(Caldwell, Huitt and Graeber, 1982), (Berliner, 1984), Engaged Time (the time the student spend by learning a topic), Academic Learning Time-ALT (portion of engaged time that students are succesfully engaged)
Allocated time to complete a task, The Effects of Adjunct Questions on Learning Text Material: The Time Factor. Mory E. et al. (2007)http://goo.gl/rCx3F
Odaci, H. (2011). Academic self-efficacy and academic procrastination as predictors of problematic internet use in university students. Computers & Education, 57, 119-113.
Student Interaction Time, Student-Environment Interaction, Student-Materials Interaction, Student-Student Interaction, Student-Professor Interaction, Student-Tutor Interaction
Allocated Time (actually spend to learn a topic by the teacher)
Scheduled Time (officialy designated)), Real time versus official time, Martinic, S. (1998)
Laura L. Bierema and Sharan B. Merriam, 2002
Serdyukov P. and Serdyukova, N.(2007), Online learning and time factor, in Proceeding CATE '07 Proceedings of the 10th IASTED International Conference on Computers and Advanced Technology in Education, ACM
Actual Instructional Time in African Primary Schools: Factors that Reduce School Quality in Developing Countries. Benavot A., Gad L. (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11125-004-5309-7
So much to learn, so little time... teachers' perceptions, Herolda, F. A. Warin, M. (2011) Evaluation & Research in Education Vol. 24, No. 1, 61-77
Badia, A. Del docente presencial al docente virtual. Doc. UOC.
Tomas Foltynek*, Arnost Motycka - http://www.formatex.org/micte2009/book/250-254.pdf
Fransen, J., Kirschner, Paul A., & Erkens, G. (2011). Mediating team effectiveness in the context of collaborative learning: The importance of team and task awareness. Computers in Human Behavior, 27, 1103-1113
-Oliveira, I., Tinoca, L., & Pereira, A. (2011). Online group work patterns: How to promote a successful collaboration. Computers & Education, 57, 1348–1357.
Minh Chieu. (2007). An Operational Approach for Building Learning Environments Supporting Cognitive Flexibility. Journal of Educational Technology & Society. Vol. 10 No. 3, 32-46.
Variable analysis VS Event analysis
Time is precious
Collis, B. and Moonen, J. (2001), Flexible learning in a digital world: experiences and expectations, Routledge, p. 10 Fixed time / Flexible time Time for starting and finishing a course Time for submitting assignment and interacting within a course Tempo/pace of studying Moments of assessment
Mella, N. Conty, L. Pouthas, V. (2010).
Gras B., Barbera E. ,Kirschner, (2010)
Ramanau, Ruslan; Hosein, Anesa and Jones, Chris (2010). Learning and living technologies: a longitudinal study of first-year students' expectations and experiences in the use of ICT. In: 7th International Conference on Networked Learning, 3-4 May 2010, Aalborg, Denmark. Retrieved the 20th March 2011 from:http://oro.open.ac.uk/24115/
Ramanau et al (2010)
Anderson, T., Poellhuber,B. and McKerlich, R. (2010), ' Self-paced Learners Meet Social Software: An Exploration of Learners’ Attitudes, Expectations and Experience' in Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, Volume XIII, Number III, Fall 2010. retreved the 20th march 2011 from: http://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/Fall133/anderson_poellhuber_mcKerlich133.html
Anderson et al (2010)
Elements, Subject-matter knowledge, Keyboard skills, Software applications and skills, database-management, reading efficiently, working environment
Managing time like a decision process, finite resource, More than good technical skills
Kirschner, F; Paas, F. & Kirschner,
Collaborative learning/collaborative working
Students' temporal patterns
Digital Divide Factors Matter in the Motivation to Use Technology to Learn
Collaborative learning, Approaches To Assessment Of Online Learning: Conceptual Challenges Gur, S. Van Schaack, A. https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/dspace-jspui/bitstream/2134/1948/1/Gur04.pdf
Gottschalk, T.H. (2000). Strategies for Learning at a Distance.http://www.uidaho.edu/evo/dis8.asp. (July, 12th, 2001)
Duart, J.M., Lupiáñez, F, Desarrollo organizativo del e-learning.
Bates, 2005, Each technology has its own "time"
Tasks and Milestones Managers (Collaborative Environments)
The Time Factor: Leveraging Intelligent Agents and Directed Narratives in Online Learning Environments Jones & Warren (2009) http://www.innovateonline.info/index.php?view=article&id=576
Ligorio & Ritella (2010), Notion of 'chronotope' from Bakhtin
Temporal flexibility, CF. Macan (2004), Plan tasks relative to learning by setting goals and priorities
Immediate Feedback for Assessments
Improved learning throught peer feedback in online discussions
This one is not a esearch reference, but a popular diagram that effectively shows shiting atention's focus in everyday digital environment we are used to live. From: http://www.informationisbeautiful.net/visualizations/the-hierarchy-of-digital-distractions/
Polychronicity, the Internet, and the Mass Media: Waipeng, L. Trevor, T, Shahul, S. (2006) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2006.tb00314.x/full
Logics of Online Collaboration: Scripts, Polychronicity and Improvisation Voigt, C. (2008) http://www.bsec.canterbury.ac.nz/acis2008/Papers/acis-0184-2008.pdf
(Conte & Gintoft, 2005)
(Oshagbemi, 1995), (Gonzalez & Mark, 2005)
(Conte & Gintoft, 2005)
Burbules, N. Meanings of ubiquitous learning in Cope, B. y Kalantzis, M. (2010). Ubiquitus Learning. Illinois. US: Library of Congress.
different expectations and practices
change one´s subjective relation to time
new and varied rhythms, suggest a different relationship in turn to learning opportunities
involves the idea of "lifelong learning", "to be" is "to learn"
interconnections among people, places and learning processes.
Macan; Shahani; Dipboye; Peek (1990)