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1. TIPS to use Mind Map

1.1. NOTES - Click on icon to read notes. If the note is long, scroll up and down or sideways.

1.2. ATTACHMENT - Click on icon for image preview. Click on the image to view enlarged image.

1.3. EXTERNAL LINK - Click on the arrow icon to visit an external website

2. Lok Adalat

3. Judicial Activism

3.1. Meaning

3.2. PIL

3.3. Consequences

4. Removals

5. Appointments

5.1. Chief Justice of India

5.2. Supreme Court Judges

5.3. High Court Judges

5.4. Lower Courts

6. Powers and Functions of Supreme Court

6.1. Guardian of the constitution

6.2. Original Jurisdiction

6.3. Appellate Jurisdiction

6.4. Advisory Jurisdiction

6.5. Writ Jurisdiction

6.6. Judicial review

6.7. Court of Records

7. Definition

7.1. Judiciary - an institution empowered to administer justice - a system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. - provides a system for settlement of disputes. - protects people's rights

8. Independent Judiciary

8.1. Meaning

8.1.1. the other organs of the government do not limit the functioning or interfere in the decisions of the judiciary

8.2. Need

8.2.1. In order to ensure Rule of Law*, the judiciary has to be independent of political influence; judges must be able to function without fear or favour.

8.3. Provisions

8.3.1. Appointment

8.3.2. Fixed tenure

8.3.3. Financial independence

8.3.4. Immunity

9. Structure