Categories of disability under IDEA

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Categories of disability under IDEA by Mind Map: Categories of disability under IDEA

1. Hearing Impairment

1.1. Enhance Your Understanding of Your Student's Hearing Loss and Special Communication Needs

1.2. Keep Track of Your Student's Progress to Make Decisions for Intervention and Education

1.3. Help Your Student Stay on Schedule with Speech, Language and Communication Skills

1.4. Case Studies


1.5. Assistive Technology


2. Developmental Delay

2.1. Physical Therapy

2.2. Counseling and Training for the Family

2.3. Speech and Language Services

2.4. Psychological Services

2.5. Assistive Technology Links



3. Emotional Disturbance

3.1. Establish Open, Accepting Environment

3.2. Clearly State Class Rules and Consequences

3.3. Reinforce Positive Behavior

3.4. Teach Social Skills

3.5. Teach Academic Survival Skills

3.6. Assistive Technology



4. Multiple disabilities

4.1. Know the Needs, Play to the Strengths

4.2. Be Familiar with the Student's IEP

4.3. Make Modifications

4.4. Allow Partial Participation, As Necessary

4.5. Let the IEP Team Know What Program Supports or Modifications You Need

4.6. Assistive Technology


5. Orthopedic Impairment

5.1. Instruction Focused on Development of Gross and Fine Motor Skills

5.2. Special Seating Arrangements to Develop Useful Posture and Movements

5.3. Securing Suitable Augmentative Communication and Other Assistive Devices

5.4. Awareness of Medical Condition and Its Affect on the Student (such as getting tired quickly)

5.5. Assistive Technology

5.5.1. Speech Recognition Software

5.5.2. Screen Reading Software

5.5.3. Augmentative and Alternative Communication Devices (such as communication boards)

5.5.4. Academic Software Packages for Students with Disabilities

6. Autism

6.1. Parent Education and Training

6.2. Cognitive Behavior Therapy

6.3. Social Skills and Speech Therapy Training

6.4. Applied Behavioral Analysis

6.5. Sensory Integration/Occupational Therapy

6.6. Medication

6.7. Case Studies


6.8. Assistive Technology




7. Deaf-blindness

7.1. Audiological Services

7.2. Occupational and Physical Therapy

7.3. Vision Services

7.4. Speech and Language Therapy

7.5. Family Training, Counseling, and Home Visit

7.6. Assistive Technology



8. Deafness

8.1. Assistive Technology


8.1.2. Hearing Aids

8.1.3. Cochlear Implants

8.1.4. Bone-anchored Hearing Aids

8.1.5. FM System

8.1.6. Closed Captioning

8.2. Circular Seating Arrangements

8.3. Keep Front Seats Open for Deaf Students When Lecturing

8.4. Repeat Comments and Questions from Other Students

8.5. Have a Hearing Student Team Up with a Deaf Student

8.6. Face the Class While Speaking

8.7. Provide Transcripts of Audio Information

9. Other Health Impairment

9.1. Allow Extra Time for These Students to Shift from One Activity or Environment to the Next

9.2. Teach These Students Specific Techniques for Organizing Their Thoughts and Materials. Organize the Classroom Accordingly, and Keep All Materials in Permanent Locations for Easy Access

9.3. Allow Extra Time for Finishing Assignments or for Testing

9.4. For More Complex Activities, Simplify Steps to Make Them More Manageable

9.5. Seat the Student Close to the Teacher and Away From Any Peers That Might Be Distracting

9.6. Post a Daily and Weekly Schedule That Clearly Delineates Each Activity. These Schedules Can Then Be Used As Prompts to Direct the Student Back on Task

9.7. Keep These Schedules as Consistent as Possible, and Keep Unstructured Time at a Minimum

9.8. Assistive Technology


10. Specific Learning Disability

10.1. Teaching Strategies

10.1.1. Teaching Strategies for Students with Perceptual Difficulties

10.1.2. Teaching Strategies for Students with Attention Difficulties

10.1.3. Teaching Strategies for Students with Memory Difficulties

10.1.4. Teaching Word-Analysis Skills

10.1.5. Teaching Reading Comprehension

10.1.6. Teaching Writing

10.1.7. Direct Instruction

10.1.8. Assistive Technology

11. Speech or Language Impairment

11.1. Teaching Strategies

11.1.1. Helping Children with Articulation Disorders to Learn Proper Production of Speech Sounds

11.1.2. Helping Children Who Stutter to Speak More Fluently

11.1.3. Assisting Children with Voice Disorders to Improve Their Voice Quality

11.1.4. Helping Individuals with Aphasia to Relearn Speech and Language Skills

11.1.5. Assisting Individuals Who Have Difficulty Swallowing as a Result of Illness, Surgery, Stroke, or Injury

11.1.6. Evaluating, Selecting, and Developing Augmentative and Alternative Communication Systems

11.1.7. Enhancing Communication Effectiveness

11.2. Assistive Technology


12. Visual Impairment, Inluding Blindness

12.1. It's OK to Look and See

12.2. Audiovisual Presentations and Demonstrations Are Made Accessible to Severely Visually Impaired Students by Providing Verbal Explanations

12.3. Importance of Seating

12.4. Braille Materials Take An Exceptionally Long Time to Order and/or Prepare

12.5. Expect the Visually Impaired Student to Complete the Same Assignments As the Rest of the Class

12.6. Independence Is of Primary Importance

12.7. Doors and Drawers

12.8. Address Students by Name

12.9. Assistive Technology





12.10. Case Studies


13. Traumatic Brain Injury

13.1. Teaching Strategies

13.1.1. Provide Repetition and Consistency

13.1.2. Demonstrate New Tasks, State Instructions, and Provide Examples to Illustrate Ideas and Concepts

13.1.3. Avoid Figurative Language

13.1.4. Reinforce Lengthening Periods of Attention to Appropriate Tasks

13.1.5. Probe Skill Acquisition Frequently and Provide Repeated Practice

13.1.6. Teach Compensatory Strategies for Increasing Memory

13.1.7. Be Prepared for Students' Reduced Stamina and Increased Fatigue and Provide Rest Breaks as Needed

13.1.8. Keep the Environment as Distraction-free as Possible

13.2. Assistive Technology


14. Intellectual Disability

14.1. Teaching Strategies

14.1.1. Teach One Concept or Activity Component at a Time

14.1.2. Teach One Step at a Time to Help Support Memorization and Sequencing

14.1.3. Teach Students in Small Groups, or One-on-one, if Possible

14.1.4. Always Provide Multiple Opportunities to Practice Skills in a Number of Different Settings

14.1.5. Use Physical and Verbal Prompting to Guide Correct Responses, and Provide Specific Verbal Praise to Reinforce These Responses

14.2. Assistive Technology