IDEA Disabilities

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IDEA Disabilities by Mind Map: IDEA Disabilities

1. Developmental delay

2. Intellectual disability

3. Multiple disabilities

4. Specific learning disability

5. Speech or language impairment

6. Traumatic brain injury

7. Visual impairment, including blindness

8. the term developmental delay, as defined by each State, means a delay in one or more of the following areas: physical development; cognitive development; communication; social or emotional development; or adaptive [behavioral] development.

8.1. Classroom setup and seating arrangement, routines, and being very predictable

9. …means significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently [at the same time] with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

9.1. Teach one-on-one or in small groups, Teach one concept at a time and step by step.

10. …means concomitant [simultaneous] impairments (such as intellectual disability-blindness, intellectual disability-orthopedic impairment, etc.), the combination of which causes such severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in a special education program solely for one of the impairments. The term does not include deaf-blindness.

10.1. Accommodations: Allow for oral or written responses where applicable, shorter assignments, Allow for one-on-one time with the student, use of assistive technology like special keyboards of speech to text

11. means a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations.

11.1. Accommodations: Peer note takers, and reduce instances of stress like having a dyslexic person read out loud, shorter assignments or more time to complete them

12. …means a communication disorder such as stuttering, impaired articulation, a language impairment, or a voice impairment that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

12.1. Use simple phrases and avoid colloquialisms, do not assume student understands, allow for one-on-one time and use written reports in place of oral ones.

13. …means an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

13.1. Accommodations: Quality over quantity, frequent breaks, extra time to complete assignments. Can use specialized chairs, and computer programs to assist in their learning.

14. …means an impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term includes both partial sight and blindness.

14.1. Accommodations: Use of a reader or teacher can verbalize all information, can use text-to-speech programs or machines.

15. Autism

16. Deaf-Blindness

17. Deafness

18. Emotional disturbance

19. Hearing impairment

20. Orthopedic impairment

21. Other health impairment

22. …means a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age three, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

22.1. Accommodations: classroom safe space, extra time for work, a safe way to get between classes without being overwhelmed.

22.2. What is it like to be autistic?

23. …means concomitant [simultaneous] hearing and visual impairments, the combination of which causes such severe communication and other developmental and educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for children with deafness or children with blindness.

23.1. Accommodations:: Highly personalized early childhood interventions, special services in school though and IEP, touch cues, and object symbols

24. …means a hearing impairment so severe that a child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

24.1. Accommodations: Sign language, note takers, use of an interpreter, and Closed captions.

25. ....means having the inability to learn this is NOT caused by intellectual, sensory, or health factors. Inability to form relationships, inappropriate behaviors in normal situations, general mood of unhappiness or depression, develop fears associated with personal or school problems

25.1. Accommodations: Individual work, self control training,, interpersonal skills training especially conflict resolution.

26. …means an impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance but is not included under the definition of “deafness.”

26.1. Same as deafness but with the added benefit of hearing aides, cochlear implants, or other assistive technologies.

26.2. Video of a teacher with cochlear implants and her personal journey

27. …means a severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term includes impairments caused by a congenital anomaly, impairments caused by disease

27.1. Special seating and work on gross and fine motor skills.

27.2. Example:

28. …means having limited strength, vitality, or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment

28.1. Accommodations: frequent bathroom breaks, extra time on assignments or alternative assignments, safe space in the classroom, flexible seating arrangements, and reduce distractions in the classroom.

29. Sources: Center for Parent Information and Resources, retrieved from Project IDEAL, retrieved from