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Time Factor in E-learning. Doctorate Research Seminar by Mind Map: Time Factor in E-learning. Doctorate Research Seminar
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Time Factor in E-learning. Doctorate Research Seminar

Academic Time

Student Time

(Caldwell, Huitt and Graeber, 1982), (Berliner, 1984), Engaged Time (the time the student spend by learning a topic), Academic Learning Time-ALT (portion of engaged time that students are succesfully engaged)

Allocated time to complete a task, The Effects of Adjunct Questions on Learning Text Material: The Time Factor. Mory E. et al. (2007)

Odaci, H. (2011). Academic self-efficacy and academic procrastination as predictors of problematic internet use in university students. Computers & Education, 57, 119-113.

Student Interaction Time, Student-Environment Interaction, Student-Materials Interaction, Student-Student Interaction, Student-Professor Interaction, Student-Tutor Interaction

Teaching Time

Allocated Time (actually spend to learn a topic by the teacher)

Scheduled Time (officialy designated)), Real time versus official time, Martinic, S. (1998)

Institutional Time

Course Duration


e-Mentoring/Facilitation Time

Laura L. Bierema and Sharan B. Merriam, 2002

Time efficiency: institutional asset, self-management skill, planning of teaching and learning processes Serdyukov and Serdyukova (2007)

Serdyukov P. and Serdyukova, N.(2007), Online learning and time factor, in Proceeding CATE '07 Proceedings of the 10th IASTED International Conference on Computers and Advanced Technology in Education, ACM

Instructional Time

Actual Instructional Time in African Primary Schools: Factors that Reduce School Quality in Developing Countries. Benavot A., Gad L. (2004)

Teachers' time

So much to learn, so little time... teachers' perceptions, Herolda, F. A. Warin, M. (2011) Evaluation & Research in Education Vol. 24, No. 1, 61-77

Time to prepare skilled on-line teachers

Badia, A. Del docente presencial al docente virtual. Doc. UOC.

Prendergast (2003)

Course time management

Tomas Foltynek*, Arnost Motycka -

Fransen, J., Kirschner, Paul A., & Erkens, G. (2011). Mediating team effectiveness in the context of collaborative learning: The importance of team and task awareness. Computers in Human Behavior, 27, 1103-1113

-Oliveira, I., Tinoca, L., & Pereira, A. (2011). Online group work patterns: How to promote a successful collaboration. Computers & Education, 57, 1348–1357.

Building Learning Environments. Time efficency

Minh Chieu. (2007). An Operational Approach for Building Learning Environments Supporting Cognitive Flexibility. Journal of Educational Technology & Society. Vol. 10 No. 3, 32-46.

Time as a dimension (of analysis)

Reimann, 2009

Variable analysis VS Event analysis

Time is precious

Time as a constraint

Collis, B. and Moonen, J. (2001), Flexible learning in a digital world: experiences and expectations, Routledge, p. 10 Fixed time / Flexible time Time for starting and finishing a course Time for submitting assignment and interacting within a course Tempo/pace of studying Moments of assessment  

Dimension of flexibility provided to learners (Collis and Moonen, 2001)

Time of Semester as a Factor in Participants' Obedience to Instructions to Perform an Aversive Task (Navarick and Bellone, 2010)

Time as perception

The role of physiological arousal in time perception

Mella, N. Conty, L. Pouthas, V. (2010).

Participant experience

Gras B., Barbera E. ,Kirschner, (2010)

Lifelong learner's expectations

Thorpe (2006)

Success in the integration of the studies in the lifestyle

Tresman (2002)

Time use's expectations of Net Gen students in higher education

Ramanau, Ruslan; Hosein, Anesa and Jones, Chris (2010). Learning and living technologies: a longitudinal study of first-year students' expectations and experiences in the use of ICT. In: 7th International Conference on Networked Learning, 3-4 May 2010, Aalborg, Denmark. Retrieved the 20th March 2011 from:

Ramanau et al (2010)

Self-paced learners and social software

Anderson, T., Poellhuber,B. and McKerlich, R. (2010), ' Self-paced Learners Meet Social Software: An Exploration of Learners’ Attitudes, Expectations and Experience' in Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, Volume XIII, Number III, Fall 2010. retreved the 20th march 2011 from:

Anderson et al (2010)

Planning and time regulation

ADDIE model (Branson et al, 1975)

Analysis time

Design time

Development time

Implementation time

Evaluation time

Online time management (Simon, M) in White, K. y Weigth, B. (2000). The online teaching guide. A handbook of attitudes, strategies and techniques for the virtual classroom. US: Pearson Education Company.

Elements, Subject-matter knowledge, Keyboard skills, Software applications and skills, database-management, reading efficiently, working environment

Managing time like a decision process, finite resource, More than good technical skills

Social and cultural time

Time coordination

Kirschner, F; Paas, F. & Kirschner,

Collaborative learning/collaborative working

Social relation time in the alumni comunity



Students' time-on-task and time use

Demeure, Romero & Lambropoulos, 2010

Students' temporal patterns

Chuang, H. Yang,Y. & Liu,Han-Chin (2009)

Digital Divide Factors Matter in the Motivation to Use Technology to Learn

Time use Efficiency (Kelly, 2002, 2003, 2004);col1

Time as a assessment factor

Collaborative learning, Approaches To Assessment Of Online Learning: Conceptual Challenges Gur, S. Van Schaack, A.

Time on task (Nickerson, R.,Perkins, D. y Smith, E. (1987). Enseñar a pensar: aspectos de la aptitud intelectual. Barcelona: Paidós.

Asigned time

Busy time

Success time

Thechiques of managemnt of time

Gottschalk, T.H. (2000). Strategies for Learning at a Distance. (July, 12th, 2001)

Personal Time Distribution

Duart, J.M., Lupiáñez, F, Desarrollo organizativo del e-learning.

Physic time

Hawking, S. (2005). Brevísima historia del tiempo. Barcelona: Drakontos

Literary and Philosophical Time

Kermode, F (1983). El Sentido de un Final. Barcelona: Gedisa

Toboso M (2003) Tiempo y sujeto. Tesis Doctoral.

Ricoeur, P. (1983-85), Temps et récit

Technology Time

Technology Time Affordances

Bates, 2005, Each technology has its own "time"

Time Scheduling and Planning Tools


To Do's

Collaborative Calendars

Tasks and Milestones Managers (Collaborative Environments)

Synchronous and asynchronous elearning

Hrastinski (2008)

3D e-learning environments

The Time Factor: Leveraging Intelligent Agents and Directed Narratives in Online Learning Environments Jones & Warren (2009)

Digital tools and temporal dimension of learning: a Vigotskyan perspective

Cook (2010)

ICT-enhanced learning enviroments

Ligorio & Ritella (2010), Notion of 'chronotope' from Bakhtin

Time as a ressource

Carreras, O. Valax, M.F. (2010)

Temporal flexibility, CF. Macan (2004), Plan tasks relative to learning by setting goals and priorities

(Espasa, A. 2010) (Noorminshah Iahad, Georgious A. Dafoulas, Emmanouil Kalaitzakis, LInda A. 2004)

Immediate Feedback for Assessments

Corgan, Hammer, Margoliesa and Crossley, 2004; Ertmer et alt, 2007

Improved learning throught peer feedback in online discussions

Time Personalisation


Adaptive time


Gros B., Barbera E. ,Kirschner, (2010)


The Hierarchy of Digital Distraction

This one is not a esearch reference, but a popular diagram that effectively shows shiting atention's focus in everyday digital environment we are used to live. From:

Polychronicity and ICT

Polychronicity, the Internet, and the Mass Media: Waipeng, L. Trevor, T, Shahul, S. (2006)

Polychronicity and collaborative learning

Logics of Online Collaboration: Scripts, Polychronicity and Improvisation Voigt, C. (2008)

Individual Performance

(Conte & Gintoft, 2005)

Work Environment

(Oshagbemi, 1995), (Gonzalez & Mark, 2005)


(Conte & Gintoft, 2005)

Time as sense

Ubiquity dimension "anytime"

Burbules, N. Meanings of ubiquitous learning in Cope, B. y Kalantzis, M. (2010). Ubiquitus Learning. Illinois. US: Library of Congress.

asynchronous modes

different expectations and practices

change one´s subjective relation to time

new and varied rhythms, suggest a different relationship in turn to learning opportunities

involves the idea of "lifelong learning", "to be" is "to learn"

interconnections among people, places and learning processes.





Control of the own time

Life satisfaction

Macan; Shahani; Dipboye; Peek (1990)

Compare use of time presencial and virtual

Manejo del Tiempo y el ambiente en una experiencia didáctica. (2008)

Analía Chiecher, Danilo Donolo, María Cristina Rinaudo

Romero, M., Anglada, O., Esposito, A., Llorens, F., Sabulsky, G., Vazquez, A., Castro, P., Franco-Casamitjana, M., Izquierdo, J.V., Hettiarachchi, E., Perez-Poch A., Quesada, A.V., Medina, J.L. (2011). Collaborative concept map of the litterature review of the Time Factor in E-learning. Time Factor Doctorate Research Seminar. UOC. Available online

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