Improving thermal comfort whilst camping in cold climates.

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Improving thermal comfort whilst camping in cold climates. by Mind Map: Improving thermal comfort whilst camping in cold climates.

1. Activities

1.1. Putting items in the tent

1.1.1. Opening bag

1.1.1.1. If raining, this action can only be done inside the tent to ensure items of clothing and similar don't get wet.

1.1.2. Layout out sleeping space

1.1.2.1. Can be tricky in a small space like the tent that I did my empathic observation in.

1.2. Pitching tent

1.2.1. Pushing in pegs with bare hands are there's not always a mallet with a tent, that's usually with a canvas tent.

1.2.1.1. No gloves means cold and usually dirty hands.

1.2.2. Gloves are usually not worn to increase the dexterity of the user, so they can put their tent up faster.

1.2.3. You end up walking around a usually muddy campsite, which means that you have to take your boots off before you get into the sleeping compartment of your tent.

1.2.3.1. This can make your feet cold as the ground beneath the tent usually cold.

1.3. Sleeping

1.3.1. Laying in a sleeping bag

1.3.1.1. Cold feet.

1.3.1.2. Restricted movement

1.3.2. Sleeping matt underneath the user

1.3.2.1. Smaller than the width of a single bed, which means it's quite easy to slip off either side.

1.3.3. Head on a pillow

1.3.4. Tent is usually zipped up

1.3.4.1. To keep flies out and attempt to maintain some warm and keep out rainwater.

1.3.5. Sleep occurs at night, which is generally the coldest time of day.

2. Environment

2.1. Overt Observation took place at 4 in the afternoon 6/2/17 when the temperature was 6 degrees Celsius.

2.1.1. Environment's when people/families go camping (national parks?) may be colder at this time of year.

2.1.2. Observation was of an individual, groups could behave differently especially in a larger tent environment.

2.2. Grass

2.2.1. Can make the ground underneath the tent more comfortable if it's long.

2.2.2. Can retain moisture very well

2.2.3. Usually cold when wet

2.3. Colder Climates

2.3.1. Warm is very important

2.3.2. Hats, scarfs, gloves will already be worn

2.3.3. Fires may be more difficult to start

2.3.4. In the survey, 85% of the people who answered 'have you ever experienced a cold climate' said yes.

2.3.4.1. Locations people experienced cold climates.

2.3.4.1.1. The Rocky Mountains

2.3.4.1.2. Scotland

2.3.4.1.3. The New Forest

2.3.4.2. 2/7 of people said that it was cold every time they went camping

3. Interactions

3.1. Overt Observation

3.1.1. Participant has to kneel down whilst pushing pegs into the floor and pitching the tent.

3.1.1.1. This resulted in cold, wet knees.

3.1.2. The cold doesn't seem to affect the participant's ability to pitch the tent.

3.1.3. When the user tried to undo the guide lines, it appeared that the cold was affecting his ability to perform the task efficiently.

3.1.4. Participant wasn't filmed as they claimed it would make them feel uncomfortable.

3.2. Empathic Observation

3.2.1. I'm met by a wet door and compartment as I enter the tent.

3.2.1.1. This made me wet and uncomfortable.

3.2.2. I find the sleeping bag undone in the tent.

3.2.2.1. This meant that the inside of the sleeping bag was cold and thus so were my feet.

3.2.2.1.1. Feet touch the end of my sleeping bag, which made them more open to the cold.

3.2.3. My elbows touch the floor as they are outside the sleeping bag.

3.2.3.1. This interaction isn't particularly uncomfortable as the ground was soft.

4. Objects

4.1. Campfire

4.1.1. The centre of the camping experience, appears almost essential to the authenticity of the camping experience.

4.2. Tent

4.2.1. Must be warm and comfortable

4.2.2. Varies in side depending on the nature of the camping trip and the size of the group that is attending.

4.3. Car

4.3.1. Usually a necessity for travelling to the campsite.

4.4. Handwarmers

4.4.1. A traditional way of warming hands, not usually reusable and give out gentle heat

4.5. Bag

4.5.1. Holds all of the important items that the user my keep inside the tent, they may also keep the tent itself within the bag as well.

5. Users

5.1. Less than 10% of heat is lost from a person's head, that's why people are usually okay with hats

5.2. Interview

5.2.1. What would discourage you from camping?

5.2.1.1. Weather

5.2.1.1.1. Very cold/wet weather

5.2.1.1.2. Wet weather

5.2.1.1.3. Ice, snow, rain

5.2.1.1.4. cold winds

5.2.1.2. 3/8 said a lack of/bad facilities

5.2.1.3. Lifestyle

5.2.1.3.1. Inexperienced campers

5.2.1.3.2. 'Too old'

5.2.1.4. Annoyances

5.2.1.4.1. Too many people on the campsite.

5.2.1.4.2. Close proximity to other pitches

5.2.1.4.3. Dirt/grime

5.2.1.4.4. Bad cooking equipment

5.2.1.4.5. Flimsy tents

5.2.1.5. Destinations in wales and cornwall

5.2.1.6. Cost

5.2.1.7. Travel

5.2.1.8. Lack of activities in the area

5.2.2. What would encourage you to go camping?

5.2.2.1. Festivals

5.2.2.2. Climate control

5.2.2.3. Group holidays

5.2.2.4. Scouts, no encouragement needed

5.2.2.5. Many of the interviewees said good facilities and equipment are important.

5.2.2.6. Low cost

5.2.3. What social groups do you go camping with? and averagely, how many people are there when you go camping?

5.2.3.1. 2/7 said Youth groups

5.2.3.1.1. 25-30

5.2.3.1.2. 25

5.2.3.2. Square dancing

5.2.3.2.1. 80

5.2.3.3. Friends

5.2.3.3.1. 6

5.2.3.4. Couple

5.2.3.4.1. 2

5.2.3.5. Family

5.2.3.5.1. Extended

5.2.3.5.2. Close

5.2.4. Where do you visit when camping?

5.2.4.1. The new forest

5.2.4.2. Hillside (Upper Beeding)

5.2.4.3. Festivals

5.2.4.4. Countryside

5.2.4.5. abergavenny

5.2.4.6. Elan Valley

5.2.4.7. Brecon Beacons

5.2.4.8. Cornwall

5.2.4.9. The Lake District

5.2.4.10. Scotland

5.2.4.11. Leicestershire

5.2.4.12. Designated youth/Christian campsites

5.2.4.13. The rocky mountains

5.2.5. Which parts of the body get cold the quickest whilst camping? (6/8 answered this question)

5.2.5.1. 5/6 said feet

5.2.5.1.1. Average pain rating = 3.8

5.2.5.2. 4/6 said hands

5.2.5.2.1. Average pain rating = 4.25

5.2.5.3. 1/6 said abdomen

5.2.5.3.1. Pain rating = 4

5.2.5.4. 1/6 said buttocks

5.2.5.4.1. Pain rating = 1 or 2

5.2.5.5. 1/6 said the head

5.2.5.5.1. Pain rating = 4

5.2.5.6. 2/6 said ears and nose

5.2.5.6.1. Average pain rating = 3

5.2.5.7. 1/6 said nipples

5.2.5.7.1. Pain rating = 2

5.2.6. Do you tend to make fires whilst camping?

5.2.6.1. 5/7 said Yes

5.2.6.1.1. 'There's always a fire going'

5.2.6.1.2. 'Everytime'

5.2.6.1.3. 'We had a wood burner in our yurt'

5.2.6.2. 2/7 said No

5.2.6.2.1. Indoor facilities or a portable outdoor stove.

5.2.6.2.2. 'We had evening entertainment, so didn't sit around a fire'.