Attitudes and actions affecting ethno cultural minority groups (Racism and Prejudice in Canada tr...

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Attitudes and actions affecting ethno cultural minority groups (Racism and Prejudice in Canada troughout history) By: Abdulrehman Arif by Mind Map: Attitudes and actions affecting ethno cultural minority groups (Racism and Prejudice in Canada troughout history) By: Abdulrehman Arif

1. Since World War II, anti-semitism has been on the decline in Canada.

2. WW1

2.1. Enemy Aliens

2.1.1. During wartime, the feelings of prejudice may become very strong. During WW1 for example, German Canadians were watched by police, fired from their jobs, and some were put in internment camps. Occasionally, rioting soldiers and civilians attacked the premises of German clubs and German-owned businesses.

2.1.2. Chinese Chinese People didn't like them Chinese Tax 500 dollars for entering Canada

2.1.3. German People didn't like them They changed Berlin ON name to Kitchener German internment

3. Bibliography










4. Immigration Racism

4.1. The number of Canadians who were not of British or French origin increased greatly after 1900. These people were encouraged to come to settle the prairies, or to work on the railways, on construction, or in factories.

4.1.1. Immigrants in the 1900s

4.1.2. French Canadians feared that these newcomers would push them further into a minority. Many English-speaking Canadians whose heritage were the British were worried that these people, with their strange languages and customs, would destroy the British nature of Canada. In their minds, the immigrants were inferior.

5. Jews

5.1. Anti-Semitism has a long and ugly history in Europe and has been part of Canadian society since the 19th century. In Quebec, the political leader urged Canada to keep its gates shut to Jews. Catholic journals were also hostile to Jews. In 1910 a mob attacked Jewish stores in Quebec City. Jewish cemeteries were vandalized in Montreal.

5.1.1. Much of this hatred of Jews spread to Canada's political leaders. Prime Minister Mackenzie King believed that the Jews would "pollute" Canada's bloodstream. Jews were restricted from entering many industries, the law, teaching, clubs, resorts, and beaches. As a result of this prejudice, Canada provided safety for only a few Jewish refugees fleeing (Nazi) Germany before the outbreak of World War II.

6. East Asians

6.1. Asians have also suffered prejudice and racism.

6.1.1. Chinese The Chinese began arriving in Canada in the 1850s. Large numbers were brought in during the 1880s to help to build the Canadian Pacific Railway They worked for poor wages under terrible conditions and they were hated by the white workers. They were regarded as alien, ans inferior.. Employers always paid Asians less. In B.C., Chinese, Japanese, and South Asians could not vote, practise law or pharmacy, be elected, serve on juries, or work in the public service or in education. Mobs expressed their contempt in anti-Asian riots, the most serious of which occurred in Vancouver in 1887 and 1907. After 1885, Chinese had to pay a "head tax" to enter Canada. In 1902 a government report declared the Chinese "unfit" to be Canadians and a danger to the state. The tax was increased to $500, an impossible sum for most would-be immigrants. In 1923, a law forbade the Chinese from entering Canada. The Chinese remember it as Humiliation Day. The law was lifted in 1947.

6.1.2. Japnese The Japanese began to arrive in Canada in the 1880s and 1890s. As a result of racist feelings, in 1907, Canada persuaded Japan to limit the number of Japanese immigrants to only 400 males per year. It was stopped altogether in 1940. Restricted immigrations were allowed after 1950, but unrestricted immigration of Japanese was not resumed until 1967. The Japanese faced massive discrimination before and during World War II. They could not vote. They could only work at menial jobs for less pay than whites. They were forced to live in their own areas. South Asians

7. South Asians

7.1. Immigrants from India, and Pakistan began to arrive about 1903. They were also denied the vote and restricted to the poorest jobs. A restriction on further immigration from South Asia was declared in 1908.

7.1.1. In 1951 the restriction on immigration was eased, and a quota of only a few hundred a year was set. It was not removed until the 1960s.

8. Influx of Immigrants

8.1. Many British Canadians saw influx as a way to speed economics and thoughtof a open-door Immigration Policy. French-speaking Canadians were against it since they thought they might lose identity.

8.1.1. Many English-speaking Canadians thought that they were superior and important to Canada's identity. British and American immigrants were wanted.

8.2. influx = an arrival or entry of large numbers of people or things

8.2.1. i read lots of books so my vocab is good bruh

9. Immigrants from Austro-Hungarian empire and Germany faced discrimination. "Enemy aliens" were interned. Languages were removed from curriculum and churches were closed. Riots by soldiers and people on german clubs was common.

10. Residental school

10.1. In the 18th century, the government began a policy of confining Indians to small pieces of land, called reserves. Indian affairs were settled by the government without consulting the Indians. On the reserves, Indian children were sometimes removed from their families to go to far-off residential schools. Traditional customs were discouraged, even forbidden.

10.1.1. Europeans considered those Non-Christian to be inferior. They wanted to "save" aboriginals by converting them. Residential schools tried to convert them, culturally and religiously. Many suffered sexual and physical abuse, and many lost their native culture.

11. Prjudice towards Black People

11.1. Blacks were regarded as inferior and only the lowest jobs were open to them. Most lived in areas isolated from whites. They were refused admittance to white churches, hotels, restaurants, theatres, and swimming pools. Also they received poor education.

11.1.1. Today, Blacks have entered into Canadian society. However, they still face discrimination in some places.

11.2. Black Experience

11.2.1. Black Canadians Slavery existed British North America. By the 1860s, many came to upper Canada to escape slavery. Most Canadians opposed slavery but black people were used for cheap labour. After slavery was banned British Empire in 1833, black Canadians were more free but still had obstacles.

11.3. African-Canadian

11.3.1. Racism Protest It was “understood” that Black people attending a movie in Nova Scotia should not sit on the main floor level. It was reserved for Whites only, so to ensure that would be the case, different rates were charged for tickets.

12. Wartime Persecution

12.1. People of british descent had highest paying jobs while Asians and black people were at the bottom. Non-British/French groups were not highly in politics, education or the public service until after WW2

13. Japanese internment

13.1. During WW2, Pearl Harbor caused great hatred towards japanese people. The Canadiam Governmnet evacuated the japanese from the pacific coast. About 22 000 Japanese were put in camps.

14. WWII

14.1. During the 1930s Jews were excluded from elite social clubs, beaches and resorts. Nazi Germany created many refugees but Canada closed its doors to the refugees.

15. Aboriginal People

15.1. Early Settlement

15.1.1. Prejudice in Canada dates back to the beginnings of its settlement. It can be seen in the relations between Aboriginal peoples and European colonizers that arose in the 17th and 18th centuries. The economic interests of the fur trade helped to cement a tolerable working relationship between the colonizers and Aboriginal peoples. Large-scale settlement, however, led to deterioration in relations as Aboriginals became perceived as a hinderance rather than an aid to economic development.

16. French

16.1. The French population was placed under British rule, and had different cultures. The French were Roman Catholic and the English were Protestant, one large difference in society.

17. The Great Depression

17.1. The immigrant groups were the first to lose jobs during The Great Depression. In the 1930s, fascist groups attacked Jews and Canada did not let in jewish refugees.

18. Aftermath of War

18.1. In 1945 Canada joined United Nations and in 1948 the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

18.1.1. In 1989 the Canadian government paid reperations to the japanese for their harsh treatment. Aboriginal people started to get more educated. In 1960 the government allowed them to vote. Assimilation was viewed as bad and now the Gov. put programs to save their language and culture.

18.1.2. Asians could vote. Chinese and South Asians could now immigrate. As tolerance grew the Canadian Charter of rights passed in 1960. Asians in this context meaning people from Asia. South Asians. East Asian, Middle Eastern Asians etc.

19. Prejudice = an unfavorable opinion or feeling formed without reason.

19.1. I know what the word means sir.

19.1.1. So you know that i didn't copy paste everything. I wrote all of this in my own words and i used information from websites. Please give me a good mark.