By What Authority?

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By What Authority? by Mind Map: By What Authority?

1. (29-33) A Window to the Heart

1.1. 29 - i will ask you .. answer me ... i will tell you

1.1.1. Humility before Jesus is key

1.1.1.1. Cyrophoneician woman

1.1.1.2. jiarius daughter

1.1.1.3. bleedign woman

1.1.1.4. Bartimaues

1.1.1.5. Like a child

1.1.2. In Mark, those who approach Jesus with hostility never receive direct answers or incontrovertible proofs from him. Garland, David E. (2011-03-01). Mark (The NIV Application Commentary Book 2) (p. 443). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

1.2. 30 - Jesus question: was John's ministry from Heaven or from man?

1.2.1. KEY: john presented a ministry that was temple-less

1.2.1.1. John came preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins that bypassed the temple cult (1: 4). It was free; no sacrifice was required except that of a repentant heart. No money exchanged hands. Garland, David E. (2011-03-01). Mark (The NIV Application Commentary Book 2) (p. 443). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

1.2.2. NOTE: They don't argue teh question, the only argue what is teh repercussions of the question

1.2.2.1. Jesus is revealing their hearts to them.

1.2.3. Question is reflective upon Jesus

1.2.3.1. John proclaims Jesus

1.2.3.2. John baptized Jesus

1.2.3.3. Same message

1.2.3.4. “And he preached, saying, “After me comes he who is mightier than I, the strap of whose sandals I am not worthy to stoop down and untie. I have baptized you with water, but he will baptize you with the Holy Spirit.”” (Mark 1:7–8, ESV)

1.2.3.5. SO ----

1.2.4. heaven or man?

1.2.4.1. These are the category for John and for Jesus

1.2.4.2. See - it's that. It's either from Man or from God

1.3. 31-33a We do not know

1.3.1. The game = if we say this, if we say that

1.3.1.1. Thsi is the leaders - not of truth, but of self-preservation

1.3.1.2. Willing to lose their eternity than to lose the "den of robbers"

1.3.2. The confession - we do not know

1.3.2.1. But they did know, or suspected - for some even came out to be baptized. The plead ignorance but here they are really playing that "I know but don't want to lose what i got game" - but remember , better to lose hand and eyes than enter hell

1.3.3. discuss

1.3.3.1. The Greek word for "discussed," dialogizesthai, appears seven times in Mark, always in contexts of people trying to evade the force of Jesus' word or claim on them. 7 The Edwards Jr., James R. (2009-10-05). The Gospel according to Mark (Pillar New Testament Commentary) (Kindle Locations 6412-6413). Eerdmans Publishing Co - A. Kindle Edition.

1.4. 33b - Neither will I tell you

2. (12:12) A Response of Rejection

2.1. verses

2.1.1. Mark 12:12 (ESV) — 12 And they were seeking to arrest him but feared the people, for they perceived that he had told the parable against them. So they left him and went away.

2.1.2. remember, this is not new

2.1.2.1. “And the chief priests and the scribes heard it and were seeking a way to destroy him, for they feared him, because all the crowd was astonished at his teaching.” (Mark 11:18, ESV)

2.2. Observation

2.2.1. What the parable said they would do , they're doing

2.3. Truth does two things to us

2.3.1. Pricks our hearts, breaks our hearts, leads our hearts to repent and humlity

2.3.2. Pricks our hearts, breaks our hearts, double down on rebellion

3. (12:10-11) A Statement of Hope

3.1. Verses

3.1.1. Mark 12:10–11 (ESV) — 10 Have you not read this Scripture: “ ‘The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone; 11 this was the Lord’s doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes’?”

3.1.2. Cross ref

3.1.2.1. “The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone. This is the LORD’s doing; it is marvelous in our eyes. This is the day that the LORD has made; let us rejoice and be glad in it. Save us, we pray, O LORD! O LORD, we pray, give us success!” (Psalm 118:22–25, ESV)

3.1.3. Same verse that singing in triumpal entry!

3.1.3.1. Key this means that the trimphal entry was triumpahl - because here teh Fathe rhas sent the son to do what no one else could - top re-establish covennat with his vineyard!

3.2. PROVIDENTIAL PLAN OF GOD

3.2.1. Acts 4

3.2.2. Jesus trust God is in control

3.2.3. Important for Roman gentiles

3.3. This was the Lords doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes

3.3.1. Pslalm 118

3.3.2. Jesus did this - this new start, end of temple

3.4. "he has become the cornerstone"

3.4.1. Jesus is the new temple

3.5. Jesus is in control. He intended o die

4. (27-28) The Question of Authority

4.1. 27

4.1.1. Note the people: chief priests, scribes and elders

4.1.1.1. These are the same as Jesus predicted - “And he began to teach them that the Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and the chief priests and the scribes and be killed, and after three days rise again. And he said this plainly. And Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him.” (Mark 8:31–32, ESV)

4.2. 28

4.2.1. Challenge to jesus because they are offended

4.2.1.1. The importance of the temple

4.2.1.1.1. The temple was the central institution of Israel’s religious, political, and economic life. Economically, it dominated more than just the skyline of Jerusalem. It also served as the central bank, the capital building, and Wall Street. For most people living in the city, the temple was their means of employment. Politically, the temple was the power base and source of wealth for the priestly hierarchy, who ruled Judea under the Roman governor. Religiously, the temple marked the separation between the holy and secular, and it became the symbol of God’s abiding favor and presence among the people. The Holy of Holies was regarded as a radioactive core of holiness that could fend off and purify the evil that surrounded Israel. Garland, David E. (2011-03-01). Mark (The NIV Application Commentary Book 2) (p. 445). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

4.2.1.1.2. As Waetjen puts it well, the temple was “the one place where heaven and earth are united, that absolute point of reference which, like the North Star, serves as a compass and guarantees a divine security in the passage through life.” Garland, David E. (2011-03-01). Mark (The NIV Application Commentary Book 2) (p. 445). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

4.2.1.1.3. Later rabbis depict the temple “as the capstone that prevents the abyss from rising again to inundate the world and undo the work of creation.” Garland, David E. (2011-03-01). Mark (The NIV Application Commentary Book 2) (p. 445). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

4.2.1.2. Mk 11:18 And the chief priests and the scribes heard it and were seeking a way to destroy him, for they feared him, because all the crowd was astonished at his teaching.

4.2.2. The Question

4.2.2.1. By what authority

4.2.2.2. And gave you this authority

4.2.2.3. *** THIS IS THE POINT OF MARK

4.2.2.3.1. “The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.” (Mark 1:1, ESV)

4.3. When Jesus cleans house, ends things - what right do you have?

4.3.1. ILL: UCLA - Shut up!!

4.3.1.1. 25 years later

4.3.1.1.1. Fullerton College - guy in crowd - you have no right!

5. Massive hard truth - end of the tmple

5.1. To denounce the temple was like to come to America and denounce the constitution

5.2. den of theives

6. INtroduction

6.1. LUTHER - An open letter to Pope Leo X - 9/6/1520

6.1.1. The Roman church, once the holiest of all, has become the most licentious den of thieves, the most shameless of all brothels, the kingdom of sin, death, and hell. It is so bad that even Antichrist himself, if he should come, could think of nothing to add to its wickedness. Garland, David E. (2011-03-01). Mark (The NIV Application Commentary Book 2) (p. 446). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

6.1.2. That was at that time. Why? Cause Pope Leo - give examples

6.1.3. Den of theives

7. Connection to last week

7.1. What we see of the next few weeks is how devilish these thieves are in Jesus time!

7.2. Jesus denounces it

7.3. Jesus will be questioned by it's leaders

7.3.1. Sanhedrin - religious and political

7.3.2. 71

7.3.3. compiresed of pharisees, saduecess, scribes

7.4. Jesus will question the leaderse

7.5. Then we get this glimpse of true life in the temple

7.6. All this leads up to the predicton of the temples end

8. Illustration

8.1. Jesus ' “appearance in our midst has made it undeniably clear that changing the human heart and changing human society are not separate tasks, but are as interconnected as the two beams of the cross.” - Henri J. M. Nouwen, The Wounded Healer

9. Conclusion

9.1. Practical application

9.2. Theological application

9.3. Faith application

10. (29-12:9) A Story that Warns

10.1. (12:1-12) The question of the owner of the vineyard

10.1.1. GENERAL

10.1.1.1. Followup from Mark 4 - there the story is making a field. here it is tending what sprouts

10.1.1.2. The parable describes "the kind of thing that went on in Galilee during the half century preceding the general revolt of A.D. 66." 11 Secular records of the day as well as rabbinic literature depict a widespread system of absentee landowners who employed middle men to supervise tenant farmers. 12 Such practices became the raw data for illustrative stories and morals well beyond the circle of Jesus. A rabbinic commentary dating nearly a century after Jesus developed the following parable on the theme, Edwards Jr., James R. (2009-10-05). The Gospel according to Mark (Pillar New Testament Commentary) (Kindle Locations 6440-6444). Eerdmans Publishing Co - A. Kindle Edition.

10.1.2. 1-12 - parable

10.1.2.1. NOTE HOW THIS PARABLE CONNECTS TO THE FIG TREE

10.1.2.1.1. "season" vs 2

10.1.2.1.2. looking for fruit - vs 2

10.1.2.2. exposition

10.1.2.2.1. 1 - What was done to the vineyard

10.1.2.2.2. 2-8 - Looking for fruit

10.1.2.2.3. 9 - Judgement

10.1.3. App

10.1.3.1. As servants - we are only servants. This is never our ministry, never our church, never our people (unless you say it enduringly) as in my chidlren.

10.1.3.2. we try to push God out - thinking we can erase God. This is my vineyard now. My thing. God is not so easilty erased

10.1.3.2.1. ILL:

10.1.3.3. we make a mistake by thinking God's forevearance and patience means he's impotent, powerless, unjust. Don't take grace for granted.

10.1.3.3.1. Unbleiever - you will die.

10.1.3.3.2. Beleiver

10.1.3.3.3. His kindnees is meant to lead to repentnace (ROM 2:4)

10.1.3.3.4. “I spread out my hands all the day to a rebellious people, who walk in a way that is not good, following their own devices; a people who provoke me to my face continually, sacrificing in gardens and making offerings on bricks;” (Isaiah 65:2–3, ESV)

10.1.3.3.5. Romans 11:19-21

10.1.3.3.6. SON IS FINAL ANSWER - NOTHING ELESE

10.1.3.4. Two things about this parable should stand out to you

10.1.3.4.1. The hard heart of the tennants

10.1.3.4.2. The love of teh land owner

10.1.3.5. Jesus knew exactly what was happening

10.1.3.5.1. There have always been critics who said that Jesus was a noble teacher, He was a religious leader and He was a spiritual man. He had grandiose ideas of what He wanted to accomplish. He wanted to teach people true religion. He wanted to teach people morality and virtue. He made a noble effort at it but it all kind of went bad. It all ended up in a terrible tragedy. He got caught in the gears of His own ambition and He ended up dead and the critics have often said this was not the plan, it was a tragic ending to a noble effort. Well, of course, nothing could be further from the truth than that Jesus was surprised by His death. Jesus was not surprised by His death, He came for that purpose. The murder of Jesus came as no surprise to Him. The cross was the very reason for which He came. Scripture says He was the Lamb slain from before the foundation of the world, and, believe me, from before the foundation of the world, the eternal Son knew exactly why He was coming into the world. And even Jesus the man in the world understood that the purpose of His incarnation was His death and resurrection. So He lived in the perfect understanding of the inevitability of the cross. And in the days prior to His death, the weeks and months prior to His death, He spoke often about what was coming. Contrary to being a surprise, He knew the details before the people who carried them out even knew the details.

10.1.3.6. leaders -

10.1.3.6.1. every sphere of our leadership - it's on loan.

10.1.3.6.2. not ours. we treat it right, people right

10.1.3.7. AS A CHURCH

10.1.3.7.1. God also requires our community to be a forgiving one (11: 25).

10.1.3.7.2. God requires that our place of worship be a house of prayer for all nations (11: 17).

10.1.3.7.3. We are to render to God what belongs to God (12: 17).

10.1.3.7.4. We are also to love God with all our heart, soul, mind, and strength (12: 30), and our neighbors as ourselves (12: 31). Garland, David E. (2011-03-01). Mark (The NIV Application Commentary Book 2) (p. 460). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

10.1.3.7.5. We are also to love our neighbors as ourselves (12: 31).

10.1.3.7.6. In other words, God expects the vineyard, God’s people, to be an accepting, prayerful, forgiving, devoted, and loving fellowship built around his Son, the one stone that binds everything together.