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The Internet and World Wide Web by Mind Map: The Internet and World Wide Web
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The Internet and World Wide Web

Objectives Overview

Discuss the evolution of the Internet

Identify and briefly describe various broadband Internet connections and state differences between broadband Internet connections and dial‐up connections

Describe the types of Internet access providers

Describe the purpose of an IP address and its relationship to a domain name

Explain the purpose of a Web browser and identify the components of a Web address

Describe how to use a search engine to search for information on the Web and differentiate between a search engine and a subject directory

Describe the types of Web sites

Explain how Web pages use graphics, animation, audio, video, virtual reality, and plug‐ins

Identify and briefly describe the steps required for Web publishing

Describe the types of e‐commerce

Explain how e‐mail, mailing lists, instant messaging, chat rooms, VoIP, newsgroups and message boards, and FTP work

Identify the rules of netiquette

The Internet

The Internetis a worldwide collection of networks that links millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals

Evolution of the Internet

The Internet originated as ARPANET in September 1969 and had two main goals:

Allow scientists at different physical locations to share information and work together

Function even if part of the network were disabled or destroyed by a disaster

Each organization is responsible only for maintaining its own network

The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) oversees research and sets guidelines and standards

Internet2 connects more than 200 universities and 115 companies via a high‐speed private network

Many home and small business users connect to the Internet via high‐speed broadband Internet service

An access provideris a business that provides individuals and organizations access to the Internet free or for a fee

ISP(Internetserviceprovider), Regional ISPs provide Internet access to a specific geographical area, National ISPs provide Internet access in cities and towns nationwide

Online service provider (OSP), Has many members‐only features, Popular OSPs include AOL (America Online) and MSN (Microsoft Network)

Wireless Internet service provider (WISP)

An IP addressis a number that uniquely identifies each computer or device connected to the Internet

A DNS servertranslates the domain name into its associated IP address

A domain nameis the text version of an IP address, Top‐level domain (TLD)

The World Wide Web

The World Wide Web, or Web, consists of a worldwide collection of electronic documents (Web pages)

A Web siteis a collection of related Web pages and associated items

A Web serveris a computer that delivers requested Web pages to your computer

Web 2.0refers to Web sites that provide a means for users to interact

A Web browser, or browser, allows users to access Web pages and Web 2.0 programs

Internet Explorer




Google Chrome

A home page is the first page that a Web site displays

Web pages provide linksto other related Web pages

Surfing the Web

Downloadingis the process of receiving information

Some Web pages are designed specifically for microbrowsers

A Web page has a unique address called a URLor Web address

Tabbed browsingallows you to open and view multiple Web pages in a single Web browser window

Two types of search tools are search engines and subject directories

Search engine, Finds information related to a specific topic

Subject directory, Classifies Web pages in an organized set of categories

A search engine is helpful in locating items such as:






People or Businesses


Some Web browsers contain an Instant Search box to eliminate the steps of displaying the search engine’s Web page prior to entering the search text

Search operators can help to refine your search

There are thirteen types of Web sites







Online Social Network




Web Application

Content Aggregator


Information presented on the Web must be evaluated for accuracy

No one oversees the content of Web pages

Multimediarefers to any application that combines text with

Graphics, A graphicis a digital representation of nontextinformation, Graphic formats include BMP, GIF, JPEG, PNG, and TIFF, A thumbnail is a small version of a larger graphic

Animation, Animationis the appearance of motion created by displaying a series of still images in sequence

Audio, Audioincludes music, speech, or any other sound, Compressed to reduce file size, You listen to audio on your computer using a player, Streamingis the process of transferring data in a continuous and even flow

Video, Videoconsists of full‐motion images that are played back at various speeds

Virtual Reality, Virtual reality(VR) is the use of computers to simulate a real or imagined environment that appears as a three‐dimensional space

A plug‐inis a program that extends the capability of a Web browser

Web publishingis the development and maintenance of Web pages

Plan a Web site, Analyze and design a Web site, Create a Web site, Deploy a Web site, Maintain a Web site


E‐commerceis a business transaction that occurs over an electronic network

M‐commerceidentifies e‐commerce that takes place using mobile devices

Business‐to‐consumer (B2C)

Business‐to‐business (B2B)

Consumer‐to‐consumer (C2C)

Other Internet Services

E‐mailis the transmission of messages and files via a computer network

An e‐mail programallows you to create, send, receive, forward, store, print, and delete e‐mail messages

A mailing listis a group of e‐mail names and addresses given a single name

Subscribingadds your e‐mail name and address

Unsubscribingremoves your name

Instant messaging (IM) is a real‐timeInternet communications service

A chatis a real‐time typed conversation that takes place on a computer

A chat roomis a location on an Internet server that permits users to chat with each other

VoIP(Voice over IP) enables users to speak to other users over the Internet

Also called Internet telephony

A newsgroupis an online area in which users have written discussions about a particular subject

Typically requires a newsreader

A message boardis a Web‐based type of discussion group

FTP(File Transfer Protocol) is an Internet standard that permits file uploadingand downloading with other computers on the Internet

Many operating systems include FTP capabilities

An FTP server is a computer that allows users to upload and/or download files using FTP


Netiquetteis the code of acceptable Internet behavior


History and structure of the Internet

World Wide Web

Browsing, navigating, searching, Web publishing, and e‐commerce

Other Internet services: e‐mail, instant messaging, chat rooms, VoIP, newsgroups and message boards, and FTP

Rules of netiquette