Abnormal Psychology

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Abnormal Psychology by Mind Map: Abnormal Psychology

1. Depressive Disorders

1.1. Experiences extreme or inappropriate emotions

1.1.1. Major depressive disorder: most common mood disorder. More than two weeks.

1.1.2. Seasonal affective disorder (SAD): depression experienced only during certain times of the year, usually where there is less sunlight

1.1.3. Bipolar Disorder: Involves both depressed and manic episodes

2. Schizophrenic Disorders

2.1. Disordered, distorted thinking often demonstrated through delusions, hallucinations, disorganized language, and/or unusual affect and motor behavior

2.1.1. Delusions: Beliefs that have no basis in reality

2.1.2. Hallucinations: Perceptions in the absence of any sensory stimulation

2.1.3. Neologisms: Making up their own words

2.1.4. Inappropriate Effect: Reacting in inappropriate ways to events

2.1.5. Flat Effect: Having no emotional response

2.1.6. Clang Associations: Stringing together nonsense words that rhyme

2.1.7. Catatonia: a motor problem (wavy flexibility)

3. Personality Disorders

3.1. Well-established, maladaptive ways of behaving that negatively affect people's ability to function

3.1.1. Antisocial Personality Disorder: have little regard for other people's feelings

3.1.2. Dependent Personality Disorder: rely too much on the attention and help of others

3.1.3. Paranoid Personality Disorder: feel persecuted

3.1.4. Narcissistic Personality Disorder: seeing oneself as the center of the universe

3.1.5. Histrionic Personality Disorder: connotes overly dramatic behavior

4. Causes

4.1. Psychoanalytical

4.1.1. Internal, unconscious conflicts

4.2. Humanistic

4.2.1. Failure to strive toward one's potential or being out of touch with one's feelings

4.3. Behavioral

4.3.1. Reinforcement history, the environment

4.4. Cognitive

4.4.1. Irrational, dysfunctional thoughts or ways of thinking

4.5. Sociocultural

4.5.1. Dysfunctional society

4.6. Biomedical

4.6.1. Organic problems, biochemical imbalances, genetic predispositions

5. Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders

5.1. Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): involves flashbacks or nightmares following a person's involvement in or observation of a very troubling event

6. Paraphilias

6.1. Pedophilia: attraction to children

6.2. Zoophilia: attraction to animals

6.3. Fetishism: attraction to objects

7. Substance-related and Addictive Disorders

7.1. When the use of such substances or behaviors like gambling regularly negatively affects a person's life

8. Anxiety Disorders

8.1. Share a common symptom of anxiety

8.1.1. Phobias Intense unwarranted fear of a situation or object Claustrophobia: fear of enclosed spaces Arachnophobia: fear of spiders Agoraphobia: fear of open, public spaces

8.1.2. General Anxiety Disorder (GAD) Experiences constant, low-level anxiety

8.1.3. Panic Disorder Acute episodes of intense anxiety without any apparent provocation Panic attack: additional anxiety due to anticipating the attacks

9. Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders

9.1. When a person manifests a psychological problem through a physiological symptom

9.1.1. Conversion Disorder: report the existence of a severe physical problem such as paralysis or blindness, and they will, in face, be unable to move their arms or see

10. Dissociative Disorders

10.1. Disruption in Consciousness

10.1.1. Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID): a person who has multiple personalities

10.1.2. Psychogenic Amnesia: Trauma so repressed, it breaks off into different consciouses

11. Definition

11.1. Maladaptive and/or disturbing to individual

11.2. Disturbing to others

11.3. Unusual (rare)

11.4. Irrational

12. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD): overly concerned with certain thoughts and behaviors

13. Feeding and Eating Disorders

13.1. Anorexia Nervosa: self-starvation

13.2. Bulimia: involves a binge-purge cycle

14. Neurodevelopment Disorders

14.1. Autism Spectrum Disorder: seek out less social and emotional contact

14.2. Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): difficulty paying attention or sitting still

15. Neurocognitive Disorders

15.1. Alzheimer's Disease: a deterioration of cognitive abilities