Microbial Metabolism

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Microbial Metabolism by Mind Map: Microbial Metabolism

1. CH 5: Metabolism

1.1. Defined: the sum of all chemical reactions within a living organism.

1.1.1. "energy balancing act"

1.2. 2 Functions

1.2.1. 1) to make ATP (energy) enzyme regulated chemical reaction that releases energy called: Catabolism

1.2.2. 2) cell growth enzyme regulated chemical reaction that requires energy Called: Anabolism

2. CH: 7 Aerial Bacteria & AnAerieal Bacteria

2.1. An Aerobic Bacteria

2.1.1. Do not need Oxygen for Growth & Reproduction

2.1.2. if takes Oxygen it will die

2.1.3. Do not have Catalase or Peroxide to change Hydrogen Peroxide to water

2.2. Aerial Bacteria

2.2.1. Need Oxygen for Growth 98% of  Oxygen is Good 2% of Oxygen is Toxic Form breaks down during Metabolism Causes damage to DNA ,Protein, Cancer Nuetrilized by taking Antioxide Different Types of Toxic Oxygen 3 different types of Enzymes found in Aerobic Bacteria to Combat Toxic Oxygen Formula used to change Toxic Form Oxygen into harmless components Neutralized by taking Antioxidant

2.3. types of Oxygen

2.3.1. O2  = 98% taken in metabolism =Good

2.3.2. O2^-2 = 2% Superoxide = Toxic

2.3.3. O3 =Ozone=Good Found in air , makes a layer that absorbs Radiation & other harms.

3. CH: 8 Microbial Genetics

3.1. DNA

3.1.1. Important Property of DNA 1) Reproduction & Growth Replication of DNA 2) Makes Protein

4. Microbial Growth

4.1. Physical Factors for Microbial Growth

4.1.1. Temperature 37''C Temp of blood Different Types of Bacteria Reproduce at different temperatures Psychrophiles Psychrotrophs Mesophiles Thermophiles Hyperthermophiles

4.1.2. ph Level 7.0 found in blood

4.1.3. Osmosis Isotonic Solution

4.2. Chemical Factors for Microbial Growth

4.2.1. C Carbohydrates

4.2.2. H Hydrogen

4.2.3. O Oxygen

4.2.4. N Nitrogen

4.2.5. P Phosphurus

4.2.6. S Sulfur

4.3. Phases Bacteria Goes Through

4.3.1. Lag Phase Metobalic Activity Bacteria are not growing Catabolism Activity

4.3.2. Log Phase Grow from 1-2-4--8-16-36 Bacteria Growing Gram + : Clinical symptoms at log phase takes fews days to few hours

4.3.3. Stationary Phase 50% Bacteria Growing will die Gram - :Clinical sypmtoms at stationary phase through death phase

4.3.4. Death Phase all bacteria will die

4.4. we take antibiotics to kill bacteria before it kills us

5. CH:13  Viruses, Viroids, and Prions

5.1. Viruses

5.1.1. are acellular do not have cells since no cells they cannot grow or reproduce like bacteria can't go through metabolism no enzymes no toxins

5.1.2. types of viruses Hepititus-A,B,C,D,E most common virus causes damage to the liver Flue Influenza Common Cold Chicken Pox Small Pox Polio Rubella Mumps Measels Rabies HIV H1N1 Flue like symptoms HTLV-1 Cancer Epstein-Barr Virus Nasophyrngeal Carcimana Burkittis Lymphoma Infectious Mononucleous

5.1.3. Made up of 2 chemicals Protien Capsid & Capsomere Nucliec Acid DNA or RNA

5.1.4. 3 different types of  Virus Virion complete virus Viroids incomplete virus Prion incomplete virus

5.1.5. viruses are categorized into 2 groups those with DNA and those with RNA. Then they are categorized by being enveloped or non-enveloped.

5.2. "nonliving outside a living body;living inside a living body"