The endocrine system

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The endocrine system by Mind Map: The endocrine system

1. Adrenal glands

2. Pituitary gland

3. Location: Just in front of your throat area

4. Pancreas

5. Thyroid gland

6. Function: The thyroid hormones control your metabolism

7. Hormones: Thyroxin (T4) & Tri-iodothyronine (T3). Both increase the metabolism

8. Diseases: Goiter, Hypothyroidism, and Hyperthyroidism.

9. Function: Helps the body maintain healthy blood sugar (glucose) levels.

10. Hormones: Glucagon: raises blood sugar concentration by stimulating the liver to break down glycogen.

11. Location: behind your stomach.

12. Diseases: Diabetes Mellitus, Type l, type ll, and Hypoglycemia.

13. Function: Produce hormones that help the body control blood sugar, burn protein and fat, react to stressors like a major illness or injury, and regulate blood pressure.

14. Hormones: Epinephrine, Norepinephrine, Aldosterone, Cortisol, and Adrenal Sex Hormones.

15. Location: At the top of the kidneys.

16. Diseases: Cushing's Syndrome- blood glucose remains high, retains too much sodium, puffy skin, masculizing effects in women.

17. Function: Often called " master gland" since it produces many hormones that affect other glands. Actions controlled by Hypothalamus in the brain. Two parts to it: Anterior & posterior.

18. Location: At the base of the brain in the " Turkish chair", hole in the skull.

19. Anterior pituitary hormones: Prolactin or Prl, Growth hormone, Adrenocorticotropin or ACTH, Thyroid-stimulating hormone or TSH, and Lutenizing hormone or LH and Follicle- stimulating hormone or FSH.

20. Posterior pituitary hormones: Oxytocin & Antidiuretic hormone or ADH.

21. Made up of glands that produce and secrete hormones (chemical messages).

22. Functions: Regulation of growth, metabolism, and sexual development. Responses to stress and injury. Internal balance of body systems (homeostasis).

23. Hormones: chemical messages that act on target cells (or organs).

24. Endocrine: hormone travels from the gland to the target through the blood.

25. Paracrine: The target is very close to the gland and the hormone.