HDI - Human development index, Advantages: gives an overall idea of the actual wealth of a country
GDP, Advantages: Shows the wealth gap, Disadvantages: Doesn't show how the wealth is spread. Takes an average. Unreliable?
West only interested in development of LEDC because it increases their purchasing powers.
Development was seen as a means of increasing the Western "Sphere of influence" as part of the ideological cold war.
eradicate extreme hunger and povery
achieve universal primary education
promote gender equality
reduce child mortality
improve maternal health
Ensure environmental sustainability
Develop a global partnership for development
the problems the goals are trying to reduce have been created by poor governance of the leites in the developing nations who have been engaging in corrupt practices and are more conerned with enriching themselves than improving the lives of their people.
More criteria need to be added to the MDGs such as: protecting human dignity, encouragement of religious tolerance and freedom to participate in political affairs.
reflect a desire to impose Western values and instiutions on developing nations in order to persuade them that the industrial capitalist development path is the best possible route to benefit their people.
fails to consider that Western values may have little cultural meaning in the developing world.
Western models of development generally tend to assume that democratic forms of development are more suitable than communist or socialist models (dismissed as extremist and dangerous).
Evidence that Western agencies (World Bank & IMF) distributed aid in the past on the coniditon that socialist/communist policies were jettisoned., Policies have positive benefits for peeople in developing world such as farmers.