The Aviation Industry

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The Aviation Industry by Mind Map: The Aviation Industry

1. The FAA

1.1. Part 121

1.1.1. In June 2009, the FAA created the Flight and Duty Time Limitations and Rest Requirements Aviation Rulemaking Committee (FDR ARC)

1.2. FAA "Call to Action"

1.2.1. "Fatigue—The FAA has made substantial progress toward developing a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) based on the Flight and Duty Time Limitations and Rest Requirements (FDR) Aviation Rulemaking Committee (ARC) recommendations. We anticipate NPRM publication in the spring of 2010."

1.2.1.1. New node

1.2.2. Pilot Fatigue must be looked at closely for the safety of the passengers. "In June 2009, the FAA chartered the Flight and Duty Time Limitations and Rest Requirements Aviation Rulemaking Committee (FDR ARC)"

1.3. The FAA is known to have a "tombstone mentality" where actions only take place after a very serous acciedent

2. Pilots

2.1. Working Conditions

2.1.1. Pensions terminated and cut

2.1.2. Many pilots have to work two jobs to keep up with student loans, grocery, and medical cost.

2.2. 15-20,000 a year

2.3. 100 hours a month

2.4. Fatigue

2.5. 3.0 FAA’s Airline Safety and Pilot Training Action Plan

2.5.1. Fatigue Rulemaking

2.5.2. Focused Inspection Initiative

2.5.3. Training Program Review Guidance

2.5.4. Air Carriers’ Commitment to Most Effective Practices

2.5.4.1. New node

2.5.5. Labor Organizations’ Commitment

2.5.5.1. New node

2.5.6. Regional Safety Forums

2.6. Lost 1,000 air traffic controllers in the last 2 years

2.7. Training

2.7.1. To become drafted into the "major leagues" could cost a pilot

3. General Aviation

3.1. Decline

3.2. 100ll Releasing Lead

3.2.1. Restricting the use of 100ll fuel

4. The Major Industry

4.1. Bankruptcy

4.1.1. Sept. 11, 2001, 33 airlines have declared bankruptcy

4.2. Cheap cuts

4.2.1. "These financially-strapped carriers are slow to replace an aging fleet -- some are flying planes more than 15 years old."

4.2.1.1. New node

4.2.2. Many major carriers now charge fees for carry on, blankets, etc

4.2.3. Low pilot wages

4.3. Economy- pilot wages decreased while hours increase

4.4. 8,500 pilots lost their jobs

4.4.1. New node

4.5. lost between $3 billion and $5 billion

4.6. To save $, risk safety of people both on the ground and customers in the air

4.7. Many regional aircraft use the major industry names (such as Continental or Southwestern) to attract customers.

4.7.1. Continental subcontracts very small obscure airliners, however the bigger airliners do not have the same saftey standards as the smaller

4.7.1.1. A good example of this is flight 3407, who was subcontracted by continental, even painted their logo on the plans but was a totally different company all together

4.7.1.1.1. Everything from safety issues to the hours their pilots work all have to do with the smaller airline company, the larger "major league" companies pay no attention to this.

4.8. Over eight commercial "major lea carriers did not have any component of a notable training system

4.9. On 9 Commercial airlines 70 percent of planes were outsourced

4.10. Regional carriers pilot experience very low hours

4.10.1. Some pilots become captains with less than a year of expereince

4.11. Airlines take advantage of the fact that people stay flying because they love it, so they can pay pilots as little as they want and they will still do it

5. Accidents/Safety

5.1. Buffalo Flight 3407

5.1.1. "(1) the flight crew’s failure to monitor airspeed in relation to the rising position of the lowspeed cue, (2) the flight crew’s failure to adhere to sterile cockpit procedures, (3) the captain’s failure to effectively manage the flight, and (4) Colgan Air’s inadequate procedures for airspeed selection and management during approaches in icing conditions." Quoted from NTSB accident analysis

5.1.2. "real" problem was Colgan Air's hours which created fatigue

5.1.3. Flight 3407, operating as a connection flight for Continental crashed five miles from landing at Buffalo. This crash alerted FAA and NTSB and raised many questions about pilot fatigue, lack of training, and work conditions.

5.1.4. Fifty deaths over all

5.2. Pilot Error Statistics

5.2.1. Pilot Fatigue caused an estimated 300 deaths through various accidents