What is a Stakeholder? Meaning and definitions

What is a Stakeholder? There are many definitions of 'stakeholder' from the broad to very specific. This mindmap picks out the most influential definitions.

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What is a Stakeholder? Meaning and definitions by Mind Map: What is a Stakeholder? Meaning and definitions

1. Nutt, P. and Backoff, R.

1.1. All parties who will be affected by or will affect [the organization's] strategy

2. Freeman, R. E.

2.1. any group or individual who can affect or is affected by the achievement of the organization's objectives

3. Bryson, J.

3.1. Any person group or organization that can place a claim on the organization's attention, resources, or output, or is affected by that output

4. Johnson, G and Scholes, K.

4.1. Those individuals or groups who depend on the organization to fulfill their own goals and on whom, in turn, the organization depends

5. Business Dictionary

5.1. A person, group, or organization that has direct or indirect stake in an organization because it can affect or be affected by the organization's actions, objectives, and policies.


6.1. Parties with an interest in the execution and outcome of a project. They would include business streams affected by or dependent on the outcome.

7. PMI

7.1. Stakeholders are persons or organisations (e.g., customers, sponsors, the performing organization, or the public), who are actively involved in the project or whose interests may be positively or negatively affected by the performance or completion of the project.

8. Oxford

8.1. a person with an interest or concern in something, especially a business.

9. Mirriam-Webster

9.1. 1: a person entrusted with the stakes of bettors 2: one that has a stake in an enterprise 3: one who is involved in or affected by a course of action

10. APMP

10.1. A person or group of people who have a vested interest in the success of an organization and the environment in which the organization operates.

11. Lewis, J.P.

11.1. Anyone who has a vested interest in the project.

12. Rational Unified Process

12.1. An individual who is materially affected by the outcome of the system.

13. Stakeholdermap.com

13.1. A stakeholder is anybody who can affect or is affected by an organisation, strategy or project. They can be internal or external and they can be at senior or junior levels.

13.2. Get Stakeholder Management Templates

14. MSP

14.1. Any individual, group or organization that can affect, be affected by, or perceives itself to be affected by, a programme

15. Wideman, R.M.

15.1. One who has a stake or interest in the outcome of the project.

16. ITIL

16.1. A person who has an interest in an organization, project, IT service etc. Stakeholders may be interested in the activities, targets, resources or deliverables. Stakeholders may include customers, partners, employees, shareholders, owners etc.

17. Cambridge

17.1. a person such as an employee, customer or citizen who is involved with an organization, society, etc. and therefore has responsibilities towards it and an interest in its success

18. Carroll, A & Buchholtz, A.

18.1. A stakeholder is an individual or a group that claims to have one or more stakes in an organization. Stakeholders may affect the organization and, in turn be affected by the organization's actions, policies, practices and decisions.

19. Eden, C and Ackermann, F.

19.1. People or small groups with the power to respond to, negotiate with, and change the strategic future of the organization

20. KEY

20.1. Book (Academic)

20.2. Method or Best Practice

20.3. Dictionary

21. SCRUM.org

21.1. a person external to the Scrum Team with a specific interest in and knowledge of a product that is required for incremental discovery. Represented by the Product Owner and actively engaged with the Scrum Team at Sprint Review.

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