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Aristotle: Science Strikes Back! by Mind Map: Aristotle: Science Strikes Back!
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Aristotle: Science Strikes Back!


"All men by nature desire to know. For example, the delight we take in our senses."

Aristotle believes that nature does nothing by chance. We have been given senses to use them to understand the world.

How do our senses differ from other animals?

All forms of life have nutritive, reproductive, and locomotive power.

Animals differ by having the power of sensation and perception.

More complex animals have intellectual power.

Aristotle argues that humans have a special intellectual power called reason.

How does Aristotle differ from Plato and Socrates?

Aristotle is a scientific and practical thinker.

He does no believe in the world of the forms, but thinks that everything that we can understand are the things we can touch.

What is a teleological system?

Aristotle believed that everything in this world has causes (things that drive them to be created).

Example: Doryphoros

material cause: bronze and marble

formal cause: controposta to show movement; head tilted; in the nude

efficient cause: chisel and nail

final cause: didactic sculpture that teaches wisdom, beauty, and perfection; platonic sculpture because it is mathematically precise.

Where do the forms reside?

Aristotle believes that the forms lie inside the things themselves.

For example, the form of the oak tree is the inside of the acorn.

Each thin g that we see is part of a teleological (goal-oriented) system.