14th amendment

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14th amendment by Mind Map: 14th amendment

1. Black codes

1.1. people in Southern states werent hally about the abolishment of slavery because they were afraid it would end their way of life

2. Dred Scott

2.1. Was an enslaved African American who lived with his owner in the slave state of Missouri

3. Court cases

3.1. Brown v. Board of Education

3.1.1. In 1954 The Supreme Court decided the landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education

3.1.2. The question was whether it was constitutional to have separate schools for African American children

3.1.3. The defense argued that racial segregation in public schools violated the Fourteenth Amendment

3.2. Plessy v. Ferguson

3.2.1. In 1896, the Supreme Court decided the landmark case of Plessy v. ferguson

3.2.2. Homer Plessy was arrested for sitting in a train car deemed only for whites

3.2.3. The Supreme Court disagreed, stating that it was legal to have separate facilities as long as they were equal in quality

4. Amendments

4.1. Fourteenth Amendment

4.1.1. It guaranteed equal protection under the law

4.2. Fifteenth Amendment

4.2.1. Passed by congress in 1870

4.2.2. Protected African Americans right to vote

4.3. Thirteenth Amendment

4.3.1. abolished, or legally ended, slavery in the United States

5. Acts

5.1. Civil Rightz Act

5.1.1. Of 1957 Tried to change protecting voting rights and allow the government to prosecute anyone who tries to prevent or limit voting rights

5.1.2. Of 1964 President Kennedy proposed what he thought would be the Civil Rights of 1964

5.2. Indian Education Act (1972)

5.2.1. Of 1972 worked to improve education for Native Americans

5.2.2. provided money and services to Native American schools

5.2.3. gave Native American schools more freedom to determine their own curriculum to serve their students best

5.3. Americans with disabilities Act (1990)

5.3.1. Passed In 1990

5.3.2. Also known as the ADA Congress passed the Americans with Disabilities Act

5.3.3. The law extends equal protection to people with physical or mental disabilities

5.4. Equal protection Act

5.4.1. The United States gaurantees an equal protection for its citizens

5.5. Equal pay act

5.5.1. Both women and men have a law passed that they get payed equally