The Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge

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The Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge by Mind Map: The Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural  Knowledge

1. Foundation date

1.1. Its official foundation date is 28 November 1660, when a group of 12 met at Gresham College after a lecture by Christopher Wren and decided to found 'a Colledge for the Promoting of Physico-Mathematicall Experimentall Learning'.

2. Founders

2.1. The group of founding twelve men included Sir Robert Moray, Robert Boyle, Alexander Bruce, John Wilkins, Christopher Wren, William Petty, William Brouncker.

3. History

3.1. The origins of the Royal Society lie in an 'Invisible college' of natural philosophers who began meeting in the mid-1640s in London. The common theme of those informal weekly meetings was acquiring knowledge by experimental investigation.

4. Motto

4.1. Nullius in verba. The Royal Society's motto 'Nullius in verba' roughly translates as 'take nobody's word for it'.

5. Publishing

5.1. The Society introduced the world's first journal exclusively devoted to science in 1665, Philosophical Transactions.

6. Honours

6.1. The Royal Society presents numerous awards, lectures and medals to recognise scientific achievement.

6.1.1. The Copley Medal is the highest award from the Royal Society of London.

6.1.2. Gabor Medal is awarded for interdisciplinary work between the life sciences with other disciplines.

6.1.3. Michael Faraday Prize is made for excellence in communicating science to UK audiences.

6.1.4. Darwin Medal is awarded for work of acknowledged distinction in evolution, population biology, organismal biology and biological diversity.

7. Royal Charter

7.1. The first Royal Charter was signed on 15 July 1662 which created the "Royal Society of London". The second Royal Charter was signed on 23 April 1663, with the King noted as the Founder and with the name of "the Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge"

8. The first President

8.1. William Brouncker ( 1620 - 1684 )

9. Accommodation

9.1. The Society found accommodation at Gresham College.

10. Fellows

10.1. The Society's core members are the Fellows. Fellows of the Royal Society are elected to the Royal Society by their peers who consider them to have made "a substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge including mathematics, engineering science and medical science".

11. The official website


12. Sourses:

12.1. Лондонское королевское общество

12.2. The History of Royal Society. History

12.3. Royal Society of London: Wikis

12.4. Royal Society