4th Grade Science

4th Grade Science

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4th Grade Science by Mind Map: 4th Grade Science

1. The Nature of Science and Engineering.

1.1. The Practice of Engineering

1.1.1. Scientific Method

1.1.2. Unifying Concepts and Processes

1.1.2.1. Systems, order, and organization.

1.1.2.1.1. Living Things, Chap Kingdoms of Life

1.1.2.1.2. Scientific Method, through out the book.

1.1.2.2. Evidence, models and explaination

1.1.2.2.1. Scientific Method, through out the book

1.1.3. Science as Inquiry

1.1.3.1. Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry

1.1.3.1.1. Scientific Method, through out the book

1.1.3.2. Understandings about scientific inquiry

1.1.3.2.1. Scientific Method, through out the book

1.1.4. Engineers design, create and develop structures, processes and systems that are intended to improve society and may make humans more productive.

1.1.4.1. 4.1.2.1.1 Describe the positive and negative impacts that the designed world has on the natural world as more and more engineered products and services are created and used.

1.1.5. Engineering design is the process of identifying problems developing multiple solutions, selecting the best possible solution, and building the product.

1.1.5.1. 4.1.2.2.1 Identify and investigate a design solution and describe how it was used to solve an everyday problem.

1.1.5.2. 4.1.2.2.2 Generate ideas and possible constraints for solving a problem through engineering design.

1.1.5.3. 4.1.2.2.3 Test and evaluate solutions, considering advantages and disadvantages of the engineering solution, and communicate the results effectively.

1.2. Interactions Among Science, Technology Engineering, Mathematics and Society

1.2.1. Science and Technology

1.2.1.1. Abilities of technological design

1.2.1.2. Understandings about science and technology

1.2.2. History and Nature of Science

1.2.2.1. Science as a human endeavor

1.2.2.1.1. Be a Scientist (beginning of book)

1.2.2.1.2. Careers in Science, through out book

1.2.3. The needs of any society influence the technologies that are developed and how they are used.

1.2.3.1. 4.1.3.3.1 Describe a situation in which on invention led to other inventions.

1.2.4. Science in Personal and Social Perspectives

1.2.4.1. Science and technology in local challenges.

2. Physical Science

2.1. Matter

2.1.1. Environmental Appreciation (Measurement)

2.1.2. Unifying Concepts and Processess

2.1.2.1. Change, constancy, and measurement

2.1.2.1.1. Unit Matter, Chap. Properties of matter and Matter and Its changes

2.1.2.2. Form and function

2.1.2.2.1. Unit Matter, Matter and Its Changes.

2.1.3. Physical Science

2.1.3.1. Properties of objects and materials

2.1.3.1.1. Unit Matter, Chap Properties of Matter

2.1.4. Objects have observable properties that can be measured.

2.1.4.1. 4.2.1.1.1 Measure temperature, volume, weight and length using appropriate tools and units.

2.1.4.1.1. Unit Matter, Chap. 9 Properties of Matter, Lesson Measurement

2.1.4.1.2. Reference section in the back of the book.

2.1.5. Solids, liquids and gases are states of matter that have unique properties.

2.1.5.1. 4.2.1.2.1 Distinguish between, solids, liquids and gases in terms of shape and volume.

2.1.5.1.1. Unit Matter, Chap. Properties of Matter, Lesson Describing Matter.

2.1.5.2. 4.2.1.2.2 Describe how the states of matter change as a result of heating and cooling.

2.1.5.2.1. Unit Matter, Chap. 10 Matter and Its Changes, Lesson How Matter Can Change.

2.2. Energy

2.2.1. Environmental Appreciation (Magnetism and Electricity)

2.2.2. Physical Science

2.2.2.1. Light, heat, electricity, and magnetism

2.2.2.1.1. Unit Forces and Energy, Chap. Energy

2.2.2.2. Position and motion of objects.

2.2.2.2.1. Unit Forces and Energy, Chap. Forces

2.2.3. Energy appears in different forms, including heat and electromagnetism.

2.2.3.1. 4.2.3.1.1 Describe the transfer of heat energy when a warm and a cool object are touching or placed near each other.

2.2.3.2. 4.2.3.1.2 Describe how magnets can repel or attract each other and how they attract certain metal objects.

2.2.3.2.1. Unit Forces and Energy, Chap. 12 Energy, Lesson Magnetism and Electricity

2.2.3.3. 4.2.3.1.3 Compare materials that are conductors and insulators of heat and/or electricity.

2.2.4. Energy can be transformed within a system or transferred to other systems or the environment.

2.2.4.1. 4.2.3.2.1 Identify several ways to generate heat energy.

2.2.4.1.1. Unit Forces and Energy, Chap. 12 Energy, Lesson Heat.

2.2.4.2. 4.2.3.2.2 Construct a simple electrical circuit using wires, batteries and light bulbs.

2.2.4.2.1. Unit Forces and Energy, Chap. Energy, Lesson Magnetism and Electricity

2.2.4.3. 4.2.3.2.3 Demonstrate how an electric current can produce a magnetic force.

3. Earth and Space Science

3.1. Earth Structure and Processess

3.1.1. Environmental Appreciation (Earth Materials)

3.1.2. Earth and Space Science

3.1.2.1. Properties of earth materials

3.1.2.1.1. Earth and Its Resources, Chap. Saving Earth's Resources

3.1.2.2. Changes in earth and sky.

3.1.2.2.1. Earth and Its Resources Chap Shaping Earth

3.1.2.3. Objects in the sky

3.1.2.3.1. Weather and Space, Chap. The Solar System and Beyond

3.1.3. Rocks are Earth materials that may vary in composition

3.1.3.1. 4.3.1.3.1 Recognize that rocks may be uniform or made of mixtures of different minerals.

3.1.3.1.1. Unit Earth and Its Resources, Chap Saving Earth's Resources, Lesson Minerals and Rocks.

3.1.3.2. 4.3.1.3.2 Describe and classify minerals based on their physical properties.

3.1.3.2.1. Unit Earth and Its Resources, Chap. Saving Earth's Resources, Lesson Minerals and Rocks.

3.1.4. Science and Technology

3.1.4.1. Abilities to distinguish between natural objects and objects made by humans

3.1.4.1.1. Earth and Its Resources, Chap. Saving Earth's Resources

3.1.4.1.2. Earth and Its Resources, Chap Saving Earth's Resources

3.1.5. Science in Personal and Social Perspectives

3.1.5.1. Types of resources

3.1.5.1.1. Earth and Its Resources, Chap Shaping Earth

3.2. Interdependence Within the Earth System

3.2.1. Earth and Space Science

3.2.1.1. Changes in earth and sky.

3.2.1.1.1. Weather and Space, Chap Weather and Climate

3.2.2. Water circulates through the Earth's crust, oceans and atmosphere in what is know as the water cycle.

3.2.2.1. 4.3.2.3.1 Identify where water collects on Earth, including atmosphere, ground and surface water, and describe how water moves through the Earth system using the processes of evaporation, condensation and precipitation.

3.2.2.1.1. Unit Weather and Space, Chap. Weather and Climate, Lesson The Water Cycle

3.3. Human Interactions with Earth Systems

3.3.1. In order to improve their existence, humans interact with and influence Earth systems.

3.3.1.1. 4.3.4.1.1 Describe how the methods people utilize to obtain and use water in their homes and communities can affect water supply and quality.

3.3.1.1.1. Unit Earth and Its Resources, Chap Saving Earth's Resources, Lesson Water.

4. Life Science

4.1. Human Interactions with Living Systems

4.1.1. Environmental Appreciation (Human Body)

4.1.2. Life Science

4.1.2.1. Characteristics of organisms

4.1.2.1.1. Unit Living Things, Chapter Kingdoms of Life

4.1.2.2. Life cycles of organisms

4.1.2.2.1. Unit Living Things, Chap. Kingdoms of Life

4.1.2.3. Organisms and environments

4.1.2.3.1. Unit Living Things, Chap. Kingdoms of Life

4.1.3. Science in Personal and Social Perspectives

4.1.3.1. Personal health

4.1.3.1.1. Reference section in the back of the book.

4.1.3.2. Changes in environments

4.1.3.2.1. Unit Ecosystems, Chap Surviving in Ecosystems.

4.1.3.3. Characteristics and changes in populations

4.1.3.3.1. Unit Ecosystems, Chap Surviving in Ecosystems.

4.1.4. Microorganisms can get inside one's body and they may keep it from working properly.

4.1.4.1. 4.4.4.2.1 Recongnize that the body has defense systems against germs, including tears, saliva, skin and blood

4.1.4.1.1. Reference section in the back of the book

4.1.4.2. 4.4.4.2.2 Give Examples of diseases that can be prevented by vaccination.

4.1.4.2.1. Reference section in the back of the book.

4.1.5. Unifying Concepts and Processes

4.1.5.1. Evolution and equilibruim

4.1.5.1.1. Unit Ecosystems, Chap. Surviving in Ecosystems.