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Socratic Dialogue by Mind Map: Socratic Dialogue
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Socratic Dialogue

Thrasymachus

What is Justice?

"Might Makes Right"

Rulers make bad laws

Pulemarchus says Thrasymachus is wrong

General

Definition is given

Find flaws; unravel definition

Admit ignorance

Symposium - Diotima teaches Socrates

Starts with a love of physical things

Becomes a love of virtue, Courage, Temperance, Prudence, Justice

Euthyphro

What is piety?

That which is loved by the Gods, Some things loved by Gods

They love just humans actions, Is it loved because it is holy or holy because it is loved?

Give a service to the Gods, Prayers only ask of them, Sacrifices only give back to them

The Meno: What is Virtue?

Meno asks Socrates whether virtue is aquired through teaching, practice, or by nature.

First Definition: Meno says it is different for everyone. "Man is the measure of all things."

Socrates demands one definition of virtue, Uses examples from nature

Second Definition: Meno says virtue is the power of governing mankind

Problem: Slaves and children don't have power

Problem: Definition doesn't discuss justice

Third Definition: Meno says virtue is the desire of things honorable and the power of attainting them.

Problem: Definition doesn't discuss temperance, the act of avoiding excess; How do you know when you have enough "things" and power?

Figure is the only thing that always follows color (a concise, general, but not vague definition of figure; this is how Socrates wants Meno to define virtue)

Socrates always relates the big questions to the four cardinal virtues: temperance, justice, courage, and prudence.

Meno's servant shows that we aquire truth and virtue through anamensis: recollection.