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The Beginnings of Industrialization by Mind Map: The Beginnings of
Industrialization
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The Beginnings of Industrialization

Setting the Stage

The industrial revolution began in the 1700s.

Refers to machine made goods that began in England

Inventions Spur Industrialization

In 1733 a machinist named John Kay made a shuttle that sped back and forth on wheels

This machine doubled the amount of work a weaver could do in a day

Wool, linen and cotton were the first industries to be transformed

Around 1764 a textile worker James Hargreaves invented a spinning wheel he named after his daughter

The spinning wheel allowed the spinner to work eight threads at a time

In 1769 Richard Arkwright invented the water frame

This machine used waterpower from rapid streams to drive spinning wheels

Englands cotton came from plantations in the American south in the 1790s

In 1793 Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin, which multiplied the amount of cotton that could be cleaned

In 1790 cotton production skyrocketed from 1.5 million to 85 million pounds in 1810

Industrial Revolution Begins in Britain

Jethro Tull was on of the first scinetific farmers

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In about 1701 Jethro came up with an invention called the seed drill

This allowed farmers to sow seeds in well-spaced rows at specific depths

Crop rotation proved to be one of the best developments by the scientific farmers.

In the 1700s Robert Barkwell increased his mutton output by allowing only his best sheep to breed.

Industrialization is the process of developing machine production of goods.

Growing overseas trade, economic prosperity, and a climat of progress led to the increased demand for goods

Britain had all of the factors of production, which are the resources needed to produse goods and services that the industrial revolution required

Improvements in Transportation

In 1765 James Watt figured out a way to make the steam engine work faster

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In 1774 watt joined a buisinessman named Matthew Boulton who was an entrepreneur and paid Watt to build better engines.

Robert Fulton built a steamboat called the clermont, which made its first successful trip in 1807

In the 1800s John Mcadam equipped road beds with a layer of large stones for drainage

The Railway Age Begins

In 1804 Richard Trevithick won a bet by hauling ten tons of iron over nearly ten miles of track in a steam driven locomotive.

In 1825 the railroad opened