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Bilingualism by Mind Map: Bilingualism

1. Use of two languages.

2. Control / Command of two languages

3. Variables

4. social factors

5. Psychological factors.

6. Cultural context.

7. Variables in relation to bilingualism.

8. 1-Degree of bilingualism

9. Minimal approach - Minimal communicative ability

10. Maximalist approach - full command  of the language.

11. Balanced bilingualism - Full command of the two languages.

12. Dominant bilingualism - Dominant in one language.

13. Passive bilingualism - Loosing competence in one language becouse of disuse. Usually the ability to understand but not produce.

14. Active bilingualism - Productive use of both languages.

15. Semilinguals or limited bilinguals - Limited level of proficiency in both languages because of social economic status rather than language background.

16. 2- Context of bilingualism language acquisition.

17. -Home ( age/ the way/to whom/frequency)                                    -School or university                              -Working environment                          -Travel                                                    -Residence in a foreign country

18. Primary context - Acquisition of both languages in a naturalistic setting.

19. Naturalistic fused - Simultaneous acquisition of both languages in the same context. The same person teaches the two languages.

20. Naturalistic separate - One person teaches one language and another person teaches the other language.

21. Secondary context - Acquisition of one language in a structured setting. (school).

22. Elective bilinguals - People choose to be bilinguals. ( school of English).

23. Circumstantial bilingual - They have no choice but to be bilingual. (working abroad).

24. 3- Age of acquisition.

25. Early bilinguals - Exposed to both languages before adolescence.

26. Late bilinguals - Acquisition of the second language after adolescence.

27. 4-Domain of use. (Circunstances)

28. Demarcation of function influence

29. -Family                                                    -Friendship                                              -Religion                                                -Education                                              -Employment

30. Location or place - Strong impact on language choice.

31. Topic - Depends on increase exposure to language.

32. 5- Social orientation.

33. Subtractive bilingualism - Learning a new language loosing competence in the first one, "replacement".

34. Additive - Form of enrichment desired by the community.

35. More factors which influence bilingualism:                                               - Self identity                                         -Attitude towards the community         -Demographic factors                             -Hypothetical mental organization           of the two languages.