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The Aviation Industry by Mind Map: The Aviation Industry
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The Aviation Industry

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The FAA

Part 121

In June 2009, the FAA created the Flight and Duty Time Limitations and Rest Requirements Aviation Rulemaking Committee (FDR ARC)

FAA "Call to Action"

"Fatigue—The FAA has made substantial progress toward developing a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) based on the Flight and Duty Time Limitations and Rest Requirements (FDR) Aviation Rulemaking Committee (ARC) recommendations. We anticipate NPRM publication in the spring of 2010.", New node

Pilot Fatigue must be looked at closely for the safety of the passengers. "In June 2009, the FAA chartered the Flight and Duty Time Limitations and Rest Requirements Aviation Rulemaking Committee (FDR ARC)"

The FAA is known to have a "tombstone mentality" where actions only take place after a very serous acciedent

Pilots

Working Conditions

Pensions terminated and cut

Many pilots have to work two jobs to keep up with student loans, grocery, and medical cost.

15-20,000 a year

100 hours a month

Fatigue

3.0 FAA’s Airline Safety and Pilot Training Action Plan

Fatigue Rulemaking

Focused Inspection Initiative

Training Program Review Guidance

Air Carriers’ Commitment to Most Effective Practices, New node

Labor Organizations’ Commitment, New node

Regional Safety Forums

Lost 1,000 air traffic controllers in the last 2 years

Training

To become drafted into the "major leagues" could cost a pilot

General Aviation

Decline

100ll Releasing Lead

Restricting the use of 100ll fuel

The Major Industry

Bankruptcy

Sept. 11, 2001, 33 airlines have declared bankruptcy

Cheap cuts

"These financially-strapped carriers are slow to replace an aging fleet -- some are flying planes more than 15 years old.", New node

Many major carriers now charge fees for carry on, blankets, etc

Low pilot wages

Economy- pilot wages decreased while hours increase

8,500 pilots lost their jobs

New node

lost between $3 billion and $5 billion

To save $, risk safety of people both on the ground and customers in the air

Many regional aircraft use the major industry names (such as Continental or Southwestern) to attract customers.

Continental subcontracts very small obscure airliners, however the bigger airliners do not have the same saftey standards as the smaller, A good example of this is flight 3407, who was subcontracted by continental, even painted their logo on the plans but was a totally different company all together, Everything from safety issues to the hours their pilots work all have to do with the smaller airline company, the larger "major league" companies pay no attention to this.

Over eight commercial "major lea carriers did not have any component of a notable training system

On 9 Commercial airlines 70 percent of planes were outsourced

Regional carriers pilot experience very low hours

Some pilots become captains with less than a year of expereince

Airlines take advantage of the fact that people stay flying because they love it, so they can pay pilots as little as they want and they will still do it

Accidents/Safety

Buffalo Flight 3407

"(1) the flight crew’s failure to monitor airspeed in relation to the rising position of the lowspeed cue, (2) the flight crew’s failure to adhere to sterile cockpit procedures, (3) the captain’s failure to effectively manage the flight, and (4) Colgan Air’s inadequate procedures for airspeed selection and management during approaches in icing conditions." Quoted from NTSB accident analysis

"real" problem was Colgan Air's hours which created fatigue

Flight 3407, operating as a connection flight for Continental crashed five miles from landing at Buffalo. This crash alerted FAA and NTSB and raised many questions about pilot fatigue, lack of training, and work conditions.

Fifty deaths over all

Pilot Error Statistics

Pilot Fatigue caused an estimated 300 deaths through various accidents