Canada's Participation in War

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Canada's Participation in War by Mind Map: Canada's Participation in War

1. 1914-1918

2. WWII

3. WWI

4. Historical Battles

5. 1935-1945

6. Somme

6.1. Offensive Attack

6.1.1. seen as an opportunity to stop German forces

6.2. Under British Command

6.2.1. British General Douglas Haig

6.3. Poor planned/ stratigised

6.3.1. resulted in over 24, 000 Canadian deaths

7. Vimy Ridge

7.1. Under Canadian Command

7.1.1. General Arthur Currie

7.2. Offensive Attack

7.2.1. the ridge was seen as a vantage point for whoever held it

7.2.2. German troops surrendered 2 days later

7.3. Used Creeping Barrage Tactic

7.3.1. artillery would fire just in front of the troops to provide cover for them

7.3.2. troops wold be on top of German forces before they couple ready themselves

7.3.3. had to be executed precisely, with troops meeting at specific locations and the right time

7.4. Troops and Casualties

7.4.1. 40,000 troops went over the trenches and around 36,400 came back alive

8. Contribution to War

8.1. Military

8.1.1. 424, 000 soldies

8.1.2. 8, 000 sailors

8.1.3. 35, 972 pilots

8.2. Artillery

8.2.1. Guns

8.2.2. Ammunition

8.2.3. Mortars

8.3. Machinery

8.3.1. Planes

8.3.2. Battleships

9. Ypres

9.1. Place

9.1.1. town in Belgium

9.2. First time chemical warfare was ever used

9.2.1. resulted in around 6,000 casualties

9.2.2. chemicals would cause suffering of the troops

9.3. Under British Command

9.4. Defensive Attack

10. Passchendale

10.1. Under British Command

10.1.1. General Douglais Haig

10.2. Third Battle of Ypres

10.3. Rough Turrain

10.3.1. Craters were made from the bombardment

10.3.2. Land was demormend

10.3.3. Rain slowed the troops

10.4. Casualties

10.4.1. 15,654

11. 100 Days

11.1. Amiens

11.1.1. August 8, 1918

11.2. Canal du Nordi

11.2.1. September. 27, 1918

11.3. Cambrai

11.3.1. October 11, 1918

11.4. Mons

11.4.1. November 11, 1918

12. 1947-1991

13. Cold War

14. 1947-Present

15. Peacekeeping

16. Lester B. Pearson

16.1. Lived From

16.1.1. April 23, 1897-December 27, 1972

16.2. Prime Minister

16.2.1. 1963-1968

16.3. Nobel Peace Prize

16.3.1. Won for his role in the Suez Crisis

17. Dunkirk

17.1. The evacuation of British and French troops

17.1.1. 330, 000 soldiers were trapped by German forces

17.1.2. "little ships" were used for the evacuation of British and French troops

17.2. Troops were surrounded on the beaches of Dunkirk

17.3. German forces were never ordered to make a full scale attack

17.3.1. so, all soldiers were evacuated to Britain

18. Battles

19. Battle of Britain

19.1. The RAF and Luftwaffle clashed over the skies of Britain in the longest bombing campaign to that date

19.1.1. the German air force failed to control the skies over Britain

19.1.1.1. around 21% of RAF fighter pilots were lost on average every month

19.1.1.2. 16% of Luftwaffle fighter pilots were lost on average each month

19.2. the battle consisted of planes fighting overhead instead of troops fighting on ground

19.2.1. on August 13-15 the Luftwaffe turned to bombing RAF air bases

19.3. Britain were supplied with planes, troops and trained pilots from Canada

19.4. British advance in radar technology could detect German air forces, and be in the air before they had a chance to attack

20. Hong Kong

20.1. The battle was the first of many battles of the War of the Pacific in WWII

20.1.1. even though the troops had no chance of victory, they refused to back down until they were overran by enemy forces

20.1.1.1. for those that survived, they were taken prisoners

20.2. In October 1941, a group of Canadian troops were ordered for service in the Pacific

20.2.1. the battalion consisted of 1,975 soldiers

20.2.1.1. 290 soldiers were killed in battle

20.2.1.2. 264 more died as prisoners held by Japanese forces

20.2.1.3. close to 500 Canadians were wounded

21. Dieppe Raid

21.1. Took place on the northern coast of France

21.1.1. the coast was a small French port of Dieppe

21.2. 4,963 Canadian soldiers were involved in the operation

21.2.1. the raid resulted in over 900 Canadian deaths

21.2.2. thousand more soldiers were either wounded or taken prisoners

21.3. The operation was not successful, but provided many lessons for other assaults

22. Italian Campaign

22.1. The campaign began with the Allied forces landing in Sicily

22.1.1. the operation began when Canadian and British troops came ashore the tip of Sicily

22.1.1.1. the assault was the largest seaborne operation in military history

22.1.1.2. the operation involved 3,000 Allied ships and landing crafts

22.1.2. the fighting would last more than four weeks of fighting

22.2. The liberation of mainland Italy started on September 3, 1943

22.2.1. after the loss of Sicily, Germany was was determined to hold the Italian mainland

22.3. The campaign totalled more than 26,000 casualties for Canadian troops

23. D-Day

23.1. Place

23.1.1. 50 mile stretch along the five beaches of Normandy, France

23.2. The objective was to liberate Western Europe from Nazi Control

23.3. The battle began when 156,000 American, British, and Canadian forces stormed the beaches of Normandy

23.3.1. British and Canadian troops captured beaches Gold, Juno, and Sword

23.3.2. US forces faced heavy resistance at Utah and Omaha Beach

23.4. By late August, all of Northern France had been liberated

23.4.1. the landing was called the beginning of the end of the war

23.4.2. June 11, the beaches were secured with over 326,000 troops, 50,000 vehicles, and 100,000 tons of equipment was held at Normandy

24. Liberation of Europe

24.1. In the ending of WWII, 1944-1945, the rest of Europe began to be liberated by Allied forces

24.1.1. the Allies began to take large numbers of prisoners from the Axis powers

24.1.2. Concentration camps began to be liberated by Allied forces in the West

24.1.3. Mussolini, dictator of Italy, is killed and Italy surrenders

24.1.4. Hitler commits suicide, April 29, and Germany surrenders shortly after

24.2. May 8, 1945, is Victory in Europe Day which marks the end of WWII with German unconditional surrender of its forces

25. Battle of the Atlantic

25.1. Longest military engagement of WWII

25.2. Fought by the Royal Canadian Navy and Royal Canadian Air force

25.2.1. more than 4,600 men and women lost their lives at sea

25.3. ended May 1945

26. War in the Pacific

26.1. Started with Japan's invasion on Pearl Harbour

26.1.1. In a surprise, Japan bombed US naval base, Pearl Harbour

26.2. Japanese forces attacked to control eastern Asia and the Pacific

26.2.1. Battle between the US and Japan broke out in the Pacific

26.3. Japan eventually surrendered on August 15, 1945

26.3.1. Japan's surrender came after the US dropped two atomic bombs

26.3.2. The bombs destroyed the cities of Hiroshima, August 6, and Nagasaki, August 9,

27. Peacekeeping Missions

28. Korea

28.1. 1947-48

28.1.1. supervise elections

28.2. 1950-53

28.2.1. sends in troops

29. Palestine

29.1. supervise and monitor ceasefire

30. India and Pakistan

30.1. 1949

30.1.1. supervise ceasefire between India and Pakistan

30.2. 1965-66

30.2.1. Canada send contingent to border India and Pakistan

31. Egypt

31.1. 1956

31.1.1. supervise French, Israeli, and English withdrawl

31.2. 1973-79

31.2.1. supervise ceasefire between Egypt and Israel

32. Lebanon

32.1. Canada sends contingent to Lebanon

33. Congo

33.1. sent to restore order in African nation

33.2. assist in the removal of Belgium troops

34. West New Guinea

34.1. sent to monitor ceasefire between Netherlands and Indonesia

34.1.1. help peacfully transition of the territory to Indonesia

34.2. assist with maintaining rule of law and protecting human rights

35. Yemen

35.1. Canada sends contingent

36. Cyprus

36.1. maintain balance between Greek and Turkish over newly created island

37. Dominican Republic

37.1. to contribute to ceasefire

37.2. to withdraw OAS Forces

38. Israel and Syria

38.1. sends contingent to buffer zone between Israel and Syria

38.2. provide support for UN forces

39. Afghanistan

39.1. Canada sends contingent

40. Iran and Iraq

40.1. sends conginent to Iran-Iraq borders

41. Angola

41.1. assist in withdrawal of Cuban forces

42. Nambilia

42.1. Canada send contingent

43. Haiti

43.1. 1990

43.1.1. observe election process

43.2. 1993

43.2.1. Canada sends 750 military personnel and 30 civilian police

43.3. 1994

43.3.1. Canada send contingent to UN blockade of Haiti

43.4. 1996

43.4.1. Canada contributes 752 military personnel and 100 civilian police

43.5. 1997

43.5.1. Canada sends 650 military personnel and 60 civilian police

43.5.2. 22 civilian police and police trainers

43.6. 2004

43.6.1. Canada sends 66 civilian police and 5 military personnel

44. Knor Abdullah

44.1. monitor waterway between Iraq and Kuwait

45. El Salvador

45.1. Canada sends contingent to monitor ceasefire following the 12 year civil war in El Salvador

46. Bosnia and Herzgovina

46.1. Canada sends 30 civilian police

47. Guatemala

47.1. Canada monitors the ceasefire agreement

48. Contribution to War

48.1. Military

48.1.1. 750, 000 soldiers

48.1.2. 100, 000 sailors

48.1.3. 250, 000 pilots

48.2. Artillery

48.2.1. Guns

48.2.2. Ammunition

48.2.3. Bombs

48.2.4. Mortars

48.3. Machinery

48.3.1. Planes

48.3.2. Battleships

48.3.3. Tanks

49. Canada's Role

50. The United States

51. The United Nations

52. Peacekeeping

52.1. Canada aided in peacekeeping with the UN

53. NORAD

53.1. North American Aerospace Defence Command

53.1.1. an air-defence system in northern Canada

53.1.2. role was to warn of Soviet bombers and/or missiles

54. Projects

54.1. Avro Arrow

54.1.1. was a delta winged interceptor aircraft

54.1.1.1. was seen as an advanced technical acheivement

54.1.1.2. also an aerodynamic achievement for Canadian aviation industry

54.1.2. study began in 1953

54.1.3. Black Friday

54.1.3.1. February 20, 1959

54.1.3.2. put 14,528 employees out of work

54.1.3.3. nearly another 15,000 employees in suppliers

55. NATO

55.1. Canada's role was to secure shipping lanes between North America and Europe

55.2. they would make sure all trade supplies would make it from place to place

55.3. Canada supplied their Navy since it was one of the largest at that point n time

55.3.1. Canada since then has sold most of their warships and planes

56. Strained When...

56.1. Canada withdrew warheads

56.2. Pierre Trudeau recognized People'sRepublic of China

56.3. Pierre grew in relations with Castro

56.4. Pierre decreased troops at NATO in Europe