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On War by Mind Map: On War
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On War

The Engagement


The Nature of Battle Today

The Engagement in General

The Engagement in General - Continued

The Significance of the Engagement

Offensive Engagement, Destruction of the Enemy's Forces, Conquest of a Locality, Conquest of an Object

Defensive Engagement, Destruction of the Enemy's Forces, Defense of a Locality, Defense of an Object

Duration of the Engagement

Decision of the Engagement

Mutual Agreement to Fight

The Battle: Its Decision

The Battle-Continued: The Effects of Victory

The Battle Continued: The Use of Battle

Strategic Means of Exploiting Victory

Retreat After a Lost Battle

Night Operations

On the Theory of War

Classifications of the Art of War

On the Theory of Way

Originally the Term "Art of War" Only Designated the Preparation of the Forces

True War Frist Appears in Siege Warfare

Next the Subject Was Touched By Tactics

The Actual Conduct of War Occurred Only Incidentally and Incognito

Reflections on the Events of War Led to the Need for a Theory

Efforts to Formulate a Positive Theory

Limitation to Material Factors

Numerical Superiority



Interior Lines

All These Attempts are Objectionable

They Exclude Genius from the Rule

Problems Facing Theory When Moral Factors are Involved

Moral Factors Cannot Be Ignored in War

Principle Problems in Formulating a Theory of the Conduct of War

First Property: Moral Forces and Effects: Hostile Feelings

The Effects of Danger: Courage

Extent of the Influence Exercised by Danger

Other Emotional Factors

Intellectual Qualities

The Diversity of Intellectual Quality Results in a Diversity of Roads to the Goal

Second Property: Positive Reaction

Third Property: Uncertainty of All Information

A Positive Doctrine is Unattainable

Alternatives Which Make a Theory Possible: The Difficulties Vary in Magnitude

Theory Should Be Study, Not Doctrine

The Point of View Makes Theory Possible and Eliminates Its Conflict With Reality

Theory Thus Studies the Nature of Ens and Means: Ends and Means in Tactics

Factors that Always Accompany the Application of Means, Terrain, Time of Day, Weather

Ends and Means in Strategy

Factors that Affect the Application of the Means

These Factors for New Means

Strategy Derives the Means and Ends To Br Examined Exclusively From Experience

How Far Should Analysis of Means be Carried?

Substantial Simplification of Knowledge

This Simplification Explains the Rapid Development of Great Commanders and Why Commanders are Not Scholars, Earlier Contradictions, Accordingly, the Usefulness of all Knowledge was Denied, and Everything was Ascribed to Natural Aptitude

Knowledge Will be Determined by Responsibility

The Knowledge Required in War is Very Simple, But at the Same Time it is Not Easy to Apply

The Nature of Such Knowledge

Knowledge Must Become Capability

Art of War or Science of War

Usage Is Still Unsettled: Ability and Knowledge: The Object of Science is Knowledge, The Object of Art is Creative Ability

The Difficulty of Separating Perception From Judgement - Art of War

War is An Act of Human Intercourse


Method and Routine

Critical Analysis

On Historical Examples

On Strategy in General


Possible Engagements are to be Regarded as Real Ones Becausse of Their Cinsequences

The Twofold Object of the Engagement

If This View is not Adopted, Other Matters Will Be inaccurately Assessed

Elements of Strategy

Moral Factors

The Principal Moral Elements

Military Virtues of the Army



Superiority of Numbers



Concentration of Forces in Space

Unification of Forces in Time

The Strategic Reserve

Economy of Force

The Geometrical Factor

The Suspension of Action in War

The Character of Contemporary Warfare

Tension and Rest: The Dynamic Law In War

On the Nature of War

What is War?



The Maximum Use of Force

The Aim is to Disarm the Enemy

The Maximum Exertion of Strength

Modifications in Practice

War is Never an Isolated Act

War Does Not Consist of a Single Blow

In War the Result is Never Final

The Probabilities of Real Life Replace the Extreme and the Absolute Required by Theory

The Political Object Now Comes to the Fore Again

An Interruption of Military Activity is Not Explained by Anything Yet Said

Only One Consideration Can Suspend Military Action, and It Seems That It Can Never Be Present on More Than One Side

Continuity Would Thus Be Brought About In Military Action Would Again Intensify Everything

Here a Principle of Polarity is Proposed

Attack and Defense Being Things Different in Kind and Unequal in Strength, Polarity Cannot be Applied To Them

The Superiority of Defense Over Attack Often Destroys the Effect of Polarity, and This Explains the Suspension of Military Action

A Second Cause is Imperfect Knowledge of the Situation

Frequent Periods of Inaction Remove Was Still Further From the Realm of the Absolute and Make It Even More a Matter of Assessing Probabilities

Therefore Only the Element of Chance is Needed To Make War a Gamble, And That Element is Never Absent

Not Only Its Objective But Also Its Subjective Nature Makes War a Gamble

How in General This Best Suits Human Nature

But War is Nonetheless a Serious Means to a Serious End: A More Precise Definition of War

War is Merely a Continuation of Policy By Other Means

The Diverse Nature of War

All Wars Can Be Considered Acts of Policy

The Effects of This Point of View On the Understanding of Military History and the Foundations of Theory

The Consequences For Theory, "War is more than a true chameleon that slightly adapts its characteristics to the given case. As a total phenomenon its dominant tendencies always make war a paradoxical trinity -- composed of primordial violence, hatred, and emnity, which are to be regarded as a blind natural force; of the play of chance and probability within which the creative spirit is free to roam; and of its element of subordination, as an instrument of policy, which makes it subject to reason alone.:"

Purpose and Means in War

On Military Genius

Mind, Intelligence, Coup d'oeil, Determination, Presence of Mind, Understanding of Terrain, Imagination, Grasps Policy, Inquisitive, Comprehensive

Temperment, Courageous, Strong, Willful, Energetic, Firm, Staunch, Endurance, Balanced, Not Obstinate, Calm

On Danger in War

On Physical Effort in War

Intelligence in War

Friction in War

Military Forces

General Survey

Their Numerical Strength and Organization

Their State When Not in Action

Their Maintenance

Their General Relationship to Country and Terrain

The Army, The Theater of Operations, the Campaign

Theater of Operations

The Army

The Campaign

Relative Strength

Relationship Between Branches of Service

The Army's Order of Battle

General Disposition of the Army

Advance Guard and Outposts

Operational Use of Advanced Corps



Marches - Continued

Marches - Concluded


Maintenance and Supply

Base of Operations

Lines of Communication


The Command of Heights

The Attack

Attack in Relation to Defense

The Nature of Strategic Attack

The Object of the Strategic Attack

The Diminishing Force of the Attack

The Culminating Point of the Attack

Destruction of the Enemy's Forces

The Offensive Battle

River Crossings

Attack on Defensive Positions

Attack on Entrenched Camps

Attack on a Mountainous Area

Attack on Cordons


Attacks on Swamps, Flooded Areas, and Forests

Attack on a Theater of War: Seeking a Decision

Attack on a Theater of War: Not Seeking a Decision

Attack on Fortresses

Attacks on Convoys

Attack on an Enemy Army in Billets



The Culminating Point of Victory

War Plans


Absolute War and Real War

Interdependence of the Elements of War

Scale of the Military Objective and the Effort to be Made

Closer Definition of the Military Objective: The Defeat of the Enemy

Closer Definition of the Military Objective: Limited Aims

The Effect of the Political Aim on the Military Objective

War is an Instrument of Policy

The Limited Aim: Offensive War

The Limited Aim: Defensive War

The Plan of a War Designed to Lead to the Total Defeat of the Enemy


Attack and Defense

The Concept of Defense

Advantages of Defense

The Relationship Between Attack and Defense in Tactics

The Relationship Between Attack and Defense in Strategy

Convergence of Attack and Divergence of Defense

The Character of Strategic Defense

Scope of the Means of Defense

Interaction Between the Attack and Defense

Types of Resistance

The Defensive Battle



Defensive Positions

Fortified Positions and Entrenched Camps

Flank Positions

Defensive Mountain Warfare - Continued

Defensive Mountain Warfare

Defensive Mountain Warfare - Continued

Defense of Rivers and Streams

Defense of Rivers and Streams - Continued

Defense of Swamps


Defense of Forests

The Cordon

The Key to the Country

Operations on a Flank

Retreat to the Interior of the Country

The People in Arms

Defense of a Theater of Operations

Defense of a Theater of Operations

Defense of a Theater of Operations: Continued

Defense of a Theater of Operations: Phased Resistance

Defense of a Theater of Operations-Concluded: Where a Decision Is Not The Objective