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Slums by Mind Map: Slums

1. People living In Them

1.1. A woman named Sabur used to live underneath a staircase, but now lives on a bench. Her dad gave Sabur to the owner of the water pipe when Sabur was young, so she is lucky to bathe there for free.

1.2. Suparmo's only goal is to only work, and earn money. He said that most of us think that rubbish is bad, but he then said that it wasn't the case for him. He said he would use it to earn money or feed his family.

1.3. Imin had a disease and his mum tried to pay for his medication but couldn't. He has been arrested 6 times and he works by getting plastic bottles. But every now and then, he goes with his sister to the traffic lights to pray. He has 2 kids but for his kids safety, he brings them to the village for them to live with their grandparents.

2. Slums Statistics

2.1. Apparently, 40 percent of Dharavi's citizens use only 3.5 percent of the cities area.

2.2. Slums are one third of the urban population of developing countries.

2.3. Nearly a billion people live in slums, and nearly every year the slums increase by 6 million.

2.4. There is only 1 toilet for every 500 people in the slums of in Kenya Nairobi

2.5. More than 70% of Africa's urban population live in slums.

2.6. The majority of the people living in slums in African cities are in between the ages of 15 and 24.

2.7. Slums are everywhere economically. Today, about 85% of all employment offers around the world occur in the informal economy.

2.8. There are more men than women in the workforce, but women make up 60 to 80% of the jobs that aren't safe or protected in developing countries.

2.9. More than 50% of the population in Asia, and 40% in Sub-Saharan Africa, don't have access to sanitation.

2.10. Sanitation

2.10.1. In slums, especially Dharavi, they are very limited to water, and resources. Most water is accessed at a public water pipe.

2.10.2. Water only is pumped out of the water tap at different times in day.

2.10.3. Since the water is pumped out at different times, the people living in slums have to make up a plan themselves to get water.

2.10.4. A survey in 1986 shows that there were only 800 lavatories and 400000 people. The people in Dharavi back then was half of what we have right now.

2.11. Monsoon season which is a danger for floods. And if there is built buildings and houses. And if there is toxic waste, it will equal a flooded river and a lake for drinking with human waste. Which leads to people having diseases such as malaria, dengue etc.

3. HISTORY

3.1. In the 19th century, one of the best developed countries, France had many slums. In alleyways, and other urban places.

3.2. The existence of slums in Mumbai in 18th century because of mills, and other places of employment. When the cotton boom happened, which was a event in the civil war which made cotton more expensive to buy and was more rare, people made more mills rapidly and shipped more goods. Which drew a lot of people with low incomes attention to have a deal. However, some slums used to be villages, until cities were built around them. An example, is Dharavi, one of the most oldest slums in India. People tried to find the amount of people living in slums in Dharavi in 1976 and found 2.8 million people living in slums around the city in 1680.

3.3. Slums are over populated urban housing usually in a city. Rapid industrialization in the 19th century in Europe had rapid population growth with people with not much education, making poorly built buildings. England was the first to pass the law to low income housing in 1868. In the late 19th century the U.S was populated with large amounts of immigrants. Laws were made to make adequate ventilation, fire protection, and sanitation. In the 20th century the governments and private organisations built low income housing and offered low prices.

3.4. late in the 17th century, gerald aungier tried to bring traders to bombay, but as a result of the population growing by six times. between the years 1661 and 1675. some of the more successful traders made houses inside the british fort. the other lived in small native towns around the fort. those were the first slums to be made in bombay.

4. Dharavi

4.1. Questions

4.1.1. 5 W's and 1 H

4.1.1.1. Who lives in slums?

4.1.1.2. What are the challenges living in a slum?

4.1.1.3. Why do slums exist?

4.1.1.4. When might everyone stop living in slums?

4.1.1.5. Will slums be fixed in the future?

4.1.1.6. How can slums be fixed?

4.1.2. How can people in Dharavi improve their basic human needs?

4.1.2.1. This may be not true to others, but leadership, will lead them to development, like Malala.

4.1.3. What can you do to help to reduce slums and improve houses?

4.1.3.1. The slums, needs a government that has an effort to buy affordable land and houses for low income people.

4.1.4. How bad in the sanitation compared to other LEDC's?

4.1.5. How might the world change if they knew what it feels like living in a slum?

4.1.6. How can other countries help the Dharavi/other slums?

4.1.7. How bad is the Income per person?

4.1.8. What other town is similar like Dharavi?

4.1.9. Why do they let children play around toxic waste?

4.1.10. Why won't they clean the toxic waste which is a health hazard?

4.1.11. What are the Physical and Human factors of Dharavi and other LEDC's around the world? and what is the cause?

4.1.12. If the Dharavi town developed, how would they? and what statistics would have changed?

4.1.13. What is it like living in a slum?

4.1.13.1. Shantytowns, which often grow up in urban places or in developing countries, populated by immigrants from rural places. Most people migrate to other developed countries, but have go in search of a job, but end up in a slum. The most poorest people live in slums, but in one, The Esquipulas, houses are built out of scrap metal and corrugated iron. And they take the risk being flooded by the river floods. They have no sanitation, or electricity. Electric connections are illegal apparently, which increase fire hazard. They only live on 5 dollars a day.

5. Problems

5.1. 1. housing is one of the most essential rights of citizens. sadly, people don’t have this, leading to problems such as crime, lack of sanitation, pollution, and other problems.

5.2. 2. UN-HABITAT claims that Rani Bibi is one of the 863 million people who live in slums around the world making, 33% of the urban population a developing world in 2012.

5.3. 3. counting the people who live in slums located in Pakistan, it is said that 23 to 32 million people in Pakistan are slum dwellers.

5.4. 4. the problem isn’t in only Pakistan, according to Martin Ravallion, World Bank, currently a quarter or 25% of the worlds poorest slums dwells are in urban areas and the percentage is going to be 50% by the year 2035.

5.5. 5. jobs in slums include street vending, household work, product assembly, factory packaging, embroideries and craftwork, domestic work, shoe polishing or shoe repair.

5.6. 6. since the people living in slums don’t have good education, unemployment rates are very high, especially for women. lots of people living in slums don’t work a proper job or in cities close to slums. lots of slum dwellers have unauthorised jobs.

5.7. 7. women and girls are not afforded time for education, because they are burdened with carrying water from water sources far away to care for sick family members.