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Computer Careers and Certification by Mind Map: Computer Careers and Certification
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Computer Careers and Certification

Objectives Overview

Describe career opportunities available in various segments of the computer industry

Discuss functions of jobs available in an IT department

Distinguish between trade schools and colleges

Differentiate among various computer-related majors for college students

Identify ways to stay current with changing technology after graduation

List the benefits of certification for employers, employees, and vendors

Identify ways to prepare for certification

List the general areas of IT certification

Name some specific IT certifications in various certification areas

The Computer Industry

A demand for computer professionals continues to grow

Careers in the Computer Industry

Jobs in the IT department typically are divided into six main areas

Management

System development and programming

Technical services

Operations

Training

Security

Employees in the IT department work together as a team to meet the information requirements of the organization

Employees also are responsible for keeping all the computer operations and networks running

Job opportunities in the computer industry generally are available in one or more of these areas:

General business and government organizations and their IT departments

Computer equipment field

Computer software field

Computer service and repair field

Computer sales

Computer education and training field

IT consulting

The computer equipment field consists of manufacturers and distributors of computers and computer-related hardware

Careers in this field are available with companies that design, manufacture, and produce computers and devices

Corporate trainers teach employees how to use software, design and develop systems, write programs, and perform other computer-related activities

An IT consultant provides computer services to his or her clients

Job titles might include:

Project leader

Project manager

Desktop or mobile application programmer/developer

Technical lead

Software engineer

Computer scientist

The computer service and repair field

Requires a knowledge of electronics

Computer salespeople must possess a general understanding of computers and a specific knowledge of the products they are selling

Preparing for a Career in the Computer Industry

A trade school typically offers programs in:

Programming

Web design and development

Graphics design

Hardware maintenance

Networking

Personal computer support

Security

If you attend a two-year college, check for an articulation agreement with a four-year university

Three broad disciplines produce the greatest number of entry-level employees

Computer Information Systems

Computer Science

Computer Engineering

Many companies list their job openings, internship opportunities, and career opportunities on their Web sites

Job seekers can create a video resume

Computer professionals with common interests and a desire to extend their proficiency form computer-related professional organizations

Web sites discuss or share opinions, analysis, reviews, or news about technology

Slashdot

The Register

AnandTech

Tom’s Hardware Guide

It is important to keep up to date on industry trends and technologies and to develop new skills

A user group is a collection of people with common computer equipment or software interests

Can be an effective and rewarding way to learn about and continue career development

Conferences, conventions, and trade shows are a great way to stay aware of new products and services

Hundreds of computer industry publications are available

Certification

Selecting a certification requires careful thought and research

Certification training options are available to suit every learning style

Certifications are typically taken on a computer at a testing center

With computerized adaptive testing (CAT), the tests analyze a person’s responses while taking the test

Certification is the process of verifying the technical knowledge of an individual who has demonstrated competence in a particular area

Computer certifications are available in these areas:

Application software

Operating systems

Programming

Hardware

Networking

Digital forensics

Security

The Internet

Database systems

IT certifications can:

Enhance employees’ careers

Increase professional standing

Increase employee salaries

Vendor-sponsored certifications offer many special benefits as incentives

Professional organizations also offer certifications

A Guide to Certification

Application Software Certifications

Operating System Certifications

Digital Forensics Certifications

Programmer/Developer Certifications

Hardware Certifications

Internet Certifications

Database System Certifications

Summary

Strong demand for computer and IT professionals

Variety of available computer-related careers

Computer education at trade schools, computer-related majors at colleges and universities, job searches, career development planning, professional organizations, and professional growth

Certification preparation, examinations, and resources

Specific certifications