Effect of Malay-China Trade Relations During the Malacca Sultanate on the Emergence of Chinese Pe...

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Effect of Malay-China Trade Relations During the Malacca Sultanate on the Emergence of Chinese Peranakan Community by Mind Map: Effect of Malay-China Trade Relations During the Malacca Sultanate on the Emergence of Chinese Peranakan Community

1. Chinese Peranakan is attributed to the impact of trade relations

1.1. They have adopted to the local Malay cukture

2. Post- Independence

3. Sultan with the title "Sri Maharaja" married a daughter of a chinese captain

4. Chinese Arrival in Malacca

4.1. Earliest Settlement

4.1.1. Malay Annals

4.1.1.1. Marriage of Sultan Mansur Shah and Hang Li Po. Hang Li Po was escorted by 500 male followers and several hundred noble maidens.

4.1.1.2. All the Chinese that came converted to Islam

4.1.1.2.1. Given a place to stay called Bukit China.

4.1.2. Tom Pires

4.1.2.1. Marriage between Xarquen Darxa and  daughter of a Chinese leader

4.1.3. Braz de Albuquerque

4.2. British Colonial Era

5. Introduction

5.1. 1399 AD: Parameswara founded Malacca

5.2. 1414 AD: Paramesrawa embraces Islam, changes title to Iskandar Shah

5.2.1. Spread Islam throughout the community

5.2.2. Muslim traders from all over the world come to trade at Malacca

6. Commercial Activities in Malacca

6.1. Factors of Success

6.1.1. Strategically lcoated at South China Sea

6.1.2. Centre of spice trade.

6.1.2.1. Served as a marketing center and collection place for the spice states to market their products

6.1.3. Protected zone

6.1.3.1. Safe from threats of Southwest Monsoon and Northwest Monsoon, providing a safe place for traders.

6.1.4. Entreport Port

6.1.4.1. Acts as a receiver or buyer of the goods.

7. China Trade Relations and Malacca

7.1. Emperor Yung-lo

7.1.1. Interest to establish relations with South-East Asian coountries to ensure economic progress

7.1.2. Diplomatic relations has been sealed via messenger called Ying Chin

7.2. Ming Dynasty

7.2.1. Malay Sultanate of Malacca sought refuge from Ming Dynasty which was a strong empire

7.2.2. Sent Admiral Zheng He to Malacca and laid foundation to the earliest appearance of Malacca as the center of international trade. This saved Malacca from Siam's threats.

8. Effect of the Commercial Activity Against Chinese Peranakan Community Formation in Malacca

8.1. Winstedt and Mary F. Sommers Heidhues

8.1.1. Forbidden for a Muslim to marry a non- Muslim

8.1.1.1. Intermarriage occurs between  Chinese with local women and non-muslims or non-Muslim women from the slaves

8.1.1.1.1. Agreed with Chia's studies

8.2. Places of Worship

8.2.1. Chinese temples justify the existance of Chinese Peranakans, such as Cheng Hoon Teng Temple

8.3. Has strong roots compared to other Chinese communities in Malaysia

8.3.1. Assimilated themselves in the local Malay Community

9. Conclusion

9.1. During the colonial era, second wave of Chinese communities came to Malaya