Bangladesh

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Bangladesh by Mind Map: Bangladesh

1. Causes

1.1. Around 45 million people in Bangladesh (1/3 of population) live below poverty line

1.2. Population growth

1.2.1. Pressure on countries natural resources

1.2.1.1. High birth rates

1.2.1.1.1. Literacy Rates are not high

1.3. Country vulnerable to climate change

1.3.1. Flooding

1.3.1.1. Frequencies of cyclones

1.3.1.1.1. Badly constructed housing that is deeply concentrated

1.3.1.2. Supposed to help agriculture but it in fact if there it too much there are disadvantages

1.3.1.2.1. Waterborne diseases- malaria Cholera and makes their lives worse

1.3.1.3. These are the cheaper houses so poor people live here

1.3.1.3.1. More "group homes"- where people can stay- shelters that the government can provide until people can afford a house that will not be destroyed by natural disasters

1.3.1.4. With 80 percent of the country situated on the flood plains of the Padma, Brahmaputra, Meghna, Jamuna and those of several other minor rivers, the country is prone to severe flooding (newstoday)

1.3.2. The poor cannot afford expensive housing so they live in flood-prone areas, however the unsafe housing gets damaged in the disasters. This means that the people have to attempt to make even more money to make up for the lost items and this creates a vicious poverty cycle.

1.3.2.1. Moneylenders act as a solution but this also fuels the cycle.

1.3.2.2. On average, 16 percent of household income per year is lost due to flooding, with roughly 89 percent of the loss in property and assets (newstoday0

1.3.3. "Crop cultivation and fisheries" are their sources of livelihood and when floods hit, both these are impacted.

1.3.4. Each year in Bangladesh about 26,000 km2 (around 18% of the country) is flooded, killing over 5,000 people and destroying more than seven million homes (wikipedia)

1.3.4.1. It is very difficult to control climate change and this is caused by the geography of the place so it would be helpful to build possible dams which would act as water sources for the people but help put a control on floods (however mild floods should still stay to help agriculture).

1.3.4.1.1. Government provided but international community will have to step in because they can require a lot of money

1.4. Distribution of resources

1.4.1. Lack essential raw materials

1.5. Lack of education

1.5.1. Lack knowledge and skills gained through formal education and training

1.5.1.1. The percentage of children completing the fifth grade has increased from 49% in 1990 to 74% in 2004. National literacy rates have increased from only 26% in 1981 to 34% in 1990 and 41% in 2002. The 1990s witnessed a tripling in the number of children attending secondary school (muhammadyunus)

1.6. Economic trends

1.6.1. High rate of unemployment

1.6.1.1. Leads to high crime rates in these cities will increase as people grow desperate to survive

1.6.1.1.1. More encouragement from the government of the benefits of not committing crime, and more opportunities to work (start a sewing business) etc.

1.7. Densely populated

1.7.1. One of the world's most densely populated countries

1.7.1.1. Over 150 million people

1.7.1.1.1. Many are unskilled, making it hard for them to break out of the cycle.

1.8. Corruption and incompetent government

1.8.1. Does little to build infrastructure and good law

1.9. Geographical reasons

1.9.1. Large proportion of the country is low-lying

1.9.1.1. High risk to flooding

1.9.1.1.1. Huge damage to their crops, homes and livelihoods

1.10. Child labour. Many children do not get an education and they fall sick at work

1.10.1. Boys are more concerned with child labor and make up almost 60% of child workers. (poverties.org)

1.10.1.1. Stricter laws and parents informed of reasons why child labour does not solve the poverty problem

1.10.1.1.1. Legal action- Government

2. NGO's/GC's

2.1. ACE - Asian Children's Education (UWC)

2.1.1. Helps impoverished children in Bangladesh through an NGO called JAAGO

2.1.1.1. Through

2.1.2. Works to provide free education to street kids in Bangladesh

2.1.3. Also empowers the youths along with inspiring volunteerism

2.2. BRAC

2.2.1. Development organisation dedicated to alleviating poverty by empowering the poor

2.2.2. Began in 1972

2.2.3. Work on several different areas to help Bangladesh economically, socially, and politically

2.2.3.1. Topics fall under well being and resilience

2.2.3.2. Economic development and social protection

2.2.3.3. Expanding horizons

2.2.3.4. Empowerment - specifically for women

2.2.3.5. Various support programmes

2.2.4. Raise awareness through their website on the current states of Bangladesh, as well as other countries where they are based

3. Solutions

3.1. Controlling population

3.1.1. High birth rate control

3.1.1.1. Education on safe sex

3.2. Employment opportunities would solve the problem of low income

3.3. Cultivate lands- this would help the natural disasters part

3.4. Early anti-poverty programs so that people can break out of the cycle

3.5. Donations which can help a variety of people for different reasons. 1. Natural disaster support 2. Education 3. Sanitation 4. Government support so that they can help the people

3.6. Raising awareness as people may not know about the situation and this can help

3.7. Increasing Women's income for single mothers and families so that they can break out of the cycle

3.8. Quality education

3.8.1. Provide children with the knowledge and life skills they need to realise their full potential

3.9. Access to health care

3.9.1. Build health clinics

3.9.1.1. Train healthcare workers

3.9.1.1.1. Invest in equipment and medicine

3.10. Water and sanitation

3.10.1. Build school latrines

3.10.1.1. Community water points

3.10.1.1.1. Establish organisation to proper maintenance of water points

4. Responsible Party for Solutions

4.1. NGO's need to help due to the corruption in the government

4.2. However, the government needs to help as well, make use of the country's taxes in order to combat the issue

4.3. We think that other country's need to help as well

4.3.1. Can help by employing overseas Bangladeshi's like Singapore does

4.4. Raising awareness- everyone, people visit Bangladesh so the word should be spread

4.5. Healthcare and sanitation- I think this is perhaps one of the most important factors and we think the UN should set up internal organisations in Bangladesh to help develop sustainable solutions

4.6. Some particular assigning of duties:

4.6.1. Controlling population: Internal groups that have workshops on birth control but offer money to people visiting them so that they are inclinded to visit

4.6.1.1. Access to healthcare: Free government hospitals and general clinics

4.6.1.1.1. Water; NGO"s that install safe water sources and do yearly checkups

5. Problems

5.1. Overpopulation

5.1.1. Majority of society not educated on safe sex

5.2. Low paying jobs

5.2.1. Those who are wealthy enough go overseas looking for higher paying jobs

5.3. Not enough funding for education

5.4. Poor access to healthcare

5.5. Uneducated on diseases, sanitation, etc.

5.5.1. Leading to high infant mortality rates