Ed Brandao - U4M2A3 - Special Education Categories and Accommodations

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Ed Brandao - U4M2A3 - Special Education Categories and Accommodations by Mind Map: Ed Brandao - U4M2A3 - Special Education Categories and Accommodations

1. Deaf-blindness

1.1. Accommodations

1.1.1. Use of Student Aids/ Accommodations

1.1.1.1. Assistive Listening Devices

1.1.1.2. Interpreters

1.1.1.3. Notetakers

1.1.1.4. Tutors

1.1.1.5. Readers

1.1.2. Physical Classroom Accommodations

1.1.3. Use of Handouts/Ad Hoc Materials

1.1.3.1. Large Print/Braille Materials or Taped Textbooks

1.1.3.2. Reading Machines

1.1.4. Use of Audiovisual Materials

1.1.5. Adapting Teaching Style

2. Deafness

2.1. Accommodations

2.1.1. Regular speech, language, and auditory training from a specialist

2.1.2. Amplification systems

2.1.3. Services of an interpreter for those students who use sign language

2.1.4. Favorable seating in the class to facilitate lip reading

2.1.5. Captioned films/videos

2.1.6. Assistance of a notetaker

2.1.7. Instruction for the teacher and peers in alternate communication methods and counseling

3. Developmental delay

3.1. Accommodations

3.1.1. Early intervention services

3.1.1.1. Eligible?

3.1.1.1.1. YES, IF...

3.1.1.2. Examples

3.1.1.2.1. Assistive technology

3.1.1.2.2. Audiology or hearing services

3.1.1.2.3. Speech and language services

3.1.1.2.4. Counseling and training for a family

3.1.1.2.5. Medical services

3.1.1.2.6. Nursing services

3.1.1.2.7. Nutrition services

3.1.1.2.8. Occupational therapy

3.1.1.2.9. Physical therapy

3.1.1.2.10. Psychological services

4. Emotional disturbance

4.1. Accommodations

4.2. Case Study: Megan

4.2.1. https://docs.google.com/gview?url=http://images.pearsonassessments.com/images/ca/rti/downloads/Megan.pdf

5. Hearing impairment

5.1. Accommodations

5.1.1. Regular speech, language, and auditory training from a specialist

5.1.2. Amplification systems

5.1.3. Services of an interpreter for those students who use sign language

5.1.4. Favorable seating in the class to facilitate lip reading

5.1.5. Captioned films/videos

5.1.6. Assistance of a notetaker

5.1.7. Instruction for the teacher and peers in alternate communication methods and counseling

6. Intellectual disability

6.1. Accommodations

6.1.1. Educational considerations

6.1.1.1. General education.

6.1.1.2. Supplementary aids and services

6.1.1.3. Adaptive skills

6.1.1.3.1. communicating with others

6.1.1.3.2. taking care of personal needs

6.1.1.3.3. health and safety

6.1.1.3.4. home living

6.1.1.3.5. social skills

6.1.1.3.6. reading, writing, and basic math

6.1.1.3.7. workplace skills

6.1.1.4. Transition planning

6.1.2. Tips for Teachers

6.1.2.1. Learn about intellectual disability

6.1.2.2. Recognize that you can make an enormous difference in this student’s life!

6.1.2.3. Be as concrete as possible

6.1.2.4. Break longer, new tasks into small steps

6.1.2.5. Teach the student life skills

6.1.2.6. Work together with the student’s parents and other school personnel

7. Multiple disabilities

7.1. Accommodations

7.1.1. Tips for Teachers

7.1.1.1. Know the needs, play to the strengths

7.1.1.2. Be familiar with the student’s IEP

7.1.1.3. Make modifications

7.1.1.4. Let the IEP team know what program supports or modifications you need

7.1.1.5. Allow partial participation, as necessary

7.1.1.6. Consider assistive technology (AT)

7.1.1.7. Consider textbooks in another format

7.1.1.8. Practice and reinforce

7.1.1.9. Support related services in the classroom

7.1.1.10. Address behavior issues

7.1.1.11. Learn to work with a paraprofessional in your classroom

7.1.1.12. Encourage the student’s independence

7.1.1.13. When the time comes, support transition planning

8. Orthopedic impairment

8.1. Accommodations

8.1.1. Special seating arrangements, larger tables

8.1.2. Note-taking assistance

8.1.3. Instruction focused on impairments in and the improvement of gross and fine motor skills

8.1.4. Securing assistive technology and augmentative communication devices

8.1.5. Extended time to complete assignments

8.1.6. Teacher awareness of student’s condition and its affect

9. Other health impairment

9.1. Accommodations

9.1.1. medical services

9.1.2. school health services and school nurse services

9.1.2.1. special feedings

9.1.2.2. clean intermittent catheterization

9.1.2.3. suctioning

9.1.2.4. the management of a tracheostomy

9.1.2.5. administering and/or dispensing medications

9.1.2.6. planning for the safety of a child in school

9.1.2.7. ensuring that care is given while at school and at school functions to prevent injury

9.1.2.8. chronic disease management

9.1.2.9. conducting and/or promoting education and skills training for all who serve as caregivers in the school setting

9.2. Case Study: Ellie

9.2.1. https://docs.google.com/gview?url=http://images.pearsonassessments.com/images/ca/rti/downloads/Ellie.pdf

10. Specific learning disability

10.1. Accommodations

10.1.1. Tips for Teachers

10.1.1.1. Learn as much as you can about the different types of LD

10.1.1.2. Seize the opportunity to make an enormous difference in this student’s life!

10.1.1.3. Provide instruction and accommodations to address the student’s special needs

10.1.1.3.1. breaking tasks into smaller steps, and giving directions verbally and in writing

10.1.1.3.2. giving the student more time to finish schoolwork or take tests;

10.1.1.3.3. letting the student with reading problems use instructional materials that are accessible to those with print disabilities;

10.1.1.3.4. letting the student with listening difficulties borrow notes from a classmate or use a tape recorder

10.1.1.3.5. letting the student with writing difficulties use a computer with specialized software that spell checks, grammar checks, or recognizes speech.

10.1.1.4. Learn about the different testing modifications

10.1.1.5. Teach organizational skills, study skills, and learning strategies.

10.1.1.6. Work with the student’s parents to create an IEP

10.1.1.7. Establish a positive working relationship with the student’s parents.

10.2. Case Study: Nick

10.2.1. https://docs.google.com/gview?url=http://images.pearsonassessments.com/images/ca/rti/downloads/Nick.pdf

10.3. Case Study: Ellie

10.3.1. https://docs.google.com/gview?url=http://images.pearsonassessments.com/images/ca/rti/downloads/Ellie.pdf

11. Speech or language impairment

11.1. Accommodations

11.1.1. Tips for Teachers

11.1.1.1. Learn as much as you can about the student’s specific disability

11.1.1.2. Recognize that you can make an enormous difference in this student’s life!

11.1.1.3. Ask for a copy of his or her IEP

11.1.1.4. Make sure that needed accommodations are provided for:

11.1.1.4.1. Classwork

11.1.1.4.2. Homework

11.1.1.4.3. Testing

11.1.1.5. Consult with others

11.1.1.6. Find out if your state or school district has materials or resources available...

11.1.1.7. Communicate with the student’s parents

12. Traumatic brain injury

12.1. Accommodations

12.1.1. Tips for Teachers

12.1.1.1. Find out as much as you can about the child’s injury and his or her present needs

12.1.1.2. Give the student more time to finish schoolwork and tests

12.1.1.3. Give directions one step at a time

12.1.1.4. Show the student how to perform new tasks

12.1.1.5. Have consistent routines

12.1.1.6. Check to make sure that the student has actually learned the new skill

12.1.1.7. Show the student how to use an assignment book and a daily schedule

12.1.1.8. Realize that the student may get tired quickly

12.1.1.9. Keep in touch with the student’s parents

12.1.1.10. Be flexible about expectations

12.1.1.11. Be patient

12.1.1.12. Maximize the student’s chances for success

13. Visual impairment, including blindness

13.1. Accommodations

13.1.1. Tips for Teachers

13.1.1.1. Learn as much as you can about the student’s specific visual impairment

13.1.1.2. Learn about the instructional and classroom accommodations for

13.1.1.2.1. classwork

13.1.1.2.2. homework

13.1.1.2.3. testing

13.1.1.3. Ask for a copy of his or her IEP

13.1.1.4. Consult with others

13.1.1.5. Find out if your state or school district has materials or resources available

13.1.1.6. Communicate with the student’s parents

14. Autism

14.1. Accommodations

14.1.1. Classroom environment

14.1.2. Teachers should....

14.1.2.1. Learn more about the autism spectrum.

14.1.2.2. Make sure directions are given step-by- step

14.1.2.3. Find out what the student’s strengths and interests are

14.1.2.4. Build opportunities for the student to have social and collaborative interactions

14.1.2.5. Have consistent routines and schedules.

14.1.2.6. Work together with the student’s parents and other school personnel