Hate is more powerful than love

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Hate is more powerful than love by Mind Map: Hate is more powerful than love

1. The director uses film techniques, music, and literary techniques to depict the hate that occurs between the Capulet's and Montagues

1.1. Film technique: camera angle and zoom. The camera zooms out to show a clear split between the two empires, this gives audience the understanding of the feud that the two families are in

1.1.1. Film technique: camera angle and zoom. The camera zooms out to show a clear split between the two empires, this gives audience the understanding of the feud that the two families are in

1.2. The TV reporter introduces the dramatic irony of the movie, by telling the audience that the play will end with the two star crossed lovers not being able to stay together because of their families feuds

1.3. Camera techniques continue to be used as the scenes are made to show the many riots that occur between the people

1.3.1. These riots give the audience an insight to the daily lives of the citizens and how life is in Verona

1.4. The overload of hatred and long standing feud between the families is an element that makes up a tragedy, magnitude

1.4.1. magnitude is the degree of importance that will have universal implications. In this movie, the fact that the Montague's and Capulet's are have grudges against each other, causes the deaths and struggles of their children, friends, and families

1.5. The music also plays a big role in explaining the setting. The fast and loud music gives the audience a feeling of anxiety and again, allows them to experience life in Verona

1.6. Hate is continued to be portrayed when the Capulet and Montague boys meet. Its shown how they are out of control and trying to intrigue each other into another riot

1.6.1. Symbolism through film techniques is used to show the hate between two sides when there is a poster which says "add a flame to your fire", and a match is dropped. This symbolizes the beginning of a riot. Unsurprisingly, a riot between the two sides begins.

1.6.2. Elements of tragedy are also used to further support idea of the hate between the two sides. The Capulet and Montague boys have the element of hubris. Their excessive pride is portrayed through screaming and showing off their guns when riding down on their car. The pride that they possess clashes between the two sides and begins their riot.

2. During the Capulet party and shortly after, Romeo and Juliet meet and fall in love. Their strong attraction is clearly portrayed.

2.1. Romeo and Juliet first meet at the Capulet party. Film techniques are used to show their feelings

2.1.1. The film technique of music plays a big role in changing the mood of the audience. Romantic music is played in order to convey the message of love to the audience

2.1.2. At the Capulet party, costumes are again used to portray the hatred between the families. Tybalt is dressed as a devil. A devil is commonly known as a mean person, in this case, he becomes furious when finding out about Montagues being in the mansion.

2.1.2.1. Tybalt is not the only person who is made to represent a personality. Mercutio is shown as a

2.1.3. After the party, when Romeo and Juliet both realize that they are children of opposing families, they are unable and unwilling to let go of their love for each other. Their love continues to blossom as they Romeo makes a risky decision in order to see Juliet again. The "balcony scene" shows the level and extent of love between the two young teens.

2.1.3.1. Juliet expresses her love through elements of literature. Juliet's character is developed during this scene as her statements about her willingness to sacrifice her family name to be with Romeo shows the extent of her love for him

2.1.3.2. Romeo also expresses his love. He expresses his love through film techniques, symbolism, and the element of tragedy which both Romeo and Juliet possess

2.1.3.2.1. The film technique that is used to depict the love between Romeo and Juliet is the clothing that Romeo wears. Romeo wears a knight's armor. This goes together with symbolism. The armor is made to show that he is Juliet's "knight in shining armor". This clothing choice is made to support the idea of their shared love.

2.1.3.2.2. Symbolism is further shown as Romeo uses a metaphor to show his bravery even though he is risking death by being in the Capulet home. When Juliet notifies him that he can be killed, his response is "I have night's cloak to hide me from their eyes". By saying this quote, he suggests that the love that they share will hide him from the guards. Essentially, he claims that love overpowers hate, we later recognize that this does not happen.

2.1.3.2.3. The element of tragedy that is incorporated in this movie is Hamartia. Romeo and Juliet's hamartia is their shared lack of judgement and rushed decision making. As their hamartia rules over their lives, their downfall comes shortly after.

3. Friar Lawrence attempts to help out the two star-crossed lovers. His belief that their shared love can outweigh and over power the long standing hate of the families.

3.1. His belief in love being able to overpower hate is made clear through metaphors. When Romeo first tells Friar Lawrence about Juliet, he immediately believes that he has sinned, and even goes to say "young men's love lies not truly in their hearts, but in their eyes". This statement suggests that Romeo loves with his eyes.

3.1.1. When Romeo tells Friar Lawrence that he wants the Friar to marry them, this changes his thoughts and makes him believe that through marriage, and the two families seeing that their kids are in love, they can stop their feuds and come together.

3.2. The Friar's decision to marry Romeo and Juliet resulted in perepetia. This occurs because Friar Lawrence wanted to bring the families together peacefully through this marriage. Although he was able to bring the families together in the end, their love caused the deaths of many people along the way.

3.3. During the marriage of Romeo and Juliet, love and hate is often contrasted and foreshadowing is carefully used to show the final outcome of the play. This is done to support hate as it continues to overule love, even with the various sacrifices that each character makes

3.3.1. The power of love is first shown through film techniques, specifically music. During the wedding, the choir sings the lyrics, "everybody's free to feel good". This quote sends the message that Romeo and Juliet will be able to lead their own lives

3.3.2. The power of hate and tragic endings are foreshadowed to oppose the belief in the power of love. When Friar Lawrence makes the speech before Romeo and Juliet's marriage, he mentions "These violent delights, have violent ends".

4. As Romeo and Tybalt meet after the marriage, the forces of love and hate collide. Unfortunately, the tragedy begins as the power of hate outweighs the strength of love

4.1. As Romeo gets married, and Tybalt challenges him to a fight (Tybalt is still mad about him coming to the Capulet party), Romeo is in a conflict. This literary technique is used to show how Romeo must now choose between telling Tybalt about his love for Juliet or not.

4.1.1. This unfortunately does not turn out how he wants. The literary technique of conflict between Romeo and Tybalt can be juxtaposed with the conflict between love and hate. Romeo does not want to reveal to Tybalt about the marriage and this results in the death of his good friend Mercutio. As Tybalt clearly represents hate, through hate, he kills Mercutio and Romeo's love doesn't stand a chance in protecting Mercutio

4.1.1.1. This is an example of how a character's hate was able to defeat the power of love.

4.2. Multiple elements of tragedy are used throughout this scene in order to show the feeling of self conflict and hate overpowering love, causing for a moment of pity.

4.2.1. The element of tragedy that is shown is anake. This term means that a character is struggling to deal with necessity. In this scene, Romeo is faced with the struggle of keeping his love of Juliet a secret, away from Tybalt.

4.2.1.1. Further elements of tragedy are also used to make the audience feel pity for Mercutio's death. This was done to show the ultimate power that hate had on the events occurring, and the way that it can make the audience feel. This pity was portrayed through the element of Pathos

4.2.1.1.1. To go along with Pathos, pathetic fallacy is also used to further create pity through nature. When Mercutio gets injured, nature begins to change as the clouds get more gray, and it begins to thunder. This also influences the audience to feel pity for the death of Mercutio.

4.3. Film techniques make it clear that Tybalt represents hate and death, while Romeo represents goodness and purity.

4.3.1. The director used the costumes of the characters to portray their personalities and characteristics. During the scene where Tybalt kills Mercutio, Mercutio wears all black clothing. Black commonly symbolizes death and evil, so this would directly lead to the conclusion that Tybalt represents the hate that the Capulets have.

4.3.2. Romeo's costume is white. White is able to represent goodness, purity, and positivity. The director makes it clear that Romeo is a character that represents love.

4.3.2.1. The portrayal of Tybalt as hate, while Mercutio and Romeo are portrayed as love ends with hate defeating love, as Mercutio is killed by Tybalt. Later, Romeo kills Tybalt. Although represent is meant to represent love, it is clear that Romeo kills Tybalt out of the hate that he has for him (because of Mercutio's death). This is all determined through the symbolism that is shown.

4.3.3. Mercutio, like Romeo, is made to portray love. From the time that he tries to convince Romeo to go to the Capulet party, and gives Romeo the pill which causes him to fall in love, to the scene where he gets killed, he is constantly shown as a funny spirit, who is always upbeat. It is shown that Mercutio represents love and happiness in this scene through his clothing. Mercutio wears white, which like Romeo, represents goodness, purity, and positivity. This can be directly linked to the trait of love. When Mercutio gets into the fight, it ends with his own death.

4.4. The portrayal of hate continues through times that cause a downfall in the lives of Romeo and Juliet. Throughout the scene when Romeo gets banished, multiple symbols, literary techniques, and elements of tragedy are used to bring out the message of hate defeating love.

4.4.1. Lighting is used to illustrate the mood and atmosphere of the scene. This scene takes place in the night, were it is dark with lots of rain. During this, there is also thunder in the background. This thunder and darkness are symbols for misfortune.

4.4.2. Literary techniques such as symbolism are used to express Romeo's feelings towards the occurring events. After killing Tybalt, Romeo screams "I am a fortune's fool". Considering the multiple symbols that are put in place for the audience to see the misfortune that occurs, it can lead to the belief that hate has caused for the unfortunate events. When Romeo screams that he is a "fortune's fool", he refers to the bad luck that he is going through. All events that have led up to this have been caused by hate defeating love. Unfortunately for Romeo, this is another one of those situations.

4.4.3. Elements of tragedy are incorporated to support the idea of hate overpowering love. Anake is used to bring out Juliet's struggle. As she learns of her marriage, and she refuses to marry Paris, her father gets mad at her for her decision. She then struggles with the choice of either telling him of her marriage with Romeo, or abiding by the decision of her father. This element of tragedy shows how the love between Romeo and Juliet does not save their relationship. As Juliet hates the decision of her father, this hate leads her to taking advice from the Friar, which later becomes the cause for the deaths of both lovers.

4.4.4. As Romeo learns of his banishment, the effects of lighting continue as the uses of minimal lighting continue to symbolize the events of wrongdoings and unfortunate events.

5. Romeo and Juliet are faced with being even farther apart, as Romeo gets banished.

5.1. When Balthasar comes to deliver the news to Romeo about the death of Juliet, the use of elements of tragedy and elements of film are used to display the downfall and nearing of death for Romeo

5.1.1. The elements of tragedy which are used throughout this scene are hamartia and peripetia. As covered before, Romeo and Juliet's hamartia is their rush to, and lack of, judgement. Romeo's lack of judgement was displayed when he hears the news of Juliet's death and immediately decides to inflict the same death onto himself. He does not give any thought to other options that he can take and decides to act on his immediate feeling. Peripetia occurs when Friar Lawrence decides to give Juliet the potion in order for her to prolong her relationship with Romeo. Instead, it ends with the death of them both.

5.1.1.1. As Romeo's character goes through a downfall due to a tragic flaw, he is portrayed as a classical tragic hero

5.1.2. Elements of film are also used to show Romeo's weakness and the beginning of his downfall. A film technique which is used is Romeo's actions and the symbolism that comes from these actions, after he finds out about Juliet's death. After Romeo learns of Juliet's death, he walks away from Balthasar and falls to his knees and begins to cry. His action of falling to his knees symbolizes his weakness. As Romeo realizes that all the chances of him being with Juliet have been lost, his weakness and sad feelings are shown through his cries. These symbols come together to show how the love that is shared between him and Juliet, is slowly starting to really get defeated.

5.2. As Juliet mourns the death of Tybalt, she is also dealing with the banishment of Romeo. In this scene, literary techniques are used to show the juxtaposition between Romeo and Tybalt. She uses oxymorons to speak about how much she hates, and loves Romeo. She states, "Beautiful tyrant, fiend angelical.” This is a clear situation of Juliet dealing with an inner conflict of deciding between her love for Romeo or Tybalt.

5.2.1. The use of catastrophe in the play shows the end of the downfall of all the characters in the play

6. Through the constant hate and rivalry between Montagues and Capulets, following the death of their two children (and many others in the process), they come together to finally unite.

6.1. As Romeo and Juliet near the death of their lives elements of tragedy begin to be uncovered.

6.1.1. The use of catastrophe in the play shows the end of the downfall of all the characters in the play. This is the final moment of tragedy that occurs in the movie and is the result to the two sides coming together

6.2. Literary techniques are used to support the theme of hate being more powerful than love

6.2.1. The officer makes statements which support this theme. For example, when he says “see what a scourge upon your hate, that heaven finds means to kill your joys with love” he implies that the death of the two children was a result of the hate between the two families.

6.2.2. Following the officer's statement, the Capulet's and Montagues finally put their differences aside, and behind them and made peace. This event supports the theme. All of the unfortunate events throughout this film were caused through hate, Romeo and Juliet being kept apart, Tybalt killing Mercutio, and Romeo killing Tybalt, which led to his banishment. Clearly, hate dictated many of the events that occured, but the love that was shared between Romeo and Juliet was not able to bring the families together. Throughout this story, it is made clear, that hate is much more powerful than love, and it was even able to achieve what couldn't be done through love, bring the families together.

6.3. As the two families finally come together, and the end of the movie nears, the final element of tragedy is uncovered.

6.3.1. Catharsis is used as the final element of tragedy in order to give the story a good ending. After many deaths, and unfortunate events, the two families come together and allow the audience to release the emotions that have been caused by the horror that has been shown to them throughout the movie.

6.3.1.1. This element of tragedy also makes Romeo a classical tragic hero. As both sides unite, and the audience feels pity, it satisfies the requirements for a classical tragic hero.

7. Literary criticism- psychoanalysis Is Romeo controlled by his id, or ego?

7.1. Through many examples, it is made evident that Romeo is controlled by his id.

7.1.1. When he goes to the Capulet house, and chooses to ask Juliet to marry him, he acts on his id. This is clear because he acts on his wants and wishes, instead of considering that the two families are in conflict. Had Romeo thought about his actions and weighed the pro's and con's of his decision, he would utilize his ego, allowing for better and more rational decision making

7.1.2. Again Romeo is shown as a character that only considers his Id. When he goes to ask Friar Lawrence to marry him and Juliet, and the Friar refuses, Romeo again acts on his wishes and desires instead of again not deciding to consider the downsides and still unsolved problems with Romeo and Juliet being together. He acts on his supposed love for her, although they have only known each other for a night.

7.1.3. Upon hearing the news of Juliet's death, Romeo again acts on his id. When Balthasar reveals the shocking news, Romeo immediately decides that he must go back to the city and be with Juliet. It is clear that this is an example of Romeo acting on his Id because with living apart, not seeing Juliet is a fear for Romeo. As this fear comes to life, Romeo acts in a rushed manner and lacks the judgement needed to in order to make a rational decision.

7.1.3.1. In this scene, while Romeo acted as the character ruled by his id, Balthasar was a character that represented the ego. When Romeo made his rash decision to go and be with Juliet, Balthasar made several attempts at stopping Romeo until Romeo eventually pushed away Balthasar.

7.2. Although Romeo often acts on his Id, there are still some example that how he's ruled by his superego.

7.2.1. As Tybalt challenges Romeo to a fight, instead of acting on his fears and desires (his id), he tries to consider the moral, and conscience thing to do, which is try to not fight with Tybalt. Romeo's attempt of convincing Tybalt not to fight occurs when Romeo starts to tell him that it would be in their best interest to have peace. This is an example of how Romeo uses his conscience thought to dictate his actions. As a result, Romeo does not fight Tybalt, but gets hurt himself, and causes the death of a close friend.

7.3. Throughout the story, The Montague and Capulet have acted on their id. Their feud was what stopped Romeo and Juliet from being together. At the ending of the movie, the leaders of both families have changed, to being ruled by their superego as they both made the moral decision to put their differences behind them and finally reconcile.

7.4. When looking at how Romeo's life is dictated by his id, I decided to look deeper into my decisions and actions, and look into what rules over my actions. So I came to the conclusion that I live in a stage of ego, where every single one of my choices is put to a test to see whether something is moral or not. There have been times where I have also used my wishes and desires to act, but I usually think about my action before proceeding.

7.4.1. An example was this English project. During the break, I had to make some choices, whether I should work on school work, or just watch some Netflix. At first, I thought by using my id, and decided to watch some Netflix and not do anything. After a while, I realized that this is not the moral and right thing that I should do, and remembered that I must put some time towards the assignment in order for me to succeed. In all, I was able to recognize my id, and go through superego, to eventually act on my ego.