14 Disability categories under IDEA

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14 Disability categories under IDEA by Mind Map: 14 Disability categories under IDEA

1. Multiple disabiliities (low incidence)

1.1. This is a combination of different impairment, and more concomitant impairment

1.1.1. Assistive Technology

1.1.1.1. open education resource

1.1.1.2. audio and video apps

1.1.1.3. apps on mobile device

1.1.2. Intervention and modifications

1.1.2.1. individual education programes

1.1.2.2. collaborative practice

1.1.2.3. individualized curriculum

1.1.2.4. effective communication

1.1.2.5. academic or behavior intervention

1.1.2.6. multiple sensory technique

1.1.2.7. mini lesson skill deficit

2. deaf-blindness (low incidence)

2.1. Concomitant hearing and visual impairment which might be as a result of down syndrome or multiple congenital anomalies

2.1.1. Assistive Technology

2.1.1.1. braille translation software

2.1.1.2. screen enlargement software

2.1.1.3. screen reader

2.1.2. Intervention and modifications

2.1.2.1. group work technique

2.1.2.2. give student extra time to finish work

2.1.2.3. symbol communication system

3. Deafness (low incidence)

3.1. A situation where a child is totally deaf and cannot hear

3.1.1. Assistive Technology

3.1.1.1. eye tracking software

3.1.1.2. captioned media programs

3.1.1.3. Tv captioned

3.1.2. Intervention and modification

3.1.2.1. clearly enunciate speech

3.1.2.2. educational interpreter ( signed English

3.1.2.3. give student extra time to finish work

4. speech and language impairment (high incidence)

4.1. This is a communication disorder like stuttering impaired articulation, language or voice impairment that adversely affects learning of students.

4.1.1. Assistive Technology

4.1.1.1. speech recognition software

4.1.2. Intervention and modification

4.1.2.1. Individualized education program

4.1.2.2. speech language therapy

4.1.2.3. functional and practical work

4.1.2.4. peer buddy system

4.1.2.5. use of gesture

4.1.2.6. augmentative communication system

5. hearing impairment low incidence)

5.1. This is a situation where student is not totally deaf but have an impairment in hearing, they have a reduction in hearing

5.1.1. Assistive Technology

5.1.1.1. closed captioning software

5.1.2. Intervention and modifications

5.1.2.1. visual aid therapy

5.1.2.2. physical accommodation

5.1.2.3. sign interpreters and captionists

6. specific learning disabilities (high incidence)

6.1. This is a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological process involved in understanding or using language, spoken or written and affects learning of students

6.1.1. Assistive Technology

6.1.1.1. electronic dictionary

6.1.1.2. free open source software

6.1.1.3. open education resources

6.1.2. Intervention and modification

6.1.2.1. skill building strategy

6.1.2.2. Individual Education Program

6.1.2.3. academic or behavior intervention

6.1.2.4. lowering the level of learning material

6.1.2.5. collaboration between the nurse, teacher and parents

7. Emotional disturbance (high incidence)

7.1. Inability of student to maintain good relationship between peers or teacher and exhibit inappropriate behavior under normal circumstances which could be as a result of anxiety or depression.

7.1.1. Assistive Technology

7.1.1.1. free and open source software

7.1.1.2. open educational resources

7.1.2. Intervention and modifications

7.1.2.1. corporate learning activities

7.1.2.2. social skills

7.1.2.3. behavior intervention plan

7.1.2.4. physical therapy

7.1.2.5. visual support and visual schedules

7.1.2.6. self awareness and self control

8. Autism (low incidence)

8.1. A developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and non verbal communication and social interaction of a child

8.1.1. Assistive Technology

8.1.1.1. visual representation system

8.1.2. Intervention and modifications

8.1.2.1. speech language therapy

8.1.2.2. physical therapy

8.1.2.3. sensory integration therapy

8.1.2.4. occupational therapy

9. Orthopedic impairment (low incidence)

9.1. Impairment caused by a congenital anomaly or by disease like poliomyelitis or from other cause like amputations, fracture or burn that cause contracture, it involves physical disability which affects the academics of a child

9.1.1. Assistive Technology

9.1.1.1. speech recognition software

9.1.1.2. screen reading software

9.1.1.3. academic software package

9.1.1.4. augmentative and alternative communication device

9.1.1.5. motion-based alternative text

9.1.2. Intervention and modification

9.1.2.1. inclusive classroom

9.1.2.2. modified writing aids

9.1.2.3. specialized exercise equipment

9.1.2.4. special chairs and table for proper posture

10. Other health impairment ( low incidence)

10.1. These comprise range of conditions which could limit the strength, alertness or vitality of students and can be cause as a result of chronic ar acute health problems like asthma sickle cell anaemia, leukaemia.

10.1.1. Assistive Technology

10.1.1.1. free Ebook

10.1.1.2. free and open source software

10.1.2. Intervention and modification

10.1.2.1. individual education program

10.1.2.2. collaboration between nurse, parent and teacher

10.1.2.3. restructure curriculum

11. Traumatic brain injury ( low incidence)

11.1. This is an injury to the brain caused by external physical force resulting to total or partial functional disability, sometimes results to lost of memory.

11.1.1. Assistive Technology

11.1.1.1. electronic dictionary/thesauns

11.1.1.2. free and open source software

11.1.1.3. tapr recorders

11.1.2. Intervention and modifications

11.1.2.1. use of pictures and icons

11.1.2.2. visual display

11.1.2.3. physical therapy

11.1.2.4. self management and self monitoring strategies

11.1.2.5. reinforcement

11.1.2.6. multiple choice technique

12. Developmental delay (low incidence)

12.1. When a child is expected to display some behaviors due for their age and those signs are lacking, there is development delay in physical, cognitive, communication,social or emotional which affects the academic success of such child

12.1.1. Assistive Technology

12.1.1.1. adaptive/alternative input device

12.1.1.2. pencil grips

12.1.1.3. augmentative and alternative communication

12.1.1.4. picture exchange communication system

12.1.2. Intervention and modification

12.1.2.1. social stories

12.1.2.2. physical therapy

12.1.2.3. give student more time to finish work

12.1.2.4. social skills

12.1.2.5. self care skills

12.1.2.6. speech language therapy

12.1.2.7. occupational therapy

12.1.2.8. visual schedules

13. Visual Impairment (including blindness) its a low incedence

13.1. This is a kind of vision loss and a decreased ability to see to a degree that causes problems not fixable by usual means

13.1.1. Assistive Technology

13.1.1.1. braille display

13.1.1.2. screen recognition software

13.1.1.3. speech access software

13.1.2. Intervention and modification

13.1.2.1. physical education

13.1.2.2. oral instruction

13.1.2.3. physical activities

13.1.2.4. give more time to finish work

13.1.2.5. use of manipulatives

14. Intellectual disability (high incidence)

14.1. Is a significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning, it exists concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and is manifested during development period

14.1.1. Assistive Technology

14.1.1.1. adaptive/alternative input device

14.1.1.2. literacy software design (audio and video)

14.1.2. Intervention and modifications

14.1.2.1. social skills

14.1.2.2. functional communication system

14.1.2.3. behavior management technique

14.1.2.4. student teacher ratio

14.1.2.5. give students more time to finish their work