Special Education

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Special Education by Mind Map: Special Education

1. Autism

1.1. intervention/modifications

1.1.1. Case Study: Autism. We have a 3rd grade student who has been diagnosed with mild to moderate autism. His classroom modifications are him in a smaller classroom environment where he is more comfortable. He is allowed to have extra grade opportunities (redo if items missing). Repeat directions verbatim. Modify test formats (word bank, multiple choice). He is also allowed to tape record the lessons so he can review them at home in a more comfortable setting.

1.1.2. Have a set routine for the school day. For younger students, provide a picture schedule. The schedule can be posted for all students to use or a small, desktop version can be created.

1.1.3. Incorporate pictures, images and other visual aids when teaching vocabulary words, scientific subjects and abstract concepts.

1.1.4. Allow extra time for completing tests and in school assignments.

2. Deaf-Blindness

2.1. intervention/modifications

2.1.1. Braille writing and reading

3. Visual Impairment Including Blindness

3.1. intervention/modifications

3.1.1. Braille

3.1.2. Case Study: Visual Impairment/Blindness. A 1st grade student of ours is considered legally blind by Italy’s standard definition; however, she still has limited sight. She is given preferential seating and is paired with another classmate. Pairing the student allows her to obtain additional help if the words are not viewed. Often she has is a magnifying glass on hand which assists her in classroom reading.

4. Developmental Delay

4.1. intervention/modifications

4.1.1. Realize their educational goals

4.1.2. Encourage that behavior is to be consistent with classroom

4.1.3. Doing the same thing everyday the student knows what to expect and can begin following the same actions without additional guidance.

5. Speech or Language Impairment

5.1. intervention/modifications

5.1.1. Provide the student with a talking ha nd held dictionary or spelling aid to assist in identifying unknown words

5.1.2. Summarize information in language appropriate to the student’s linguistic capabilities

5.1.3. Provide peer or adult assistance with unfamiliar words and concepts

6. Specific Learning Disability

6.1. intervention/modifications

6.1.1. Listening to good stories and books, appropriate to the child’s age, read aloud daily

6.1.2. Listen to audio recordings and learn content from audiobooks, movies, videos and digital media instead of reading print versions

7. Other Health Impairment

7.1. intervention/modifications

7.1.1. Peer (classmate) note taker

7.1.2. More easily readable visual aids

7.1.3. Screen access to tests administered on a computer

8. Orthopedic Impairment

8.1. intervention/modifications

8.1.1. Securing assistive technology and augmentative communication devices.

8.1.2. Instruction focused on impairments in and the improvement of gross and fine motor skills.

8.1.3. Extended time to complete assignments.

9. Multiple Disabilities

9.1. intervention/modifications

9.1.1. Breaking up testing over several days

9.1.2. Providing audiotaped lectures or book

9.1.3. Reducing the reading level

9.1.4. Working one-on-one with the teacher

10. Intellectual Disability

10.1. intervention/modifications

10.1.1. Adapt materials to the needs of students, by reducing reading, writing, and language requirements and simplifying work sheets.

10.1.2. Adapt instruction by employing clear, organized presentations, providing concrete, meaningful examples and activities, providing frequent reviews, and encouraging independent thinking.

10.1.3. Communicate with families to further your understanding and obtain additional information on how students work best. The Diversity in the Classroom feature describes a model of “Person-Centered Planning” for working with Asian American families.

11. Hearing Impairment

11.1. intervention/modifications

11.1.1. Use of visual supplements (projected materials, whiteboard, charts, vocabulary lists, lecture outlines)

11.1.2. Personal hearing device (hearing aid, cochlear implant, tactile device)

11.1.3. Captioning or scripts for announcements, television, videos, or movies

11.1.4. Check for understanding of information, down time / break from listening, extra time to complete assignments, and step-by-step directions

12. Emotional Disturbance

12.1. intervention/modifications

12.1.1. Role-playing situations

12.1.2. Seating arrangement to encourage social interaction

12.1.3. Personalized goals and strategies, so that the child can find success

13. Traumatic Brain Damage

13.1. intervention/modifications

13.1.1. Allow student to audio record lectures for later playback; provide both oral and written instructions; clarify instructions

13.1.2. Avoid placing student in high pressure situations

13.1.3. Case Study: Brain damage. We have an 18 year old student who is severely handicapped mentally as her brain never fully developed. She is unable to read or write and mentally functions at the educational level of a 3rd grader. However, she is capable of communicating orally but does have a speech impediment. All of her homework, quizzes, and tests are conducted orally.

14. Deafness

14.1. intervention/modifications

14.1.1. Reduce noise and reverberation with carpeting, draperies, acoustic ceiling tile, and/or acoustical wall treatments. Use flashing lights along with bells for signaling class schedule.

14.1.2. Team teach with a teacher of students who are deaf or hard of hearing.

14.1.3. Demonstrate directions to clarify what needs to be undertaken.