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Water Supply by Mind Map: Water Supply

1. How can we manage water shortage?

1.1. Renewable resources

1.1.1. resources that can be replenished as long as they are not used up as quickly as they are replaced.

1.2. Conserving water

1.2.1. Collect rainwater to water plants

1.2.2. Take showers instead of baths

1.2.3. Only use washing machine with a full load.

2. What is water shortage?

2.1. Water shortage is a situation whereby the supply of water is insufficient to meet the demand of water.

2.2. Both natural and man-made

3. Why is there water shortage?

3.1. Supply factors

3.1.1. Pollution

3.1.2. Climate-Rainfall

3.1.3. Global Distribution of water - LIMITED

3.2. Demand factors

3.2.1. Affluence

3.2.1.1. more uses

3.2.1.2. more money

3.2.1.2.1. Standard of living

3.2.2. Population Growth

3.2.2.1. More uses

3.2.2.1.1. Economic

3.2.2.1.2. domestic

3.2.3. Supply

3.2.3.1. uneven distribution of water

3.2.3.1.1. Limited supply

3.2.3.2. water pollution

3.2.3.2.1. Droughts

3.2.3.2.2. Floods

3.2.3.3. Climate

3.2.3.3.1. Climate change

4. Impact of water shortage

4.1. Domestic

4.1.1. Harder to obtain water

4.1.1.1. Travel long distances

4.1.1.2. Limited amount

4.1.1.3. Expensive

4.1.2. Rationing

4.1.3. Lower standard of living

4.2. Economical

4.2.1. Less groundwater

4.2.2. Agriculture restrictions

4.2.3. Higher cost of industrial productions

4.2.3.1. Manufacturing*

4.2.4. Power being shut down/ restricted

4.2.5. Increase in cost for power & production

4.3. Political

4.3.1. Conflict

4.3.1.1. Local

4.3.1.1.1. e.g. farmers & factory workers

4.3.1.2. Global

4.3.1.2.1. e.g. between countries over water resources

5. 4 National water taps

5.1. Catchment area

5.2. Desalination

5.3. NEWater

5.3.1. Extremely clean

5.3.1.1. UV disinfection

5.3.1.2. Chemicals to restore waters ph balance

5.3.1.3. Microfiltration

5.3.1.3.1. Removes large bacteria particles

5.3.1.4. Reverse Osmosis

5.3.1.4.1. ^

5.4. Imported water

6. Water...

6.1. Vulnerability

6.2. Stress

6.3. Scarcity

6.4. Security

6.5. ^ DIFFERENT LEVELS OF FRESH WATER AVAILABLE

7. Distribution of Earth's water

7.1. Oceans - 96.5%

7.2. Other Salinated water - 0.9%

7.3. Freshwater - 2.5%

7.3.1. Glaciers and Ice caps- 68.7%

7.3.2. Groundwater - 30.1%

7.3.3. Surface & other Freshwater - 1.2%

7.3.3.1. Ground ice and permafrost - 69%

7.3.3.2. Lakes - 20.9%

7.3.3.3. Soil moisture - 3.8%

7.3.3.4. Swamps & marshes - 2.6%

7.3.3.5. Rivers - 0.49%

7.3.3.6. Living things - 0.26

7.3.3.7. Atmosphere - 3%