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EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHIES by Mind Map: EDUCATIONAL
PHILOSOPHIES
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EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHIES

Aristotle

  Aristotle was born in northern Greece and lived from 384-322 BCE He was a student of Plato He participated in research, teaching, and writing in subjects ranging from logic & philosophy to biology to politics His major aim was to form a universal method of reasoning  

Realism

Realism holds the ideas that: The universe exists whether or not the human mind thinks it does The world of things/matter is superior to world of ideas

Metaphysics

Epistomology

Axiology

Thomas Aquians

Thomas Aquinas lived from 1225 -1274 He was a philosopher and theologian He lived during the time that universities were beginning to form and when a new question arose: do faith and reason actually work together. This influenced many of his ideas He thoroughly studied Aristotle's ideas of realism, but added to it his views of theology working with realism

neo-Thomism

neo-Theism is: Theistic Realism   considers both theism (religious, belief in God) and realism (belief in objective reality guided by rational thought) looks at world as objective, made of matter, but also believe that God exists & can be known through study & faith  

Metaphysics

Epistomology

Axiology

the Classroom

School Environment

Focus on religious beliefs Student studies reason related to God; is able to see the existence of God as rational Students gain knowledge in spirituality and enhance their faith Teachers focus on helping the students become more spiritual Lessons focus on examples, repetition, and practice

Curriculum

Main focus is religion Contains basic life skills and liberal arts, but priority is theology Allows no room for individual beliefs Generally involves uprooting students from their homes and placing them in temporarily permanent environments that constantly display these beliefs (i.e. monetary, abbey)

Application in

School Environment

Very scientific in learning & teaching process Student is organized and thinks rationally in order to understand physical world Teacher is structured and teaches natural laws and reason through lectures, note taking, exams, scientific methods

Curriculum

  Focus on liberal arts & sciences No religious aspects to the world are explored in school Keep standards in a set structure for teachers, no deviation from the pre-made path