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Making plural by Mind Map: Making plural
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Making plural

Regular plural

table - tables

Adding -s to the end of the noun. Example: This house has a lot of tables.  

fox - foxes

Adding -es to a noun that ends with s, z, x, ch, or sh. Example: Foxes are small to medium-sized canids.

baby - babies

If a noun ends in a consonant + -y, changing the y to an i and adding -es. Example: Everybody loves babies.

tomato - tomatoes

Some nouns end in -o need -es to form the plural. Example: I sowed my tomatoes quite early last year.

disco - discos

Some nouns end in -o need only -s to form the plural. Example: You have many discos in Madrid.

knife - knives

Some nouns end in -f or -fe are changed to -ves to form the plural. Example: Strider knives are heavy duty hardcore tools.

roof - roofs

Some nouns end in -f simply need only -s to form the plural. Example: The roofs are leaky.

Irregular plural

child - children

Some nouns have irregular plural forms that do not end in -s. Example: The children saw a sheep and a deer.

sheep - sheep

Some nouns have the same singular and plural forms. Example: Sheep are warm and fuzzy.


Some nouns have only plural forms. Robotics is the engineering science and technology of robots.

medium - media

Some nouns that English has borrowed from other languages have foreign plurals. Example: Mass media denotes a section of the media specifically designed to reach a large audience.

man- men

The plural is sometimes formed by simply changing the vowel sound of the singular, in a process called ablaut. Example: Those men are very strong.

woman- women