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Plato by Mind Map: Plato
5.0 stars - 1 reviews range from 0 to 5

Plato

The Cave

Prisoners

Tied up

Facing wall

Watching the shadows, Created by fire and puppets

Hearing echos

One is set free, experiences world of reality, Goes back in, others threaten to kill him, Allegory of Socrates

Inside

World of illusion, Where us humans are stuck

Outside

World of reality, Philosophy provides enlightenment to get you out

The Forms

World of Forms is outside the cave

The Sun: Form of the Good

Most important

Necessary for existance

Highest form, source of all others

Characteristics

Each Form is the perfect example of the imperfect copies in the world

Unchanging

Immortal

Outside the world

Souls are aware of the Forms, philosophy has to be used to unlock their knowledge

Hierachy:, Good, Beauty, Justice, Truth

Criticisms

No evidence of Forms

How do you account for the multitude of variations in species and objects?

Cave is an unrealistic analogy. Is the point just as unrealistic?

Aristotle's Third Man argument (p.11)