotrophs Autotrophs Motile First eukaryotes Classification Plant-like Animal-like Fungi-like

2.3.4. Fungi Characteristics Multi cellular Are decomposers Saltines Classification Classified by reproductive structures Structures Hyphae Sporocap Mycelium Divisions Cytridiomycota Zygomycota Ascomycota Basidiomycota

2.3.5. Plantae Characteristics Eukaryotic Multicellular Undergo photosynthesis Contain cellulose in cell wall Develop embryos from tissue of plant Vascular Plants Have conducting tissue can grow taller due to conducting tissue 2 Main groups Non-Vascular plants Limit to size (max 20 cm) Have no true roots, stems, leaves or specialized tissue Grow on dense mats in moist conditions Asexual and sexual reproduction 5 Major Phyla Green Algae Bryophytes Lycophytes / Pterophytes Gymnosperms Angiosprem Life cycle: Alternation of generations Gametophyte generation Sporophyte generation

2.3.6. Animalia Characteristics Eukaryotic Lacks cell wall Multicellular Heterotrophs Motile Blastula during embryological development Vertebrates Have backbone Invertabrates Lack backbone Symmetry Assymmetrical Radial Bilateral Phylums Porifera Cnidaria Annelida Arthropoda Mullusca Platyheiminthes Nemataods Chordates Echinodermata Deuterosome Anus develops first If cell is removed at early development, it will not impact individual Protosome Mouth develops first

3. Biodiversity: Variety of life in the world

4. Genetic diversity: different genes are present in a species

5. Ecosystem diversity: range and variety of habitats with different organisms living in them.

6. Species diversity: Variety of species in a given area

7. Viruses

7.1. Contain DNA, protection protein coat

7.2. Tranmittions

7.2.1. Physical contact, coughing, sneezing, contaminated surfaces

7.3. Virons-abnormalities caused by abnormalities of host