How can African American high school student athletes achievements in school work influence their...

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How can African American high school student athletes achievements in school work influence their college decisions? by Mind Map: How can African American high school student athletes achievements in school work influence their college decisions?

1. Singer, J. N. (2009). African american football athletes' perspectives on institutional integrity in college sport. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80(1), 102-16. Retrieved from

2. African American

2.1. Socialization

2.1.1. Benson's data research has connected some of the low academic achievements of African american athletes to problems within the society. "Students' underachievement may be caused by the way that schools are structured to maintain prevailing social and economical order" (Benson,225). These students have been so focused with trying to be comfortable with themselves that they stray away from doing well in school. This can further my research because i can discusses how society actually influences African American academics. If someone grows up in a school or neighborhood that's lively and open they will feel comfortable with studying and doing well. If they grow up in a school or neighborhood that's bad they will fell enclosed and wouldn't want to express themselves at all not even academically.

2.2. Minority

2.2.1. African Americans in general have always been seen as the minorities. Braddock states the reasoning for African Americans college choice is that "Investing in higher education represents the major avenue of upward mobility for most African Americans" (Braddock,533). This resource supports my overall research because I'm trying to pinpoint exactly how African American student athletes role in schools influence them going and ultimately playing in college. This piece of information can help me into further research on why African Americans are racially profiled into being the ones not continuing their education. This can further my research by relating African Americans to sports and how being an African American who is a student athlete can influence the persons choices in college. Horton researched that "The unfortunate reality is that many students who begin their academic studies at a community college often leave before completing their intended academic goals. Within this group of non-completers, students of color are most often over represented. Students of color are not only more likely to enter college through the community college, they are more likely than their peers to under perform and leave their institution before meeting their intended goals (290). This information from Horton can relate to the fact that African Americans are minorities or it can relate to African american educational mishap. What is it that makes people of color more "prone" to doing bad in school? Is it because of society, peers, or just because its in their blood. This source is a combination of socialization issues, educational issues, and college issues in that they all relate to one another. Without one, the other two are missing.

3. Braddock,Jomills Henry,,II, & Hua, L. (2006). Determining the college destination of african american high school seniors: Does college athletic reputation matter? The Journal of Negro Education, 75(3), 532-545. Retrieved from

3.1. Budget

3.1.1. Materials

3.1.2. Personel

3.1.3. Services

3.1.4. Duration

3.2. Delivery Timeline

3.3. Requirements

4. college

4.1. Finances

4.1.1. Three themes emerged from the data: (a) there is a need for more African American role models in leadership positions within the athletic departments of these PWIHE; (b) there is a need for more financial support for athletes; and (c) African American athletes should be given a platform to voice concerns (Singer,102). With college come the college tuition's which in this case have been a problem. This source discusses how student athletes especially in college should be able to get more financial support. Not only do their academics effect their decision on college but so do their finances. Student athletes work hard doing double work in the same amount of hours as a regular student so its only right to give them more financial opportunities to attend college.

4.2. Education

4.2.1. The mission statement of the athletic department that was the focus of this study expressed as an official goal a commitment to providing each student athlete with quality educational opportunities for personal growth and the ability to engage with a diverse and changing society. This stated commitment to providing "quality educational opportunities" to college athletes is particularly relevant to the discussion of institutional integrity and the African American athlete (Singer,103).

4.3. Academic Reputation

4.3.1. Braddock also discusses the importance of a student athletes decision in choosing the right college. "Research over several decades, suggests that students' college choice decisions are significantly shaped by information about, and perceptions of, colleges' academic programs (Braddock, 534). Not only had you have to go to college but you had to go to a college that was best known by peers and well constructed in program choices.

5. Harris, P. C., Hines, E. M., Kelly, D. D., Williams, D. J., & Bagley, B. (2014). Promoting the Academic Engagement and Success of Black Male Student-Athletes. High School Journal, 97(3), 180.

5.1. Definition

5.2. Items to be Delivered

5.3. Extent

5.3.1. Included

5.3.2. Included

5.3.3. Excluded

6. high school

6.1. Peer influences

6.1.1. "Bronfenbrenner’s (1992) ecological model suggests that the multiple environments (i.e., home, school community) and people within those environments influence the educational experience of all students." Peer influences play a big role because being a teenager in high school, you rely heavily on your parents, siblings and friends. The decisions you make relate in some way to all that you have learned before through your peers whether you believe it or not. This can further my research because peer influences relates to academic achievements and this academic achievement relates to being a student athlete and being a student athlete relates to playing in college.

6.2. School Work

6.2.1. Harris discusses how school work and teacher provision in academics help the student by providing them with self-determination (Harris,184) This leads to a positive educational outcome for the students. The main point of this source is to explain how academic engagement leads to success. Being problematic in your academics expands the way you think. This new expansion in thinking furthers your learning which can help your education. This all correlates to how African American students school work will influence their college decisions.

6.3. Graduation Rates

6.3.1. In Memphis state university their was a 10% graduation rate in basketball players in 1985, but in 1984 Notre Dame university recorded that 96% of their student athlete football players graduated high school. NCAA of college sport teams edited their requirements for incoming freshman and transfer students.This had a positive impact on African American students graduation rates because now it was mandated in order to play on a college sports team to have at least a 2.0 average in core classes and at least a total of 700 on the SAT (Synder, 653). Because of this change in the requirements through data we can see that it significantly influenced the graduation rates of African american high school students because now in order to play on a sports team you had to have the grades. This reflects to the academic aspect of the question which relates to college decisions. Beamon also researched graduation rates and found that "African American football players graduate at a rate that is 21% lower than that of their white teammates " and " White male basketball players graduate at a rate of 52%, while their African American counterparts graduate at a rate of 38%" (394). Beamons study relates to how African Americans are seen as minorities and also relates to the social and economical aspects of their environment.

7. Benson, Kirsten F. (2000). Constructing Academic Inadequacy: African American Athletes' Stories of Schooling. Journal of Higher Education, 71(2), 223-46.

8. Snyder, P. (1996). Comparative Levels of Expressed Academic Motivation Among Anglo and African American University Student-Athletes. Journal of Black Studies, 26(6), 651-667.

9. Beamon, Krystal, & Bell, Patricia A. (2006). Academics versus athletics: An examination of the effects of background and socialization on African American male student athletes. The Social Science Journal, 43(3), 393-403.

10. Horton, D. (n.d.). Between a Ball and a Harsh Place. Community College Review, 43(3), 287-305.