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Ethers by Mind Map: Ethers

1. Esters

2. Alcohols

2.1. Oxidation

2.1.1. primary Alcohols --> Aldehydes

2.1.1.1. Oxidizeds to Carboxylic acids

2.1.2. Secondary Alcohols --> Ketones

2.1.3. Tertiary Alcohols --> no rxn

2.2. Subsitution

2.2.1. Haloalkane

2.3. Reduction

2.3.1. Alkene

3. Alkyl Halides

4. Carboxylic Acids

4.1. React with alcohol

4.1.1. Ester

4.2. React with ammonium salt then heat

4.2.1. Amides

4.3. react with PCl5 or SOCl2 in the presence of a base

4.3.1. Acid Halides

4.4. reacts CA salt with acyl halide to

4.4.1. Acid Anhydrides

4.5. Reduction

4.5.1. Aldehydes

5. Alkene

6. Aldehyde

7. Ketones

8. Amides

8.1. Reduction of Amide to Primary Amine

8.2. Hydrolysis; amide forms parent carboxylic acid and parent amine molecules.

8.2.1. Carboxylic Acid

8.3. Dehydration; amide forms water and a nitrile compound.

8.3.1. Nitrile

8.4. Esterification; substitution reaction with an alcohol to form an ester and amine

8.4.1. Ester

9. Anhydrides

10. Amine

10.1. Tertiary

10.1.1. Only three organic substituent is connected to Nitrogen

10.2. Secondary

10.2.1. Only two organic substituent is connected to Nitrogen

10.3. Primary

10.3.1. Only one organic substituent is connected to the Nitrogen

10.4. Reacts with Keytones and Aldehydes to produce reaction product to dehydrate aldimines and ketimines

10.5. Oxidation

10.5.1. All Amines can be oxidized

10.5.2. Only Teriery Amines can form amine oxides

10.6. Halogenation

10.6.1. Form of Alkylation

11. Alkyne

12. Aromatics

13. Acid Chloride

14. Alkane

14.1. Halogenation

14.1.1. makes alkyl halides, haloalkanes, Hydrogen halide

14.2. Combustion/oxidation

14.2.1. makes aldehydes, acids

15. B-ketoester

16. Soaps